World War I ended in 1918 with the victorious Allied powers, and the peace-promising Treaty of Versailles. However, this treaty 's peace did not last long as its unrealistic demands caused strong resentment within the Central powers against the Allied powers. Territorial losses, reparation payments, and inflation all left Europe in economic ruins. The damage and destruction that resulted from World War I paved a clear path that allowed for World War II to occur. It began in 1933 when Adolf Hitler gained power and, with the help of the Nazi Party, turned Germany in a totalitarian dictatorship. Germans ' appeal of Hitler and the Nazi Party in the early 1930s was due to their nationalistic senses, Hitler 's magnetism, as well as the possibility
World War I was not the the most destructive war, or the “Great War,” as some have called it, and was definitely not the war to end all wars, but it was the war to change how people viewed the world in the 20th Century. The declaration of war brought enthusiasm and excitement into people’s hearts as waves of nationalism moved across Europe. World War I, which began in 1914, was thought to be a “rapid war that would and within the few months, likely by Christmas” with relatively few casualties. That, however, did not happen as fighting did not stop until 1918. In the short span of four years, shock and disbelief loomed over not just the soldiers coming back home from the battlefield, but citizens that once welcomed war.
The war increased women’s work, caused children to evacuate, and affected British soldiers’ families. Firstly, women in Britain took over jobs that men had before they joined the army. When the men joined the British Army, women stayed at home and were confronted with many obstacles. They had to work in factories.
Men were always the workers within the family, the ones that were expected to provide for their families. When they went to war, their role within community life needed to be filled. That is when their wives, daughters, and sisters stepped up and took over. “In addition to caring for their families, [women] were left to supervise businesses and farms while the men were away fighting” (Senker). Women were already cooking, cleaning, and caring for their children, but still made time to work and provide as a father figure every single day.
Likewise, Bruley strengthens the argument that ‘One of the ironies of war is that women on whole emerged in 1918 healthier and enjoyed a higher standard of living than in 1914’. Bruley’s view has limited validity because women proved that being employed helped them mentally and physically as work occupied their mind and not their husbands. This helped them build communities of support for their love ones in war. Women were unifying as unmarried mothers, who were usually shunned away in society, were allowed to return to work, although at Woolwich children of these women were cared for in a separate nursery from children of married women. This shows that within society their status now affected them rather than their gender as ‘war made them see women’s traditional roles as wives and mothers as even more
At first, there was refusal towards hiring women for what was known as ‘men’s work’, once conscription was introduced in 1916, the need for women workers was crucial. Women started working in areas such as railway guards and ticket collectors, buses and tram conductors, postal workers, police, firefighter and as bank ‘tellers’ and clerks. Some even worked on heavy machinery. Nonetheless, women earned lower wages for doing the same work, and then demands for equal pay began. Since women were paid less than men, people worried that when the men would come back from the war,
The mid-20th century was a time of great change for American and British women. As World War 2 began, many men were enlisted into the military to protect and sever their country. They were sent overseas, and many did not return home. However, while they were away, there was still work needed to be done on the home front. Women had made a huge contribution to this, and this notion usually goes unnoticed.
The Effect of Women on the Outcome of World War Two World War II effected women tremendously by taking them out of their comfort zones and chucking them into the work force and pushing them to do most of the work men normally would have been doing. The war also effected women by providing opportunities for them to serve in non-traditional roles; in fact, some of them enlisted into the military to serve the United States. The way the war effected women is that they had to take care of family in addition to performing work normally done by men. It was difficult to find people to watch after kids which made life during this time very difficult. After the end of World War II society in general was effected considering the baby boom.
WORLD WAR 1 ERA AMERICAN WOMEN August 15, 1917 Women take over men 's jobs By: Alexander Rodriguez Before entering the war women were only housewives but it all changed when the United States joined the war. American women started replacing men 's jobs as the men left their jobs to go serve for the United States in the war. The number of employed women raised by a lot in many industries. “There has been a sudden influx of women into such unusual occupations as bank clerks, ticket sellers, elevator operator, chauffeur, street car conductor, railroad trackwalker, section hand, locomotive wiper and oiler, locomotive dispatcher, block operator, drawbridge attendant, and employment in machine shops, steel mills, powder and ammunition
World War I was not the the most destructive war, or the “Great War,” as some have called it, and was definitely not the war to end all wars, but it was the war to change how people viewed the world in the 20th Century. The declaration of war brought enthusiasm and excitement into people’s hearts as waves of nationalism moved across Europe. World War I, which began in 1914, was thought to be a “rapid war that would and within the few months, likely by Christmas” with relatively few casualties. That, however, did not happen as until 1918. In the short span of four years, shock and disbelief loomed over not just the soldiers coming back home from the battlefield, but citizens that once welcomed war.
For so long, women were thought to be unable to do the things that only men did, such as serving in the military. Women stayed home with their children, while men went to war. Things changed after First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt urged Congress to authorize women to serve in the military. After women were allowed to serve in the war, men who had performed clerical and office jobs during the war were able to move to the battlefield. It was a transforming moment for women, as women entered WWII as pilots, nurses or factory workers and altered the role of women, affording them more rights, and allowing them to express more freedom, redefining women as independent members of society.
With many of the men going off to help with the war effort, many factories were running out of people manufactured their products especially war materials. With less men available to work everyday, the government created propaganda which aimed women. The governmnet convinced more and more women to join the workforce. For example, Rosie the Riveter became an important symbol of World War Two that focuses on the fact that women are strong individuals and also maintained their femininity while at work.
Many woman had to gave up their husband, son or brother, because they had to fight for the country. The women had to take over the jobs that men would usually do while take care of the family. The government thought women were less in value then men, but because they took over the jobs that men would do the government changed their opinion that women can be good for sonmething. This was the first change in the position of women. Three quarter of the women in the United Kingdom were before the war housewife and a qaurter worked outside of the house.
During WWll, men were drafted and they had to leave their jobs behind, this gave women an opportunity to pick up the slack (Gourley 3). This also left women to juggle being a housewife and the work they did in the men’s absence, resulting in 1 out of 4 women having a job as well as being a housewife during WWll (3). However, after the war men went back to work and some women went back to just being a housewife. Not all women, however, went back to the house; the percent of women working in a professional field increased from 11.9% to 14.2% in 1920 (Deutsch 2). Women kept jobs such as telephone operators and secretaries, leaning towards a more developed job instead of being a housemaid (2).
The art, music, books and other thing were inspired in the war. The nationalism in some countries make more marked by the winners or the losers of the war. The feeling of the hopeless was strong in the countries with damage, the war marked an era inside Europe. Role and status of women in 20th century war During the war, the women stay in home, not fighting directly but fighting. The women enter in the society and start to work for men, while the men were inside the war, the women allowed this will be possible because the people that stay and work were they.