First, Calvin argues that man is doomed with total depravity because of the original sin committed by Adam and Eve. Second, he believes in unconditional election that determines who will be saved and who will be condemned. Third, he understands there to be limited atonement, meaning that Jesus did not die for everyone. Fourth, Calvin argues that irresistible grace is offered to God’s chosen elect. And last, he states that there is a perseverance of saints, therefore all who are saved are saved for eternity.
Augustine, in his work The Perfection of Human Righteousness, combatted the heresy of Pelagianism as described by Caelestius in his treatise, The Definitions Attributed to Caelestius. Following Pelagius, Caelestius by logic and Scripture argued that the Fall did not destroy man’s natural capability to do right. Caelestius argued that God made us free to do the good and thus we all have the power not to sin, and that both the devil and Adam’s original sin are unable to destroy this power. As proof Caelestius gave examples of Old Testament saints who he claimed lived holy lives. Augustine refutes Caelestius’ ideas by using Scripture to show that we are righteous only by the grace of God through Jesus Christ.
Although they were both christian puritans, John Eliots views were thatit was his civic duty to help the Indians by forcing his religion upon them, while Roger Williams though it was his civic duty to help the Indians get religious liberty. An example of Eliot forcing his religion on the Indians is seen when Governor John Endecott came away from the Natick settlement where John Eliot worked with the Indians amazed, he said “The Foundation is laid, and one that I verily beleeve the gates of Hell shall never prevaile against…. I could hardly refrain tears from very joy to see their diligent attention to the word first taught by one of the indians, who before his Exercise prayed…. With such reverence, zeale, good affection, and distinct utterance, that I could not but admire(Jarvis 57).” This shows Eliot forced his religion upon the Indians because they were
The text shows that John Calvin believed in predestination and election. According to John Calvin predestination is a decree from God that is unchangeable that he made before the creation of the world that he would save some people freely which he called the elect which gave to them eternal life, and the others which he called the reprobate would not be given access to salvation they would have eternal death. His reasoning behind predestination is best described by him in a few different ways. For the most part he said that there was no basis for election outside of God he said that God gave election ” in himself” in that he based his beliefs of predestination on “nothing outside of himself”. John Calvin also believe that the main purpose of predestination is that God would be glorified in praise of the elect for his grace and mercy and in wonderful judgment of the reprobates.
Stating that he should not tempt God. Because Luke 4:12 says “it is said, thou shalt not tempt the lord thy God.” But the Grand Inquisitor says that Christ should have given the people a miracle, for most people need to see the miraculous things from the person they worship to believe and have faith. Man needs a supernatural being to worship, and Christ refused to appear as
Although the Bible emphasises the sacredness of human life, as being made in the image of God, Joseph Fletcher argues from a Liberal Christian perspective. He argues in his ethical theory that the greatest Agape or love of one’s neighbour is shown to result in certain situations.In the context of euthanasia he would argue that the greatest Christian compassion should be shown to the sufferers in the final stages of terminal illness as well as the greatest Agape for the family, who are also suffering. In this sense, situation ethics seems to support active, voluntary and involuntary euthanasia, as it shows the greatest Christian compassion in the circumstances.
Christianity and Hinduism outwardly oppose euthanasia. However, their reasoning behind this common point of view both aligns and differs. For Christians, euthanasia contradicts the belief that life is a gift from God and therefore inherently valuable, created in God’s image and imbued with the Holy Spirit. For Christians, the euthanizer disobeys the commandment “thou shalt not kill” and the euthanized disobeys the Biblical stance on suicide. Furthermore, euthanasia intrudes upon God’s planned cycle of life and death.
Christianity emphases on the trust of life after death as a central and indispensable view of their faith, nevertheless an extensive range of ideas are present. Christianity is the belief in God but more importantly, it is the belief that he sent his one and only son to save us from our coming judgment of God. "For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.” (Bible John 3:16) Therefore, most Christians follow the notion that Jesus perished on the cross for the immoralities of civilization, so that we could attain salvation. Salvation means reclamation from the power of sin and in concrete terms people need God’s salvation in order to get into heaven. Jesus'
Through King’s teaching we learn his belief that the view and trust you have of God influences human nature. King believed that in order to accomplish a greater good we must have faith in God. God will give them the strength they need once there is trust and faith with him. Martin Luther King Jr. Christian beliefs ultimately influenced his view on human nature. King believed that even though humans are wired to do evil and harm, God is trying to stop the evil from spreading.
Calvin believes that God deals with an individual and not a group. Hence, he chooses one depending on the plans that he has for them. The third point of Calvinism is limited atonement. This stipulates that Jesus died for the sins of each and every human being. However, their sins will be washed away by the blood of Jesus as long as they respond to the election.
John Winthrop’s “A Model of Christian Charity” showed that the people valued their God most importantly for their God was their only hope in surviving in a new environment. Jonathan Edwards’ “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” was said very seriously and was taken seriously by the people who listened to the sermon. Edwards focused on a lot towards how sinners will be punished by God and will suffer an eternal punishment if they did not change their ways. Qualities shown were very serious and religious to achieve a well functioning society. George Washington’s Rules of Civility were also serious and showed that people must show the qualities of honesty, respectfulness, and self discipline.
In part II of Lewis book he describes several different scenarios of Christians beliefs. He first talked about the difference between Christian Pantheism and the Christian idea of God. (pp.36). I myself as a Christian believe that God is beyond good and evil, that he is good and righteous, he loves love and hates hatred. Whereas, in Pantheism, one believes that God is part of the universe, without the universe God would not exist.
Thomas Pain’s catalytic words of the modern theology Thomas Pain argues for a more individualistic form of monotheism while the puritans believe that only their god should be prayed to. The puritan religion was unique from the rest of the world because they held the Sabbath in true Old Testament fashion. Thomas in his last offering to his fellow citizens of all nations does not hold back his religious believes in this very unpopular (at the time) literature. He states “In the general wreck of superstition, “false systems of government and false theology, we lose sight of morality, of humanity and of the theology that is true.” (653) At first this was very hard for people to accept until long after Thomas had passed, over time people had
Heaven is upon us here on earth, and the devil is using every bit of power he has left before being cast out for good, and Jesus returns to claim his new world. My favorite part of the book was when Wright started to address some misconceptions of the good news. One in particular that really stood out to me was the misconception that heaven is a place far away, and that as Christians we should live a life that is pleasing enough to God in order to reach
God gave you agency or the power to make choices. He let you choose whether to follow His plan. Mormons believe that Satan was one of God’s spirit children who rebelled against God and did not accept His plan. Satan and his followers were not allowed to be born on Earth and tempt God’s children to do things that bring unhappiness and do not please God. They accept that because of our choice to have faith in Jesus and follow God’s plan we were born on earth and by making these same choices we can find peace and be able to return to live with God after life is over.