The church was becoming more and more corrupt by the day. People were not focused on faith but relied on the “middle man” to reach God; in this case the middleman was the pope and the Catholic Church. Martin Luther disagreed with the corrupt system the church was conducting and was motivated to start a reform. The purpose of the ninety-five theses was not to accuse the pope or the Catholic Church but to question the actions being made. For example Martin Luther raises awareness of the following controversial thought, “Christians are to be taught that it would be the pope's wish, as it is his duty, to give of his own money to very many of those from whom certain hawkers of pardons cajole money, even though the church of St. Peter might have to be sold.”
Ultimately the Church was at its lowest point, at the same time as they were preaching abstinence until marriage, the clergy were violating their own vows of celibacy. The was that the Church initially got away with this though is by making sure Europe wasn’t intelligent, because when the populous fif gain the knowledge that they craved through the humanist movement, the Church was on their heels. Lastly, it was greed that forced reform in the Catholic Church. It pushed people to split off from the corrupt, to follow people like Martin Luther, to restore what they had fallen in love with, God and his
The Protestant Reformation was a major 16th century conflict throughout Europe that divided The Catholic Church into different religions because of their views of how the churches were being run. In 1517, one of the significant events of The Protestant Reformation, Martin Luther (a German Augustinian monk) posted 95 theses on the church door in the university town of Wittenberg. In a part of that document/article it states “Christians are to be taught that they buying of indulgences is a matter of free choice, not commanded. Christians are to be taught that the pope, in granting indulgences, needs and thus desires their devout prayer more than their money. “ Thus meaning when Martin Luther published his 95 theses it was to attack the Catholic
Jeremiah is interested in convincing the people to initiate change and to correct their wrongs in a bottom-up route. Zwingli, however, challenges the Church and the elite to spark reforms in from the top-down. The audience of their criticism is telling of not only who Jeremiah and Zwingli thinks can propel change but also the individuals and groups the critics feels closest to. This translates to the nature of Jeremiah and Zwingli's "antagonistic connection. " Jeremiah is deeply connected to the people, despite his disconnect to them due to persecution and overall dislike.
That which is inhuman, cannot be divine!” (19). The “American religion” was used as “a thin vail to cover up crimes which would disgrace a nation of savages” (20) and their “prayers and hymns, your sermon and thanksgivings, with all your religious parade, and solemnity, are mere bombast, fraud, deception, impiety and hypocrisy” (20). Hence, Douglass purpose was not to primarily motive to can “American religion” a lie was to emphasize the “national inconsistencies” and bring up change. Douglass also uses the same method when stating that “it [the Constitution] will be found to contain principles and purposes, entirely hostile to the existence of slavery” (38).
The Reformation that happened in the Middle Ages in Europe was called the Protestant Reformation. This reformation calls for reform within the church. Martin Luther was a very acentric professor that helped many Catholics changed their beliefs to Christianity. The sixteenth century Europeans were highly critical of the Roman Catholic Church and its clergy. Critics of the church concentrated their nagging on three disorders- clerical immorality, clerical ignorance, and clerical absenteeism Many of the people who were charged with one of these clerical immorality were a number of priests who were drunk, gamblers, ignored celibacy, or who indulged in the finer things of life.
1.) Martin Luther wrote the 95 Theses and they protest against clerical abuses, specifically nepotism, simony, usury, and the biggest, most important-the selling of indulgences.
Reformation was a movement where reformists condemned the condemned the corruption of the Catholic Church. In the beginning did the Ninety-five These trigger the Reformation. Plus, the Blach Death and Catholic Church division discouraged people to follow the absolute rule of the Church. Renaissance followers began to delve into the research and re-understand the Bible and Christianity, forming Protestant. The Reformation was a further discovery of the humanity, continuing the path of the Renaissance.
Geoffrey Chaucer’s satirical collection of stories called The Canterbury Tales, develops an insight of his criticism for the Catholic Church members during the medieval period. During the time period, the Catholic Church could be considered as the head of the society. The church held power over education, politics, economy, as well as the everyday lives of the citizens. Fear of excommunication kept the people from arguing with the ideas of the church. Some members of the church used this power to influence others to follow the rules of Catholicism; however there was a growing number of church members who were corrupt.
The Protestant Reformation had a huge impact in all Europe in the sixteen century, but which ones were the factors that lead to it? It is very important to highlight that the European Christianity was falling into a noticeable corruption of its popes and some other high position members. Robbery, and even warriors were among of some factors that took the Cristian Church to a declining path. One of these examples was the Pope Julius II, which one won the nickname “the warrior pope” because he led armies against people. Furthermore, the church was not the only factor promoting this reformation, some other social changes were occurring with the masses in Europe; many of the peasants were being free especially in the western Europe.
Based upon the other documents, the textbook should be rewritten. The textbooks all corroborate the persecution of Christians in Rome. The textbook lacks a definitive explanation for the persecution and an in-depth explanation of what the followers of Jesus endured. Documents B and C, while not flawless themselves, provide information that the textbook does not have. Document B describes how the Christians were preyed upon by the Roman people.
In the European Middle Ages, there is much evidence supporting one's theory that Europe was not in a dark age, but instead it was flourishing into a new age of advancements in cathedrals and universities, law and order to the chaotic society, and the Magna Carta. For example, bringing the law and order to a disordered and chaotic society was a huge growth improvement. According to document A from Medieval Economic Laws, “If any one refuses to negotiate a purchase or a sale, they can bring the case before the king”. Before and during the plague most of the government structures fell within Europe, many revolts were happening with the kings, and in order to bring society back to where it was, the government was forced to strengthen laws, but
In Document A: Textbook Passage #1. The source was created to help educate people how Europe was going through a rough time in the Middle Ages. ”During the early Middle Ages much of Europe passed through a time of turmoil and confusion, of ignorance and lawlessness”. This source has a Eurocentric view of the Middle Ages.
In the 1300's, an Italian scholar named Petrach used the term "dark ages" to describe the medieval period (Movie Talk: The Dark Ages). Petrach applied the "dark" and "light" terms to learning. Petrach believed that the Romans and Ancient Greeks were in the "light" of learning. The following period, the middle ages, was in the "dark''. Ever since he used the term, historians have been debating whether the time period between the 500's and the 1500's were really a "dark age.