During the “Gilded Age” period of American history, development of the Trans-Mississippi west was crucial to fulfilling the American dream of manifest destiny and creating an identity which was distinctly American. Since the west is often associated with rugged pioneers and frontiersmen, there is an overarching idea of hardy American individualism. However, although these settlers were brave and helped to make America into what it is today, they heavily relied on federal support. It would not have been possible for white Americans to settle the Trans-Mississippi west without the US government removing Native Americans from their lands and placing them on reservations, offering land grants and incentives for people to move out west, and the
Historians who practice historiography agree that the writings from the beginning of what is now known as the United States of America can be translated various ways. In James H. Merrell’s “The Indians’ New World,” the initial encounters and relationships between various Native American tribes and Europeans and their African American slaves are explained; based on Merrell’s argument that after the arrival of Europeans to North America in 1492, not only would the Europeans’ lives drastically change, but a new world would be created for the Native Americans’ as their communities and lifestyles slowly intertwined for better or worse. Examples of these changes include: “deadly bacteria, material riches, and [invading] alien people.” (Merrell 53)
As Western Homesteaders, who happen to be farmers, we strongly stood behind the passage of the Dawes Act and an end to the indian wars. Our reasoning for supporting the Dawes Act was that if the land held by the native Americans was no longer affiliated by tribe, it could be privatized, which would offer us the opportunity of acquiring more land. Furthermore, a reduction of conflict between ourselves and the indians would greatly increase our quality of life, as the constant threat of raids had become a great nuisance. Moreover, as American settlers, we viewed American citizens as more advanced than the uncivilized savages that lived to the West. Therefore, for both
Many assume that the Whites gave the Indians many freedom when conquering their land. The standard way of thinking about how Whites treating Indians has it by biased history. It is often said by the Native Americans that they are forced to do actions without their actual opinion on them. The standard way of thinking about religion is allowing people to express themselves in the beliefs and get worship on their own. Chief Red Jacket’s 1805 Speech purpose is to acknowledge that the Indians will not allow the Whites to force conversion in Christianity upon them by using pathos , repetition and imagery.
The fur trade first established the Pacific Northwest as a hinterland by encouraging settlers and traders from The competition vigorously grew between Europe, the United States, Spanish cultures, and other participants beyond the coastal region. However, throughout the progression of the Pacific Northwest as a hinterland ships and agricultural merchandise become about, so there was more than farming to offer. Thus, resulting in the everyday reliance of these trading goods.
Native Americans who emigrated from Europe perceived the Indians as a friendly society with whom they dwelt with in harmony. While Native Americans were largely intensive agriculturalists and entrepreneurial in nature, the Indians were hunters and gatherers who earned a livelihood predominantly as nomads. By the 19th century, irrefutable territories i.e. the areas around River Mississippi were under exclusive occupation by the Indians. At the time, different Indian tribes such as the Chickasaws, Creeks, and Cherokees had adapted a sedentary lifestyle and practiced small-scale agriculture. According to the proponents of removal, the Indians were to move westwards into forested lands in order to generate additional space for development through agricultural production (Memorial of the Cherokee Indians). The Act led to an array of legal and moral arguments for and against the need to relocate the Indians westward from the agriculturally productive lands of the Mississippi in Georgia and parts of Alabama. This paper compares and contrasts the major arguments for and against the
Europeans settlers attempted to impose, religion, language, culture to the Native Americans that owned and live in the region for generation as a result, the settlers found a strong opposition to the involuntary assimilation. This method was not new; every “Conquistador” used the same system in many other nations in The Americas where they went as far as killing many tribes and having natives as slaves, to accomplish their purposes. I don’t believe that it was about having natives to assimilate their culture, language or way of living; the real reason was to subdue the Natives to be able to accomplish their many economic plans like mines, railroad and agriculture, a clear example are the tragedy at Wounded Knee.
The rapid industrialization of the United States brought many changes to its people. New technologies, inventions, and the railroad brought better fuels, stronger steels, changed the way people lit their homes, and even changed the way people did their shopping. The integrated railroad was especially exciting, because it would allow people to move from the west coast to the east coast as they pleased. Economic development was also on the rise, especially in the west. Americans were excited to discover and tame the “wild west”, eager to claim a piece of land that they could call their own. Greediness often took over, and what was best for the white people was not always best for all people, like the Indians. Westward expansion was full of riches for the whites, but full of tragedies for the Indians. The western frontier was anti-democratic, and a prime example of how Anglo-American expansion could be brutal.
During the mid-1800s there was a large movement for Americans who lived on the East coast to move westward. This caused hardships to the movers to the west, as well as the Native Americans and the Land. The settlers thrived from Westward Expansion, but they unfairly took everything away from the people and the animals who were there before.
In the late 1800s, America began to grow and government decided to explore and expand to new lands. After sending explorers to see the new land, they began to move into the western territory where Natives were already settled. Western expansion affected the lives of Native Americans during the period
For this essay, the question under investigation is: “To what extent did the Dawes General Allotment Act of 1887 impact Native American Tribes and their culture?” The number of tribes impacted by this act is too vast for us to investigate them all, so the focus of this research question will be on the Five Civilized Tribes to make the subject less broad. Lifestyles of the Native Americans in the Five Civilized Tribes before and after the Dawes Act will be investigated to get a better understanding of the life and cultural changes these people endured. The impacts include the splitting up of land and the redistribution of the land to individual tribe members, and the introduction of "white culture," such as farming, to the Native Americans.
The Dawes Act and its supporters sang a very similar tune to southerners who justified slavery as their patriarchal and christian duty. The Dawes Act allowed the President of the United States to survey the reservations Indians lived on and allot its land to heads of households, single persons over eighteen, and to orphans. This meant that the President went into reservations and redistributed the land, upsetting the system Native Americans had previously. Slave owners of the Antebellum South believed that the Black men and women needed to be enslaved, for they could not function without a patriarchal master. Westerners too saw the Native Americans as inferior, and felt that they had to help the tribal people be free of
The beginning of the 1800s and the beginning of the 1900s were not much different time periods in terms of Native Americans. During both time periods Native Americans are still struggling with the idea of assimilation. At the beginning of the 1800s, which is main focus of The Cherokee Removal, Native Americans are struggling with was assimilation the right path for them to take or not. At the end of the 1800s, which is the main focus of Talking Back to Civilization, Native Americans are struggling with how to gain rights after assimilation; trying to progress in American society. Both books show how those who chose to assimilate still were never truly considered to be part of American society; no rights were transferred
Amongst the Great Plains of the United States were four groups of Indian tribes who dominated for years. In the South you had the Comanche Indians, in the central part of the plains you had the Arapaho and Cheyenne, and the tribe who roamed the northern plains were the almighty Sioux Indians. These four tribes roamed the plains and dominated in their sectors of the country. Now even though these tribes did not believe in ‘owning’ land they did believe in dominating the land. The way the tribes saw it then is the same way we see it now as putting a price on air, to them it wasn 't possible.
American Indians resisted European attempts to change their beliefs and world views through the use of violence. For example, in 1680, an Indian religious leader named Pope led a revolt against European settlers who suppressed Native American beliefs. As a result, hundreds of European settlers were killed.