This method recognises the hypothetical and variable elements in order to ensure that reliable and appropriate information is gathered for the study. Moreover, descriptive research design focuses on the use of the statistical or numerical method in order to analyse the information gathered. The answers to the research questions such as where, when, how, what, and others that are associated with the research problem is achieved with the help of this research design. Furthermore, descriptive is the research design that assists in gathering a wide range of information in order to analyse the research aim and objective in depth. This is the most effective research design that contributes in converting the textual information into the statistical format.
Research is a way of gathering information and acquiring knowledge whether from the traditional sources or scientific method. However, scientific methods are more orderly process because it combines induction, deduction, observation and hypothesis testing into a set of reflective thinking activities at which it tries to describe reality truthfully. It is a system of way in producing knowledge. According to Denzin & Lincoln (1994), a qualitative research focuses on interpretation of phenomena in their natural settings to make sense in terms of the meanings people bring to these settings. Overall, a good research is depends on the ability of researchers to conceptualise ideas and how well others understand the concepts used.
Besides this, the quantitative approach was used during this research. This study was based on the true reality and objectivity. Apart from the researcher’s perceptions, it involved the reality which exists within the nature. It was a cross sectional study with a quantitative method. 5.2 Sampling Plan According to this research design, there was a need to design a sampling plan first.
This research method is used: to describe variables, to examine relationships among variables; to determine cause and effect interactions between variables. 2. Qualitative Research Qualitative Research is primarily exploratory research. It is used to gain an understanding of underlying reasons, opinions, and motivations. It provides insights into the problem or helps to develop ideas or hypotheses for potential quantitative research.
The selection of quantitative research strategy is also based upon no. of facts other than presentation of the results in numeric values and figures. Our research is basically concerned with numbers, figures and use of different ratios in comparative form. As per the nature of our research, we have selected deductive approach which is commonly related with the quantitative research strategy with keeping in mind the hypothesis and objective of the study. We selected this strategy because it is assumed that it will be appropriate and will guide us in our research
Research approach can be categorized into quantitative and qualitative research (Yates, 2004; Creswell, 2009). For this study, both quantitative and qualitative approaches were adopted. The adoption of each of the approaches in any research process come along with their limitations; therefore biases inherent in any of the methods could nullify or neutralize the biases of other methods (Hurmerinta – Peltomaki & Nummela, 2006). Usually, quantitative research conducts a deductive approach to the relationship between theory and research which focus on testing of theory (Bryman & Bell, 2011; Yin, 2008). Conversely, qualitative research emphasizes the words rather than quantification with data.
The study focuses on the effects or outcome of the study, rather than intertwining the research inquiry with politics or having a philosophical approach. It will be more of a traditional form of research, which is intended to reduce the ideas into a small, discrete set to test, such as the variables that comprise hypotheses and research questions. Postpositivist worldview is sometimes called the scientific method and is usually best suited with quantitative research than qualitative. Research Design. Quantitative analysis is the best research design or strategies of inquiry for this study.
It provides an understanding of the problem, help to develop ideas for supporting quantitative research (Snapsurveys, 2016). I believe that qualitative research brings opinions or hypotheses and goes deeper into the issues or problems. There are many techniques used to collect the data like focus groups, conducting interviews and observations. I think the sample size here is small and the sampling is selected to fulfill the subject of study. For example, my friend is studying the role of heritage in attracting foreigners to Oman.
There are different kinds of research designs and few are, exploratory, descriptive, diagnosis and experimentation” (Vikat, et al, 2007). For example, to get the answer for percentage of unemployment one needs to use exploratory design which includes observation and majorly descriptive one that which will carry out a survey and provide the desired results. The fourth step is to prepare research proposal. The research proposal should have a holistic definition and approach towards research. One should spend enough time and understand the requirements and develop a proposal.
Conceptual research is often development and arranging conceptual understandings The composite nature of the project can sometimes make it difficult for all aspects of a research question to be answered by a single method acting . “Mixed method” refers to research in which the researcher collects and analyses data, integrates the finding, and draws inferences using more than one method. 4.1 Evaluate appropriate research methodologies in terms of the research question The purpose of inquiry methodological analysis is to discover answers to questions through the application program of scientific