Deductive Argument

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Introduction Information is vital to everyone and is valuable because it can affect behaviour, a decision or an outcome about a certain subject or event. An editorial, as part of the newspaper, is an opinionated news story that deals with the people and society and can be about any topic. It includes factual evidence and arguments to support and discourse that are intended to persuade the opinion in issues that exist in the community. The researcher proposed and conducted a contrastive study to evaluate and identify arguments. An editorial helps students find credible sources, summarize appropriate resources which can enhance their research skills. Through reading editorials, students master the basic rules of logic, using sound rather than…show more content…
From the definition of Miller (1998), the deductive argument is an argument intentional to be deductively valid, which means that, its role is to provide a guarantee of the truth of the conclusion provided that the arguments premises or assumptions are true. In other way, a deductive argument, are intended to have a firm support for the conclusion. In constructing a deductive text, Fall (2004) cited ways to identify the deductive arguments. In a deductive argument, factual information are used to draw the conclusion. The premises are major assumptions of deductive reasoning, it may be assumptions the argument is built on; or to look at it in another way, and the reasons for accepting the argument. Next, the evidence, it is to help draw the conclusion. If the premises are general, then the evidences are some more specific information. The premise and evidence must be in accordance with the objective reality, or there would not have a right conclusion. In the process of writing, first, it should be introduce with factual information as a premise and bring the evidence that helps draw the conclusion. The conclusion is the final judge of the specific information based on the basic facts. A deductive essay may have several potential conclusions, but there is only one final conclusion under a particular argument Fall…show more content…
In the introduction of an inductive argument text, pose a question or establish a hypothesis. Topic that should not touch on any opinion or conclusion or explanation must be mentioned in the introduction. Building a series of premises to address the guiding questions, these are specific data points that address your question. Inductive argument can also include “part-to-whole” where the whole is assumed to be like individual parts, “extrapolations” where areas beyond the area of study are assumed to be like the studied are and “predictions” where the future is assumed to be like the past. In drawing a conclusion, the study of Naugle (2003) it states that the conclusion of the inductive text, deals with probability, not
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