Law is important to us because it simply tells us what are our roles and obligations to our society and other individuals . To begin the comparison between the key law systems the essay will cover the definition of each system, the historical background, sources of each law system, the roles of judges in each system, the countries that cover each law system and the nowadays development of both methods. To start off, civil law definition consists of the legal privileges and responsibilities that occur between individuals or between people and their ruler’s, it is mainly concerned with the individuals being legally familiar with their civil rights and commitments in relation towards others . In contrast, common law is a judge based law and it is simply the rules of law declared in the court of law . Thus, the civil law is concerned with individuals while common law is based on judgment.
A fixed constitution assists in ensuring guidelines are followed, and prevents the option for particular groups wanting to accommodate their standing. Dissimilar to the Majoritarian Model, judicial review is present in Consensus models of government. Its component of judicial review is an essential part of the system in maintaining order and fairness amongst all groups in terms of
semester Rule of law or nomocracy is the legal principle which states that the law should govern a nation. As opposed to the arbitrary decisions it primarily refers to the influence and authority of law within the society including the behaviour of government officials. The concept was well known to philosophers like Aristotle and it was popularized in the 19th century by A.V.DICEY. Rule of law implies that every citizen is subject to the law, including law makers themselves. This definition requires that there must be a system of laws—and law by its nature involves rules set forth in advance that are stated in general terms.
If a person is accused and undergoing a trial, substantive law prescribes the punishment that the under-trial will face if convicted. Substantive law also defines the types of crimes and the severity depending upon factors such as whether the person is a repeat offender, whether it is a hate crime, whether it was self-defence etc. It also defines the responsibilities and rights of the accused. To add more context, substantive law explains the rights and duties of the people, but procedural law provides the rules with the help of which they are enforced. Like mentioned statutory law is made by members of parliament, which means elected officials are making laws on behalf of the citizens that elected them in are more likely than judges to know what laws the public wants and needs.
Voting is also a democratic process. The main action is set by the government or can even be set upon citizens’ request. However, it is executed by the American citizens. According to US Citizenship and Immigration Service (n.d). “Voting ensures that our system of government is maintained and individual voices are clearly heard by elected officials.” For instance, this responsibility was set to be a guide law to citizens for them to understand the importance of voting.
International law also could be defined as law among states and rule the society of it. Based on experts, Jeremy Bentham, International law is also called public international law or law of nations, the body of legal rules, norms, and standards that apply between sovereign states and other entities that are legally recognized as international actors. Therefore, we can conclude that international law is a law which rules all countries in this earth in order to create what we call as peace. Definition of Moral Code
Democracy is the method of selecting political leaders. When the representatives create the law, the citizens consent and hence bound by it. For the content of law, it is to content renders the rule of law amenable to all sorts of cultures, society and political systems. It is to remembered that the government and citizens be bound and act by the law. Human rights are the common ground and applies to the broadest range of
Hood Phillips, Paul Jackson, and Patricia Leopold in “The constitutional law of a state is the law relating to the constitution of that state”, then it is imperative to understand the laws, the country, and the constitution at the same time. Constitutional Court is not the rules are made of government, but it is a regulation made by the people to manage government, and the administration itself without the constitution with power without authority. 3. The legislation The legislation is unwritten by law that contains norms binding legal to the public, both set by the institutions of the laws that have the authority of the delegation of legislation to establish the rules, according to regulations. According to Law No.
Constitution are codes of rules which aspire to regulate the allocation of functions, powers and duties amongst the various agencies and officers of the government and to define the relationship between these and the public. The agencies and the officers of government are the three organs of government; Executive (executers of the law), Legislative (makers of the law), and Judiciary (interpreters of the law). In layman terms, a ‘constitution’ is laid principles which tell how a country should be run and their interaction between the citizens of their member state. One can draw the significance and the importance