The reforms of China’s healthcare systems make this country an importance case for studying the effects of UHC reforms on equity. However, the Chinese government has noticed an increase in health inequalities based on income and geographical location of the residents. Seeing that the government has introduced a numerous measures to improve the healthcare system, including new insurance scheme as well as reforms targeting the primary sector, public hospitals, and pharmaceuticals. Notably, the new health insurance schemes covering a huge and previously uninsured population groups are major reforms in China’s UHC history. For example, in 2003 more than half of Chinese population was uninsured, but after reforms in 2011 more than 90% of the population entitled to some kind of insurance.
The aim of JCAH is not only a quality assessment in itself but also finding the ways to improve medical quality. Specific standards that were first used in the US to control the sanitary condition and the conditions of patients in the hospitals, later on, were formed in the accreditation procedure. Today Joint Commission is the largest and most authoritative accreditation organization, not only in the US but also around the
Mercy hospital provides care to the patients. Due to the increase in the workload of the internal and external stakeholders, it was essential for the mercy hospital to increase the size of its IT department so that the underlying hospital has increased the size of its IT department two years ago in order to fulfill the growing needs. In order to perform the functions of the IT department more effectively, the board of directors of the mercy hospital added the new senior vice president. According to the point of view of the board of directors, the addition of the senior vice president will help the IT department to perform its functions with more quality and the issues faced by the IT department will be easily resolved. The hiring of the senior vice president is the best opportunity for the mercy hospital in order to solve the problems faced by the IT department of the underlying hospital (Cooley et.al, 2014).
As cancer continued to become more prevalent, health care providers and researchers were forced to further investigate the biology, development, and treatment of cancer. The interaction of cancer outside the realm of molecular and cellular biology became apparent in the mid 1900’s and has since found importance in the fields of psychology, neuropsychology, and psychosocial oncology (Holland, 2002). The field of psychosocial oncology finally became established in the 1970’s, when the stigma of cancer shifted, and patients felt comfortable sharing their experience (Holland, 2002). Social workers and nurses were the first health care professionals to attend to the psychological needs of
The 1960s brought about immense changes in health care, including the creation of both Medicare, health insurance for citizens 65 and older, as well as Medicaid, health insurance for poor, lower income citizens. Between 1990 and 2000, the cost of health care continued to rise and some states enacted reform laws to expand coverage. Finally, in 2010, Obama signed the Affordable Care Act, which became the healthcare system still in place today. Obamacare made many changes to the law, including making preventative care free, allowing young adults to stay on their parents’ plan until age 26, providing coverage for people with preexisting conditions, requiring employers with 50 or more full time employees to offer health insurance, and expanding
Medicalization is being more and more serious around the world. And it is also affecting the function of the society and making changes, like increase dominance of doctor, expanding medical domain. Medicalization is related to everyone who live in the world, we might also affect by the new rules or norms caused by medicalization. We should take more attention on this issue and find out the possible solution to the medicalization.
Introduction The twentieth century was a period introducing many breakthroughs in medicine. Large part of the medical discoveries and newly developed procedures of the mentioned time are influencing the illness treatment even today. The role of this paper is not to make an extensive overview on those discoveries but to focus the attention on the changes that occurred in the field of surgery. Typical surgical procedure involves the incision of the body in order to treat desired part leading to a lot of pain, possible blood loss, infections, scars, and long convalescence. The consequences mentioned might occur in even higher degree if the considered case is internal surgery.
The future of advanced practice registered nurses is in their ability to fill the gaps in health care delivery. A major gap is in the shortage of primary care providers. This shortage has partially been created by the rising number of individuals over 65 years of age due to the aging of the 'Baby Boomer' generation. In the next two decades the number of adults over 65 will increase by 45% and the number of people over 100 will be seven times higher (Centre for Diet and Activity Research, 2013). The impact of this phenomenon is felt throughout the medical field.
It has become a dominant tool for transforming patients active co-operation, creating new medicines, expanding labour forces and contributing the better results. For example, “Health indicators such as life expectancy and mortality have significantly improved. Diseases like small pox and polio have been eradicated.” (Technologies, 2017). This is clearly shown that the healthcare system in India has improved due to the advancement of technologies. • In 1978, World Health Organization (WHO)’s Alma-Ata Declaration established “Health for All” to achieve the vision of universal health care coverage.
As the facility begins to expand the services lines provided within the organization they could also recruit top physicians and other clinicians who specialize in oncology and other services. The organization could potentially expand the hospital so that it can provide more beds and private rooms for patients who come to the facility to receive their oncologic care. The hospital can continue to participate in and advance research opportunities that will propel the organization as the number one competitor and innovator of cancer research. Fox Chase Cancer Center takes the initiative to invest in its employees by provides continuing education opportunities for its clinical staff to ensure continued professional growth. This is an awesome tactic to maintain a low employee turn-over rate.
Research institutes began to provide professional scientist with the equipment, money, and space to conduct experiments, which lead to improvements of scientific instruments, such as the microscope and the thermometer, and led to the invention of the ophthalmoscope (used for looking inside of the eye through the lense of the eye) and the sphygmograph, which was used to measuring a patient’s blood pressure (Medical Advances Timeline). These improved instruments and new instruments contributed to new and better understandings of the human
For example, CAQ’s have the potential to improve employment opportunities for many PAs. Dearani and Nowak (2015) argue that “Today’s health care paradigm has to reconcile millions of newly insured Americans with an aging population battling chronic conditions and a shortage of physician specialists… Certified PAs must have the education, experience and skills to deliver quality specialty care” (p. 6). CAQ’s are a way for specialty PAs to formally demonstrate their proficiency and advanced knowledge. In addition, according to Danielsen (2009), Governmental agencies like the Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality (AHRQ), and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) are heightening focus on patient safety and risk management. Therefore, the growing diversity of practicing PAs needs to ensure patient quality of care.
I surprised to learn two things: • Pharmacist play major role in multidisciplinary health care system. • Pharmacist in direct contact with healthcare provider and make immense impact on population • They are the health reformers who focus on patient care services to achieve better health care.
Managed care system altered the marketing strategies of health care providers. According to Conklin, 2002, American health care system started seeing many changes that represented major shifts involved in moving from an indemnity plans, based primarily on what the patient wanted, to a managed care system that changed the course of direction of cost effective healthcare strategies. Hospitals and other healthcare institutions are changing the overall approach to reap higher dividends by integrating the services of clinicians. Clinical integration involves initiatives aimed at achieving greater coordination around a single clinical condition or procedure to fully-integrated hospital systems with closed staffs engaging in the most cost effective way in providing care to the patients, American Hospital Association. As far as home care setting is concerned, I can say that there were lot of changes occurred in patient care in last 5 years to improve revenue without compromising patient care.
Now with the existence of Medicare and Medicaid, many Americans are getting insured and the cost of care is rapidly increasing. To keep costs down, President Richard Nixon signs into law the Health Maintenance Organization Act to support health maintenance organizations (HMO). HMO is responsible for the financing and delivery of comprehensive health services for a prepaid, fixed fee for those who are enrolled (Shultz & Young, 2014). During this time, we also see the establishment of health insurance for federal workers and health insurance for the dependents of the Armed