Definition Of Blood Relationship In Living Against The Grain

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As defined in the dictionary, kinship is a blood relationship that is synonymous with family and blood ties. However, in "Living Against the Grain," Muldoon describes kinship in a different manner. In chapter 4, Muldoon describes his meaning of kinship as a strong relationship with another individual who does not necessarily have to be of blood relation. For example, Muldoon explains the story of the man in a red bandanna. Crowther, the man in the red bandanna, worked at the World Trade Center during the plane crash on September 11th. Once the plane hit, Crowther helped several people exit the building safely. Unfortunately, he did not make it out safely himself. Crowther is an example of kinship because he acted as if those other strangers were his family, so he assisted them before worrying about himself. Moreover, Muldoon writes about Greg Boyle, who illustrates the meaning of kinship. Boyle lives in Los Angeles where he is employed at Dolores Mission Church. At the church, Boyle works with former gang members and founded Homeboy Industries. Homeboy Industries offers jobs to the former gang members. Greg Boyle stresses the practice of kinship because he believes that "a person becomes a person through other people." Boyle found that he had an urge to work with underprivileged individuals. Through the relationships developed amongst the "homies" and Boyle, a self-understanding is established. While reading the fourth chapter of "Living Against the Grain," I found myself

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