Difference Between Leadership And Decision Making

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LEADERSHIP AND DECISION-MAKING STYLES AMONGST PHYSICIANS-IN-TRAINING IN OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL, IFE-IFE, OSUN STATE

Leadership has been defined as the process of motivating people to work together collaboratively to accomplish great things (Vroom & Jago, 2007). This definition gives some indication that leadership is a process of doing something and not a status. Several academic articles have acknowledged that leadership is expedient for effective development in the healthcare industry (Cooney Jr, Landers, & Williams, 2002; Hamlin, 2005). Although no definitions of leadership is universal, true leadership irrespective of its settings demonstrates the abilities to articulate a vision or goal, communicates this vision
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It is the process of generating and evaluating alternatives and making choices among them. Decision-making for physicians is often a technical affair requiring following well prescribed pathways. However, there are still many instances when individual differences amongst physicians determine the specific decision made. Decision making for physician can be viewed from two perspectives. One is discretionary, which focuses on the nature decision making inclination of individuals which is not necessary influenced by technical knowledge and training. An example of this is the inventory by Johnson, Coscarelli, & Johnson (2007) that assesses rational and intuitive decision making. The second perspective is clinical decision making that is guided by technical knowledge in a particular field (Charles, Gafni, & Whelan, 1999). The aim of this study is to assess the leadership styles and decision-making practices amongst physicians-in-training in Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Ife-Ife with a view to compare the association between their leadership styles and decision-making styles. An understanding of the influence of leadership skills of physicians on how they make personal and medical/clinical decisions will help to know areas of deficiencies. This can feed into improvement of the curriculum of postgraduate medical education and ultimately help to create better health care…show more content…
The mean scores and standard deviation for each the leadership styles were derived. Further, analysis of variance (ANOVA) with Bonferroni post hoc test was carried out to test the association between the leadership style scores and the respondents’ decision making
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