Definition Of Administrative Management Theory

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Administrative Theory focuses on the total organization and attempts to develop principles that will direct managers to more efficient activities. Administrative theory encourages that an organization carry out managerial activities more effectively. Administrative management is concerned with the design and management of an organization Van Vliet, 2011). The following essay will discuss the Administrative Management Theory as well as its key components, focusing on its famous theorists namely: Henri Fayol, Max Webber and Chester Barnard.
In the 19th century, America was undergoing rapid growth and expansion. The need to develop management techniques that would integrate technology, materials and worker activities in a productive and efficient manner was a central concern during this period. With hese events in the United States and the impact of the Industrial Revolution in Europe, Classical management theory evolved in an effort to develop techniques that would solve problems of organizational efficiency in the production of goods and services (Narayanan, 1993:29).
Classical management theory can be divided into two perspectives distinguished by the issues and problems that they address. One perspective, administrative theory, evolved from a concern by both European and American academicians and sought to address and focus on the technical efficiency of the organisation. A second perspective, scientific management, emerged primarily among
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