Decentralization And Local Government In Ethiopia

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Decentralization is enabling local governments to provide quality and efficient services for the local community; it increases the efficiency and responsiveness of government and enhances people Participation in the decision-making processes and facilitates service delivery at local levels, Since 1991, Ethiopia has followed new socio economic and political directions with a policy that potentially allowed self-determination of the various nations, nationalities and peoples. The foundation for a decentralized form of governance in the country has lain down by the 1995 FDRE constitution, which established national, regional states and defined the powers of the federal and regional governments. This has become the framework of instituting a decentralized approach. In addition, since 2001 Ethiopia began to adopt a decentralized form of local governance characterized by devolution. Decentralization has been instituted at Wereda level in different regions of the country. However, municipalities did not recognize as an autonomous legal entity in the second wave of decentralization. Nevertheless, the provision of FDRE constitution opens the room to the states for the establishment of the municipalities, but the regional states did not recognize the municipal governments in their regional constitution. As a result, many regional governments established their municipalities by enacting municipal law. However, many numbers of the literature disclosed that urban local governments are

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