George Fitzhugh stands among the most prominent advocates for slavery during this time for which he voiced a unique justification of its practice. In his perspective, Fitzhugh stated that it is in the best interest of slaves to be governed and looked over, comparing the slave to that of a child. Furthermore, he insists that "the negro slaves of the South are the happiest, and, in some sense, the free people in the world" (Fitzhugh 1846). The popular saying, "Just ask me how happy my slaves are," is often aligned with this explanation for slavery as well.
Frederick Douglass believed that through literacy, a slave or black people, could receive their key to freedom. This was shown when Mrs.Auld taught Frederick how to read when he first got to their plantation. It was also shown when Frederick gave bread to white kids to learn how to read and spell. Another place it was shown is when Frederick listened to a conversation and went to the dictionary to find out the meaning of those words.
The quote that Handful says to Sarah in The Invention of Wings, “My body might be a slave, but not my mind. For you, it’s the other way around” (Kidd 201), displays the obvious inequalities towards women and African Americans during the early 1800’s. The quote shows that not only is Handful a slave in the novel, but Sarah is as well. Sarah is trapped in the mindset that she cannot make a difference in the world and believes her dreams of having a profession are unrealistic due to what others think. The quote is very important because it helps Sarah realize how imprisoned she is in Charleston and how she can never make a difference in the fight for justice for others due to women’s status.
Martin also uses hyperbole, exaggerated statements or claims, to further the message of his speech. Martin announced, “... millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice” (King 1). The proclamation directly revealed the hardships that the Negroes dealt with in an exaggerated fashion and illustrated a picture of just how poorly people of color were treated. Martin declared that they would “... shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges” (King 2). The strong words and phrases that Martin voiced made the crowd feel for the blacks who faced difficult situations.
Frederick Douglass was born into slavery around 1835 in Tuckahoe. (12 Miles from Talbot County) In his Narrative, Frederick not only describes his struggles and hardships during his time as a slave, but also with escaping slavery. When he was young, Frederick did not know his father, though he thought that his father was a white slave owner. (Maybe even his own master).
Both Marx and Douglas agree that there is an original concept of property that is more inclusive and positive, but society functions based a hidden idea of property that exploits other humans. For Marx, the original concept of property is positive to society as a whole and is not discriminative but inclusive. He says that man is defined by his production which enables him to contribute to people around him which makes him a species-being. However, this concept of property is corrupted when society starts to attribute value to labor.
In the early 1800s, more opinions were being voiced about the treatment of the African-Americans. An educated African-American by the name of David Walker voiced his opinion about his communities need for equal liberties and all of the hypocrisy that was being ignored by others. For instance, in a paper, it was said, “‘The Turks are the most by bears people in the world – they treat the Greeks more like brute than human beings.’ And in the same paper was an advertisement, which said: ‘Eight well-built Virginia and Maryland Negro fellows and for wenches will positively be sold this day, to the highest bidder’” (Walker, 1829, p.177).
Ironic elements are evident in abundance throughout King’s speech which elicit an comical tone and draws on the reality of the war. King makes the nation appears as hypocrites because Americans pretend to fight as a united nation whereas segregation is among the same schools, the same neighborhood, the same country. The fact that “young black men are being sent [across the world] to fight for the liberties in Southeast Asia, which they [have] not found in Georgia and East Harlem” questions the validity of America’s founding principles of the unalienable rights of every individual; life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
Equality means every individual has equal opportunities. Historically, certain groups of people, African Americans, have been denied of their rights as Americans. The Voting Rights of 1965, a law passed, elimated literacy test that restricted African Americans from voting. In Lydon B. Johnson speech ¨ The American Promise¨ ,Johnson is making an effort to have equality among white and black in society.
As a college educated individual it’s rather difficult to identify with a pair of guppies that aren’t aware of the liquid that surrounds them. Yet David Foster Wallace chooses to make the comparison in the beginning of his 2005 Kenyon Commencement Address. Wallace chooses to retell parabolist stories and uses his extensive knowledge of the average day to day routine to support the idea that we are self-centered by nature. However, he also uses well supported logical appeals to identify the solution to our nature. In his speech, Wallace speaks out about the choices that most people make on a day to day bases regarding the way we view the world.