For example, in Document 3, it includes,"In 1381, some 35 years after the Black Death had swept through Europe decimating over one third of the population, there was a shortage of people left to work the land...Recognizing the power of ‘supply and demand’, the remaining peasants began to re-evaluate their worth and subsequently demanded higher wages and better working conditions." This proves that the Plague caused more revolts by peasants because when a lot of people died, there weren't many people to be serfs or peasants, therefore they realized that without them, Europe would not function efficiently. They realized that they are worthy and that they should have more wages and better conditions. For example, it was like a few gas station employees wanting to strike because their manager wasn't paying them enough. As they wanted more wages they started revolts against the government and the lords and as they protested the government realized that they we in trouble.
Introduction The First Industrial Revolution The First Industrial Revolution, which peaked during the late 18th century, started a new phase in human history, despite the terrible working conditions and unfair treatments in the factory. The First Industrial Revolution, which started the technological development in Europe during 1760 to 1830, was largely limited to Britain. Inventions such as Spinning Jenny and the power loom that boosted the speed of the production required the factories to employ more workers, which resulted in urbanization (Britannica). By the middle of the industrialization, rural families in Britain started to move to the cities with the hope of pleasant life. But the reality was not as hopeful as they had thought.
The cotton gin is one of the early centuries’ inventions that changed world history politically, socially, and economically, for good and for worst. It is supposedly said that Eli Whitney’s invention – the cotton gin came into existence after knowing of the cotton planters’ grief of the overwhelming burdening work it was to clean cotton seeds. Having been patented in 1794, the cotton gin increased cotton production form 3000 bales annually in 1790 to 400, 000 bales of cotton annually. During this time between 300 and 1000 tons were produced per slave daily. Upon Louisiana Land purchase in 1830, 4 million bales were produced annually, consequently this made a huge contribution to the national basket.
England's primary fuel source in the late 1600s was wood, but as the steam engine entered mass production, coal became a popular fuel. The development of the steam engine acted as a catalyst in the Industrial Revolution, placing England on top of the world in production and exportation of coal. This new piece of technology would allow England to improve her communication with the established and growing colonies. Beginning in the early 1700s, three British scientists invented and enhanced the steam engine as technology improved to allow the British Empire to increase and revolutionize coal mining. This ultimately transformed the British economy and way of life, both were vastly dependent on agriculture.
America was thrown into desperation as the stock market crumbled, marking the official beginning of the worst economic crash in the history of the world. Banks shut down, people became bankrupt and the number of unemployed reached one-quarter of the workforce. Farmers needed to produce more goods for the same amount of money; which led to a huge seven-year drought. ‘The dirty thirties.’ When thousands of workers migrated to California with a hope of achieving ‘The American Dream.’ Steinbeck was interested in those who strived for a better life and those who had hopes and dreams. George and Lennie have these dreams, the dream to “get a little stake” and to “live off the fatta the lan’” But what binds them together is their trust that keeps them moving.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the United States was booming with new industrial innovations because of new technologies, and it was becoming one of the leading economies in the world. This economic boom came to a sharp halt as events such as the Great Depression and the Dust Bowl hit, causing millions of Americans to face economic struggles. “The Strenuous Life,” a speech given by Theodore Roosevelt, displays the ideas of American work ethics that led to economic growth in the early 1900s. These ideals of work ethic not only prompted the cause of the Dust Bowl, but were continued on into the lives of the affected farmers as Americans displaced and in poverty from this event continued to participate in migrant work with awful living
Nonetheless, without this game changing invention, the world as we know it would be a completely different place. As this is arguably one of the single most important inventions of the industrial revolution, the steam engine facilitated significant advances in the fields of mining, agriculture, transportation, and manufacturing. In the early 17th century the steam engine was developed to solve one problem; how to remove water from flooded mines. Due to the fact that Europeans switched from wood to coal as their main source of fuel, the demand for coal increased at an incredibly high rate. At the age of twenty- eight James Watt was credited with discovering how to engineer the world's first steam engine.
Key Concept 7.1 I. In what way did the United States continue to industrialize during this time and what caused this industrialization? During this time, the United States continued its industrialization as people moved from farms to cities and small farms were consolidated into large farms. Though both rural and urban areas grew, urban areas generally grew faster, going from 20% to 68% urban population during this time period. Despite more than 1 million farms being claimed during this under the Homestead Act, areas such as the Imperial Valley of California consolidated small farms into commercial enterprises during this same period, and rural areas simply could not keep up with urban areas in terms of growth.
Although the Victorian Era was known for its economic growth, the truth behind the hardships that children faced in order to survive were heartbreaking. With Queen Victoria’s sixty-four-year reign, England’s population doubled, having more money than ever before (Glencoe 907/Glencoe 916). However, with this growth, became the struggle of raising children. The “probability of becoming abandoned became greater because the work doubled for the single parent in trying to sustain the family” (Nierendorf). Victorians believed in the value of work, being known as “the workshop of the world” (Glencoe 907).
The Impact of the Early Industrial Revolution Changes in society, politics, and economy were found due to the Industrial Revolution. Due to industrialization, towns and cities grew so fast with towns and cities increasing their population such as a twentyfold increase in Manchester. The Industrial Revolution led to an increase in deforestation so that land would be cleared to make new factories. Industrialization offered new opportunities for work, however, few were successful and the jobs were boring and repetitive along with the long work days. Industrialization made society change to distinguish people as either the rich or the poor.
The 19th century market revolution “transformed a subsistence economy of scattered farms and tiny workshops into a national network of industry and commerce.” Technological advances like the cotton gin and the McCormick reaper, invented in 1793 and 1831, respectively, “made ambitious capitalists out of humble plowmen”; meanwhile, a transportation revolution between 1815 and 1860 gave rise to a “truly continental economy” as trains, steamships, and the Pony Express joined the entire nation in an “intimate commercial union,” cutting transport costs by an average of 90 percent. But while prosperity increased overall, the market revolution also “widened the gulf between the rich and the poor.” While so-called ‘captains of industry’ made millions, unskilled urban workers were brutally exploited by their ruthlessly competitive capitalist overlords, suffering from long hours, low wages, and inadequate nourishment. Furthermore, work became a drudgery rather than a meaningful endeavor. Creative handcrafting was replaced by mindless assembly-line work at a power loom or some machine; the “intimate and friendly” association between an apprentice and his master gave way to the
In 1877, The United States was on the rise of the industrialization; America rapidly expanded, immigrants moved to the “melting pot,” and the nation became economically advanced. In July of 1776, the thirteen American colonies declared their independence and the nation was the “ United States of America.” The Americans wanted to be free form Great Britain because they wanted sovereignty and did not want allegiance with Britain. In 1803, the U.S. first purchased the Louisiana Territory from France for fifteen million dollars, which doubled the size of the land. The expansion happened quickly and allowed the nation to grow in power because America had more resources. The U.S. added fifteen parts of states to their territory for about forty-two