Research Research is defined as ‘a diligent and systematic investigation/ inquiry into a subject in order to discover or receive facts, theories and to find answers to a problem etc. Research is done when we want to find something. 2. Qualitative research Design Qualitative research is a method of inquiry employed in many different academic disciplines, traditionally in the social sciences, but also in market research and further contexts. Qualitative researchers aim to gather an in-depth understanding of human behavior and the reasons that govern such behavior.
Researchers will need to have a close involvement with the participants to understand their perspective and interpretation regarding on a situation or phenomenon to develop an in-depth explanation. Qualitative research is done in a wide-angle lens as subjectivity is critical to examines the breadth and depth of phenomena. It is often designs in open-ended questions in order to analyse and interpret the data. The method for qualitative research includes ethnography, interview, historical research, participant observation and textual analysis. (Brennen, 2013) With the strengths of the both qualitative research and quantitative research, triangulation research method will be conducted to enhance and validate the research.
Whether or not ethnography is used, auto-ethnographic methods help critically analyzing the collected data. Grounded theory is another method, which exemplifies reflective reasoning. Critical questions are posed in-depth on the collected information by the researcher leading to more insights. This often results in obtaining new perspectives. Since the resultant theory emerges from data, it is considered as grounded (Hurley, et.
For this research, Quantitative study was used as it involved deduction. Hypotheses was formulated; the dependent and independent variables were identified which assisted in measurements of objectives. Data was collected by using close-ended questionnaires. 5.1 Research paradigm According to the requirements of research question, it was decided that it would be appropriate to choose the positivism approach as the philosophical assumption and research paradigm for the study. Besides this, the quantitative approach was used during this research.
2.0. The Qualitative versus Quantitative Research debate As previously shown, quantitative and qualitative methods stem from different ontologic, epistemologic and axiologic assumptions about the nature of research. Traditionally, quantitative methods are predominantly acknowledged within positivism whereas qualitative methods are dominant within the interpretivism or non-positivist studies (Bredillet, 2008). Generally speaking, quantitative methodology is concerned with attempts to quantify social phenomena and collect and analyze numerical data, and the use of statistical procedures to examine group means and variance (Ponterotto 2005; Tuli 2010). Qualitative methodology, on the other hand, is more concerned with understanding the meaning of
Conceptual research is often development and arranging conceptual understandings The composite nature of the project can sometimes make it difficult for all aspects of a research question to be answered by a single method acting . “Mixed method” refers to research in which the researcher collects and analyses data, integrates the finding, and draws inferences using more than one method. 4.1 Evaluate appropriate research methodologies in terms of the research question The purpose of inquiry methodological analysis is to discover answers to questions through the application program of scientific
Overview of Qualitative Research Qualitative Research is mainly about exploratory research. It is used to gain an in-depth understanding of underlying reasons, opinions, and motivations. Qualitative research is also used to discover the patterns of thought and opinions, and explore deeper into the problem. Qualitative data collection methods are vary using unstructured or semi-structured techniques. Some common methods include focus group, individual interviews, and participation/observations.
Research Design This study will use a qualitative, descriptive research methodology. Qualitative research can be defined as an overarching concept of several forms of research which help to illuminate and explain the meaning of phenomenon in social settings (Merriam, 1998). The data collection methodologies included in qualitative research are observations, interviews, and analysis of written documents and artifacts (Patton, 2002). The interview using the guide questions will allow for greater analysis of individual depth and detail. The case study method is the preferred choice of methodology given that it allows the researcher to explore additional avenues of information that may arise in the case study of the participating higher education institution (HEI).
For this study, this research strategy is used in which different cases related to transnational asset recovery are presented in the findings so that aim and objectives are discussed and concluded precisely (Blessing & Chakrabarti, 2009). Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria It is essential for the studies of systematic review to make inclusion and exclusion criteria as selection of studies are dependent on these aspects. The inclusion and exclusion criteria that are used for choosing studies in this research are elaborated below: Inclusion Criteria The inclusion criterion that is used in this study is provided below: Topic – The topic of the studies holds significant importance at the time of selection
Survey research relies on a questionnaire or other measuring instrument to record responses. By conducting survey research the team must develop an understanding of the area to be researched. To do this correctly other research methods such as observational research and secondary data research are to be used to support, improve and supplement the chosen survey method rather than replace it. During the survey research stage great diligence must be undertaken to ensure that error is as minimal as possible. Types of errors that can occur include; 1.