Decision Support Systems (DSS)

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Decision Support Systems (DSS)

1. Abstract: Decision making plays a very important role in the organisation. The organisation may be any industry, company or a factory. The success of organisation depends on the decision taken by the organisation. Decision is a kind of judgement to select the best one from available action. Basically decision support system is a system which supports the decisions of management in the organisation. The system supports the decisions taken by the management of the organisation for the success of the organisation. {0}

2. Introduction:
Decision support systems (DSS) are a class of computerized information system that support decision-making activities. Decision support systems are designed artefacts that have
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Model Base Management System:
This system is divided into two major parts:
 Pre written Computer Program: It may include mathematical and standard models as well as special program developed for an individual manager and organisation or an industry. In addition the model base includes the simulation program and sensitivity analysis routine.
 Model building blocks: Some of pre written programs and sub routines can be used to construct an application. The model base management system is a software system that records updates and changes the data manipulation. It is capable of creating relations between the updates and the database.
4.3. Decision Making Model:
• It consists of identifying the problems,
• After identifying what the problem is the decision maker must get a data and separate them from opinions.
• Then understand the problem, to generate solutions and test solution for the feasibility. (Normally a problem can be solved in many ways. If there is only one alternative no decision is required. But in any rational decision making process the manager should not jump on to work single proposal without considering all the
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• Data retrieval capability.
Above all
• Improve personal efficiency
• Expediting problem solving
• Facilitating interpersonal communications
• Promoting learning and training
• Increasing organizational control{5}

7. Disadvantages of Decision Support System:
Decision Support System can create advantages for organizations and can have positive benefits, however building and using Decision Support System can create negative outcomes in some situations.
1. Monetary cost: Some analysis for Decision Support System needs the advance of data analysis, statistics, econometrics and information system, so it is the high cost to hire the specialists to set up the system.
2. Information overload: Too much information is a major problem for people and many Decision Support System increase the information load. Although this can be a problem, Decision Support System can help managers organize and use information.
3. Transfer of power
4. Assumption of relevance {6}

8. Why use computerized DSS?
Computerized DSS can facilitate decision via:
• Speedy computations
• Improved communication and collaboration
• Increase productivity of group members
• Improve data management
• Quality support
• Using web anywhere anytime
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