The British first took control of India in 1759, when the “East India Company,” a British corporation, used their private military to take advantage of the declining government of India, the Mughal Dynasty. After this, they exploited it for its natural wealth and imposed regulations on India’s people that helped profits, particularly after the British government got involved personally. Finally, after decades of protest and conflict, India gained independence in 1947 due to the efforts of activists such as Mohandas Gandhi and their supporters. As supporters of imperialism would argue, during this Britain maintained structured control, provided trade, and protected Indian culture. However, they restricted freedoms, imposed poverty, and destroyed
India was most impacted by British imperialism because the poverty
Imperialism is when a stronger, larger nation dominates a smaller or weaker nation politically, economically, and socially. Imperialism increased in the 19th century due to industrialization. European industry increased there need for cheaper raw materials and massive markets to sell new, finished products. Europeans also dominated the world with their advanced military weapons, to dominate Africa and other south pacific areas. The powder keg was a huge contribution to all the chaos leading up to the destruction of world war one caused.
The time period of 1750-1900 CE was a time of modernization and westernization following the Enlightenment and Age of Exploration which propelled Europe into being the central power of the world. It started off with the Industrial Revolution in Britain along with the emergence of capitalism which modernized European technology, weaponry, and ideas as well as giving them the desire for wealth all of which created a foundation for European imperialism in various parts of the world. Asia and Africa both fell victim to European imperialism, but to different extents both politically where Asia mostly retained autonomy while Africa fell under direct rule and socially where Africans fell victim to slavery and exploitation to a much greater degree
DBQ Imperialism came in a viscous roar throughout the 1900s creating a stir of trouble all while leaving great progress. A time where people were starting to trade more efficiently. When they started taking and improving the land they discovered out on a voyage. The time of imperialism was a time when people came together from different parts of the world and combined their ideas or became independent and made their own. The new comers used the land and its goods to change the ways of most of the people already living there.
European imperialism accelerated between 1870 and 1920 because of economic, political, and social forces. The Industrial Revolution stirred ambitions of European nations to follow imperialism. The economic force of the desire for resources, Britain’s “sun never sets”political force, and the social force is known as “the white man’s burden” were most responsible for the new imperialism that began in 1870 and 1920. There were several economic forces that led to a new wave of imperialism between 1870 and 1920. Countries all had a desire for resources.
Imperialism is the process in which a country extends their power over another. In the 19th century, industrialization occurred, causing specific countries to exploit other countries for their natural resources in order to maximize their profits. Because of this, continents such as Asia and Africa became imperialized. During the 20th century, multiple wars broke out, in which the imperial countries demanded service from the imperialized countries. This played a large factor in the imperialized countries wanting to become self determined.
The British worked to help preserve the environment and animals (#17).The British destroyed forests and the soil that they farmed on. After a few years the soil was degraded and the quality went down (Doc 7). This shows how even though they worked to preserve the environment, the British were really just tearing up India’s land to farm for their own crops and then ship them back to Britain. The British built 10,000 tracks and 136,000 bridges (#14). They built railways to secure their own British rule in India (#13).Even though they built lots of bridges and railroads for transportation most of it was mainly built to benefit themselves and make sure they kept their rule in
There are economic, cultural, and political are the effects of the industrial revolution and European imperialism on both European nations and their colonies during the time period 1700-1914. European nations gained oversea colonies in North and South America, Africa and Asia. The European nations conquer Africa because they needed raw materials. European-introduced European culture, language, and religion to Africa. The European opened schools in Africa, which teach in the European language and spread Christianity.
Imperialism affected imperialised peoples in both positive and negative ways. One positive way it affected a population was it increased a people 's ability to prosper. It did this through bringing medicine and education. Imperialists also set up infrastructure and governments. These nations also opened the imperialised countries up to trade.
Dylan Berg Period 7 African Scramble 1. Why India was called the “Jewel of the crown”? India was called the “Jewel in the crown” because it was the most valuable country. India had a lot of raw materials that Great Britain could use. India also had a very large population of over 300 million people.
The British made about 10,000 miles of railroad and about 136,000 bridges that benefited the Indians because they provided the necessary transportation to/from jobs and home. But, the British used the railways to transport goods to Britain to be sold there. Not only that ,but they also started mass production and sold goods for less(Doc 4). Goods like Indigo were very commonly grown in India(Gandhi + Doc 4). Indians were doing tons of manual labor to get raw materials for the British to use, while getting very little to no
Although both India and China were colonized by the British, there were many differences between the two countries and the effects imperialism had on them. In the 1600s, the British East India Company gained trading rights for the Mughal empire which was in modern day India. As the Mughal empire lost power, the East India Company
The British first came to India not only because of the abundance of raw materials, but also the mass potential they seen. The British East India Company, took advantage of the collapsing Mughal Empire, and broke away from their control to flourished their company. In 1857 the Sepoy army rebelled and that caused the British to come in guns blazing and take over the country. The British rule demolished India through, taxation on anything made in India, and the exportation of raw materials, which caused a plentiful amount of famine,and throughout all of this, the British kept most on India uneducated, and those they did educate, most were forced to become interpreters for the benefits it would make in taking over India and keeping the British in control. Political Paragraph British imperialism had a negative effect on the politics of India because of the corrupt justice system, and the utter lack of respect that killed masses of innocent people.
In terms of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), it is important to see that from the 15th to the early 19th century, India produced about 20% more than entire Western Europe. However, India, saw a substantial decrease in the GDP in the 18th century (as it had been colonized by then) and by 1913 it had been reduced to only about 20% of western Europe. And it was at its worst around the time Britain left and India gained Independence. India was the largest economy in the world for almost a thousand years before the British colonized it and guzzled all its resources only to leave it after about 300 years while making it one of the poorest countries in the world. Since we’ve seen how colonialism affected India as a colony in terms of GDP, it is also important that we see how colonialism affected the colonizers.