Lesson 1: Introduction to career and guidance counselling • 5 stages of career development Lesson 3: Career Choice • It is not about how smart you are, it’s how you are smart. • You only success if you know how to be smart. Through this reflection, it has closely linked to the concept of learning from experience. Reflection has greatly help with my learning both as a student and in relation to my work and life experiences. I have become aware of useful strategies to deal with issue with the counselling technique.
For example, during the first few sessions with a client, a counselor may place the primary emphasis on building a positive counseling relationship, assessment and diagnosis, and formulating counseling goals. During the later phase of the counseling process, the counselor may shift the emphasis to intervention and problem solving, termination and follow-up, and research and
Self actualisation is another strength to this form of therapy as it “helps the client to fully concentrate on themselves and guide in decision making for growth and develop into an honest, selfless and independent person” according to Mearns (1994). This helps the client to have autonomy, gives them self growth and self acceptance and all of which I feel are necessary for Gloria. Rogers strives on having a good relationship between the client and therapist whereas Ellis believes that this is not necessary for effective counselling session or for personality change. However, the negative side to person-centred counselling could be that the client is not challenged by anyone as the therapist does not give opinions or suggestions. There is no structure to the therapy session and therefore it relies on the client to be heavily involved in the counselling session and this maybe too optimistic for some clients as they are not getting answers, so they may find it hard to progress.
Over the past one and half month, the class of PDE 502 (Counselling and Career Education) has taught me some major lessons for life in dealing with the clients in response to their emotional needs. The role of a counsellor is not unlike that of a friend where by it is nurtured by being in each other’s company, talking over everyday issues and sharing feelings. However, what sets a counsellor apart is their experience and the ability to apply counselling theories and techniques to assist people in gaining awareness, insight and explore ways of solving their own issues. The purpose of this reflection is to reflect upon the use of counselling skills, which I have applied in the role-play with the goal of establishing healthy rapport building.
The role of counselling or psychotherapy is a “means of gaining access to cultural resources that can be used to solve or resolve problems in living and to construct a life that has meaning and purpose”. (McLeod, J. 2005). Cultural resources from a pluralistic stance focus on the strengths of a client (Duncan, Miller and Sparks, 2004). They are viewed as both a form of resilience and strength, but also as a means by which a client can be connected to a social network outside of the therapy room.
Self-Evaluation on Counselling Session (One) Session start with a warmth greeting, by asking client ‘How can I address you?”, to be honest I felt nervous at the beginning of the session, too focus or particular on the name of client, client actually felt uncomfortable. I can just follow the flow and address whatever name client point out and start with small talk will be a good idea such as asking about his experience of travelling to the centre for his counselling session. Thereupon, I briefly explained the length of time of the session, confidentiality and the limitation. I believe that I deliver a clear message to the client. Questions need to be appropriate to the situation and Armstrong (2006) offers ways of applying different types of
In relation to the two theoretical models of counseling being discussed, the therapeutic relationships differ from one model to the other. Within both models, the client and therapist hold different roles (Corey, 2009). In client-centered therapy, the relationship between client and counselor is crucial (Tudor & Worrall, 2006) because the therapy is centered towards the client, as the client is the focal point of the therapy. Due to this, the therapist must ensure that respect, genuineness, and empathy towards the client are maintained. The relationship must be equal as it is crucial in aiding behavior change in the client (Wilkins, 2010).
Rather it is referred to as a metaphysical framework that presents a general method of planning life and career development. In the youth worldwide there are two cases; either they do not possess the required career information or they have the career information; instead, they lacked basic motivation and confidence to use the information more effectively in making career decisions. Consequently, the need for counselling approaches that empowered young minds to construct their own life and career stories was felt. Therefore, constructivist approaches gained prominence among career counsellors and the focus was shifted on empowering clients to shape their own choices in life and career by comprehending their own realities. Following the pre-emptive constructivist framework, there are some core counselling dimensions that are given due diligence by career counselors.
Empathy allows the nurse to relate to the client’s pain or distress. Listening to the client speak about an experience, allows the nurse to imagine how they felt. Different types of therapeutic communication skills help the nurse to be empathetic towards the client. Nurses should be non-judgemental when they are with a client. They should respect the client despite their mental health backgrounds.
Counselling skills are initiated in order to help the person to talk, making sense of their situation, developing these ideas about what the counsellor can do, and out these ideas into action. Individuals think, feel and react in different ways. By integrating different ways of helping people bring change in their lives, a counsellor can work with each client to produce a unique therapy adapted to suit what that client wants, and