The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict all started roughly in the 1900’s when the Ottomans and the Arabs coexisted somewhat peacefully due to a common enemy. The Turks. However, this coexistence ended when WWI had started and the British encouraged the Arabs to revolt against the Ottomans promising them that they would have the right to set up an Arab State after the war. The Arabs believed this was a good deal, so they revolted against the Ottomans in 1916. After the war, the British foreign secretary, Arthur James Balfour, gave official support to Britain’s Jewish community to establish a national home for Jews in Palestine.
There are those historians, specifically Richard Overy and Ian Kershaw, who argued that Hitler did not intend to provoke a war over Poland. He explains that this view was most bitterly opposed by the British historian Tim Mason and he goes on to cite a furious dispute that
As illustration, the grand father of the family has been through the several dominations of this territory successively by the Ottoman Empires, « Turks » ; the British mandate and finally the Israeli occupation. Palestinians are not just refugees, they form a community
The colonists were against the rising taxes at home and England was offended by this because they believed the war was mainly fought for their benefit. This led the British to believe the colonists were being disloyal and the colonists felt that they no longer needed British soldiers around since the French threat had been removed. Without the immediate control of British Soldiers colonists began to focus more on their own personal interests which included expanding into the Western territory. At the same time many people began
France not only had different conflicts with Great Britain directly but assisted with different British opponents, including the United States. According to Colley, the shear fear of France taking over different parts of the world caused the British to colonize lands that were not even Christian for the empire. In her words Protestantism for the British became, “a unifying and distinguishing bond [like] never before. (18)” Nationalism in Britain only became stronger with the Seven Years War. Support for the war had been, “remarkably and deceptively unanimous (103)” to the point where Scotland had some men recruited.
A precipitating factor would be that the colonists still valued English protection and feared the Catholic colony of New France who were fighting for fur trade. While the English colonies were preoccupied with the Glorious Revolution, French forces of the fur trade were seen attacking New York and New England. This developed into what is known as King William's War, which illustrated the conflict against France in Europe. It was caused by colonial outgrowth and lasted until 1697. The conflict is seen as a distinguishing mark that along with the English royal government there also came the weight of military security.
Lee states: “ (...) the pact was not necessary for Russia.” Laqueur, an American historian, argue that “it should not be assumed that without the pact Germany would have attacked Russia.” During 1939 Stalin focused on the Balkan States. In the end of 1939, Stalin launched about 20 Soviet divisions against 15 Finish. However, the Soviets experienced humiliating casualties before they were actually successful in taking the land in the beginning of 1940. From 1940 and the first half of 1941, the relationship between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany was becoming evidently worse. Hitler, expressed his view on the Winter War (the attack launched against the Finish) and regarded it “entirely unnecessary”.
All of that prove that Egypt was the main obstacle to the crusaders and the main defender of all Muslim nations because it managed to stop the invasion of the crusaders to the Islamic states (Richard, 2001). To conclude, the main political rational leading the European powers to participate in the seventh crusade was to recapture Jerusalem from Muslims after it was taken in the battle of La Forbie in 1244 because the crusaders considered Jerusalem as the center of the Christian universe because it has many landmarks of their religion and the second aim of the seventh crusade was to prevent Egypt from the defense of Jerusalem and the rest of the holy lands from the crusaders because Egypt was considered to be the main defender of all Muslim nations at that time, but the seventh crusade failed in achieving their aims and led to the defeat of the crusaders by capturing Louis LV, his soldiers and forcing him to hold a peace treaty with
The Swedes were supported by the remaining Protestant German States and financially by the French. The Swedes won many victories against the Hapsburg, and as a result a peace treaty was signed, the Peace of Prague, this brought about three changes, it first provided protection for German Protestant in the North, it made the Armies of the Holy Roman Empire and the German States into one, and restricted the German princes from allying with each other or foreign countries. The Peace of Prague did not conclude the war mainly because it did not extend religious freedoms to the Protestants I the South. Although the war could have been ended here, the French continued the war for another eight years, because the French did not want other European Rulers to have as much power as the French King, so French sent troops to engage the Hapsburg armies and declared war on Spain. The war finally ended with the Peace of Westphalia, which had numerous significances such as, weakening the Hapsburg in Spain, and Austria, Giving the German territory of Alsace to France, and introduces a new method of peace negotiations, it also allowed the German princes to form alliances with and sign treaties, with the exception that they did not declare war on the Holy Roman Empire.