In a time, 1865 marked the end of Reconstruction of the North and the South after the Civil War. The start of the Second Industrial Revolution began with the invention of electrical power and mechanical engines. The United States expanded westward like never before with the creation of railroads, oil, and steel. The Election of 1896 marked a critical election when Republican William McKinley, United States President from 1897-1901, defeated his opponent in one of the most dramatic and complex elections in the young country’s history. Using the idea of American Imperialism, the United States aimed to spread their political, economic, and cultural control within the government over areas beyond their boundaries. It is in this context that farmers and industrial workers responded to industrialization in the Gilded Age from 1865-1900 in their own significant ways. Farmers organized the Granger Movement and Farmers Alliance to deal with industrialization. Industrial workers formed the Knights of Labor and American Federation of Labor in response to industrialization.
The period between 1865 to 1900, also known as the Gilded Age, was an era of rapid industrialization, immigration, and capitalization in America. After the civil war, previously used factories remained and flourished as manufacturing started to replace farming; which was possible due to vast immigration from Southern and Eastern part of Europe. With an available cheap labor source, businesses rose to great heights, and competition thrived. While companies thrived, working laborers and citizens suffered. Because industrial statesman expanded wealth and created opportunities, but also exploited workers, disrupted competition, and manipulated factors of production, it is justified to characterize the industrial leaders of the Gilded age as both
As industry exponentially grew after the Civil War, the need for labor and materials to power newly-created manufacturing giants caused new social classes to form: the rich corporation owners and the poor laborers. Unfathomably rich Robber Barons, or plutocratic American Capitalists, dominated the economy and industry and profited from the slave-like work of millions of poor laborers during this time period. Moreover, the poor working class and the rich further divided by distribution of wealth. Therefore, exploitation of capitalism widened the gap between the rich and poor classes of America, and both newly-formed classes developed reasons for the change.
Over the past few months, business has been stable throughout the colonies. The leading occupation in these colonies is farming. Although farmers produced a lot of crops, their income was dependent on the value and quality of the crop itself. Agriculture plays a vital role in American economy, and there is evidently some strengths and weaknesses in this business.
Between 1865 and 1900 American agriculture was changed through things like, government policy, technology, and economic conditions. Through 1865 and 1900, the market of agriculture experienced political adjustments in management of the land by the government whom increased prices and controlled land sales. Government also regulated economic changes with the debut of up and coming equipment and technology that greatly influenced the growth of the farming business. Many farmers reaction to the decline in agriculture due to the political and economic alterations was to become more involved in government and politics in order to favor laws that would benefit the agriculture society.
In The Worst Hard Time, the author explains how new technology led to overproduction of many crops. A tractor was able to do the work of ten horses and a combine was able to thresh grain in one swoop. A farmer’s harvest could even go up by the thousands. As the farmers made more money they bought nearby land and ripped the grass out to make more space for more crops (Doc. C). With the overproduction of land came bare fields.
Industrialization in the late 1700’s had its hardships, and its consolations. People had to live in filth and unsanitary housing tenements. Not only were these areas unsanitary, but also crowded, which added onto the already harsh conditions. Why would society live like that? During this time, factories started popping up around the world, and with factories came cities. With no efficient transportation, people had to live in the city to be close to their jobs. This was at least until railroads were invented, making travel faster and more convenient. Disease spread easily throughout the city, and it was not a safe place. Besides all these deprivations, there was some light at the end of the tunnel, a light that gave us what we have today. While some might argue that Industrialization had primarily negative consequences for society because it created a lot of hardships for people, it was
America remained mostly an agricultural society in the late 1700s (Doc. F), though that would change in the early 1800s, when a trade embargo would be placed on all European
During the Gilded Age america’s industry economy exploded generating opportunities for individuals but also leaving many farmers and workers struggling. Industrial leaders such as Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller revolutionized business and ushered in the modern corporate economy, but
Have you ever wondered what Agricultural Revolution was and if it had a positive or negative effect on human civilization? Well, the Agricultural Revolution had a huge effect on civilization. It was when humans discovered how to farm! This took place from about 10,000 B.C to about 3,000 B.C. I believe it had a positive effect on human civilization for a couple of reasons.
Poverty and corruption are only a few examples of the hardships faced by farmers in the late 19th century. When crop failures caused an economic downfall, farmers began growing an abundance of wheat to sell for a high price. When the economy recovered, however, the value of wheat dropped significantly, forcing many farmers to mortgage their land. Suddenly, farmers were faced with deinflation and debt. Agrarian discontent, which was farmers’ dissatisfaction with the way things were going for them, was a direct result of these aforementioned struggles.
Poverty and corruption are only a few examples of the hardships faced by farmers in the late 19th century. When crop failures caused an economic downfall, farmers began growing an abundance of wheat to sell for a high price. When the economy recovered, however, the value of wheat dropped significantly, forcing many farmers to mortgage their land. Suddenly, farmers were faced with deflation and debt. Agrarian discontent, which was farmers’ dissatisfaction with the way things were going for them, was a direct result of these aforementioned struggles.
After 1750s industrial revolution began and it led to advances in agricultural technology that greatly increased food production, which allow other people to pursue other work. At that time horsepower came into use and machinery like steam engine used in the agricultural process. Tractors were used for ploughing. In 1701 Jethro Tull’s used drill ways of sowing seed in rows, in the place of broadcasting. The industrial revolution changed the whole pattern of agriculture.