They were first recognized as “an economic, political, and military competitor in Asia” when they defeated Russia in 1904-1905. Strayer states that “[s]ome Poles, Finns, and Jews viewed the Russian defeat as an opening for their own liberation from the Russian Empire.” Their liberation generated respect for the Japanese from an international standpoint. The Egyptian nationalist Mustafa Kamil also spoke for many when he declared: “We are amazed by Japan because it is the first Eastern government to utilize Western civilization to resist the shield of European Imperialism in Asia.” Japan also has a strong economy, as “[they] became a major exporter of textiles and was able to produce its own munitions and industrial goods as well.”
power was shown internationally. Although the Monroe Doctrine took place several years before the Imperialism era, the Monroe Doctrine helped pave the way for the U.S. mission of spreading liberty and democracy. At the time this “mission” that the U.S. had is what helped them be unique compared to other nations, because most of the foreign countries tried to expand their territory instead of promoting liberty. The Imperialism era compares to the Cold War era because in both of these periods the U.S. was trying to promote liberty and democracy. The only difference between the two time periods is that in the Cold War era the U.S. tried to contain communism, so democracy could be preserved.
Theodore Roosevelt was deserving of the Nobel Peace Prize because he helped settle the dispute between Russia and Japan. He also made a deal with Japan concerning Korea. These things may not seem like much, but they made a huge impact on many countries. In document two, the picture illustrates how Roosevelt reconciles the parties of Russia and Japan.
1. Analyze the success and failures of the following types of diplomacy: Big Stick, Dollar and Moral Diplomacy. The end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century was known as the Progressive Era in the United States. Inside the country, social and economic reforms would come to define the period, but outside the country, America’s economic and military powers were being used in diplomatic negotiations to expand the country’s influence.
Nixon uses the détente policy, which its main purpose was to limit the Soviet arms buildup and to check its expansion and the next strategy, was to inhibit both radicalism and revolution in the third world. Under his presidency, wars like in Vietnam were coasting a lot, so in order to reduce the huge United States’ deficit he chooses to expand trade between two communist giants Chinese and Soviets. The majority of Richard Nixon’s policies were liberal; his policies doubled the budgets of the new National Endowment for the Humanities and National Endowment for the Arts, on the other hand he created the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, signed major environmental legislation, and he made an effort to manage the economy using deficit spending, furthermore, he even proposed a guaranteed min. income for all
The United States was not interested in having people with different cultures, languages, and religions where an older generation of moralists thought it violate a core principle of republicanism, while a younger generation believed that the United States had a role to uplift backward societies. When the foreign policy changed after 1890, the US became an imperialist nation. After the United States bought Alaska from Russia the US quickly decided to look into overseas. Their plan was to take over other foreign lands and slowly gain an empire, and soon become a world power. The two major causes for US expansion after 1890 were for economic benefits and military control overseas.
This was a large impact because a Serbian killed him forcing Germany to against Russia. Britain would help out Russia which lead to the Americans who would supply for both sides of the war early on. How this ties into the Americans is we provided the logistical side to the British.
Presidents who shared this heritage include Andrew Jackson, Ulysses S. Grant, Woodrow Wilson, and Ronald Wilson Reagan. These people’s immigration also sparked the creation of a political movement of nativism in American politics. This would develop into the Know-Nothing Party, which will be discussed later (About.com). The Know-Nothing Party, although not present for very long, had enough success to alter American policies in one way or another. The presidents listed previously goes to show how deeply impactful the Scotch-Irish have been in American history.
War communism had a devastating impact on the peasants and proletariat in Russian society between 1918 and 1928. However, the New Economic Policy that followed the Civil War effects was opposite, raising living standards and reinstating support for the Bolshevik party. Vladimir “Lenin” Ulyanov, known as the head of the notorious Bolshevik party, introduced War Communism (1918-1921) and the NEP (1921-1928). As Martin McCauley states “If War Communism was a leap into socialism then the New Economic Policy was a leap out of socialism” The aims of War Communism and the NEP were both successful in a large number of areas, however, the effects of both policies were not all favourable.
While Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy all had the same same Cold War intention of ending communism, their ways of achieving their goal were different. The Cold War was an angry dispute between the United States and the Soviet Union about whether we should spread or contain communism (Ayres 817). According to Edward Ayres in American Anthem: Reconstruction to the Present all three Presidents used some form of Economic Aid, how we help other countries financially; Military Aid, how we help other countries’ militaries; and finally, Military Use, how we utilise our military (Ayres 817).
I learned that during the latter half of the 20th century, the United States was very involved with fighting communism, not only throughout the world, but in the Western Hemisphere as well, where it was deemed a threat to the American way of life. Rightist regimes were installed in various countries with aid from the U.S. government in order to remove this threat. Although Arditti states that the military coup and rightist regime are due to the succession of Juan Peron by his second wife, Isabell, the possibility for U.S. involvement should not be dismissed (Arditti, 1999). Furthermore, the anti-Semitism described by Arditti in these instances is present in the United States as well. Arditti mentions that many Nazis moved to Argentina after WWII, due to the large German community present there (Arditti, 1999).
The United States entered World War I for many different reasons including the Zimmerman Note, the sinking of the Lusitania, and the Russian Revolution, among other factors. The Zimmerman note influenced America to join the war because the note stated that Mexico would form an alliance with the central powers and in return the central powers would help Mexico to take back land that it lost to America in the Mexican Session. America would also not want the war to be so close to home, if Mexico did not get involved the war would stay almost entirely in Europe. The Zimmerman Note was also excellent for propaganda because it was initially published by newspapers instead of being officially released by the government. The sinking of the Lusitania
As a former Vice President, Secretary of Agriculture and Secretary of Commerce, Henry A. Wallace, a strong proponent of the New Deal and advocate of a more lenient Soviet Union policy which ultimately became controversial within the Democratic Party. Although Wallace’s criticism of President Harry S. Truman’s resulted in his dismissal, he nevertheless, actively voiced his criticisms during the Cold War. In “The Path to Peace with Russia,” Wallace criticized America’s foreign policy, while asking to judge the Soviet Union interests against those of the United States. Henry believed the United States involvement in the reconstruction of the Soviet Union could have helped the economies of both countries only if the mentality of international affairs could have been shifted. Wallace’s private letter, primarily to influence President Trumans’ thinking was achieved by creating a world where the United States was without their air bases, weapons and the atomic bomb and a Soviet Union who had “[created] a level of armed strength far exceeding anything in their previous history.”
The use of proxy wars were to ensure that a third world countries government would be a government approved by a major superpower such as the U.S or U.S.S.R.. In the secret war in laos the U.S supported the royal lao government against the Pathet Hao (doc 1b). This is significant because the people of laos did not have a say in what they wanted to do. This affected Laos because they should be able to choose what they want to believe and they should not have ideas crammed down their throats. On december 27th, 1979 afghan leader Amin was shot and killed by the soviet union, he was replaced by a soviet accepted leader Babrak kamal (doc. 9).
The Civil War was a very brutal war that left hundreds of thousands dead. The Missouri Compromise started this war by placing a boundary that did not allow future slaves North of Missouri’s southern border. In 1859, John Brown, an abolitionist, tried to start a slave uprising which created tension between the South and the North. Also in 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected President of the United States, which frustrated others because he was an abolitionist. An abolitionist is a person who doesn’t believe in slavery.