Decentralization In The Philippines

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WHAT IS DECENTRALIZATION? There are several definitions of decentralization however, in the text book Philippine Politics and Governance: An Introduction contributed by Atienza acknowledged that the definition according to Rondinelli and Cheema it is the, “transfer of planning, decision making, or administrative authority from the central government to its field organizations, local governments, and nongovernmental organizations” (p. 416). TYPES OF DECENTRALIZATION In general, there are four types of decentralization. And according to the World Bank these include the following: 1. POLITICAL – It allows the people or their elected representatives to have more power in public decision-making. It can also support democratization by granting the people involved more influence in the formulation and implementation of policies. 2. ADMINISTRATIVE – It seeks to reallocate authority, responsibility and financial resources for providing public services among different levels of government. 3. FISCAL – local governments and private organizations must have a sufficient level of revenues – whether it is raised locally or transferred from the central government– as well as the permission to make decisions about expenditures. 4. ECONOMIC OR MARKET – it pertains to the privatization and deregulation since they transfer responsibility for functions from the public to the private sector. FORMS OF DECENTRALIZATION IN THE PHILIPPINES In the Philippines it mostly follows the Administrative

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