Exposé for a master thesis on the subject „Influence of perceived discrimination on Acculturation and subjective well-being of immigrants in Austria” Migration is a process that is almost always stressful and can lead to psychological problems. Immigrants are facing increased stress related to the adjustment to a new way of life: the loss of extended family and social networks, loss of employment and social status, change roles and intergenerational conflicts, difficulties in social integration and difficult access to social and health services due to linguistics and systemic barriers. ( Sabatier et al. 2008 ). One of the main stressors for immigrants is discrimination.
These workers are made more vulnerable to forced labor practices because of political conflict, poverty, crime, discrimination, unemployment, corruption, and cultural acceptance of forced labor. Immigrants are particularly vulnerable as they can be threatened by their employer with deportation or reported to immigration officers, however, individuals are also often forced into labor in their own countries. Everyone needs food, money, shelter, and water and if no one is willing to supply these things or you do not have them, you will die. This is where the ‘invisible hand’ of bonded labor is used. Large amounts of poverty-stricken populations have another choice but to give in to the coercion or exploitation in order to survive.
Lebanon, being one of the nation’s going through financial challenges, is experiencing a demographic changing sensation represented by outrageous migration of individuals to different nations looking for better work opportunities. This phenomenon is called “Brain Drain". Brain drain, however, just made the economy get tougher to fix where having most
Immigration has been one of the world major problem nowadays, not only in European and western countries but also almost in all over the world. Immigrant itself is defined as the people who do migration, the moving from the homeland to a new place and most of the migration happens across national boundaries. The immigration can be categorized in to two, the voluntary immigration and involuntary immigration. Voluntary immigration is the immigration due to ones’ free choice, for example the work, moving, and etc. while involuntary immigration is caused by several push factors that happen to endanger the life of the people, such as war, poverty, natural disaster, etc.
During Colonial era, power countries, (UK, USA, France, Germany, other EU countries), have drained their colonies (Africa, Asia, South America) of their resources to fuel up their development. This has led the great advancement of those countries in terms of technology, educational, health, and industrial, making them even more powerful and advanced. Towards late 1960’s most of the colonies have gained their independence. Meanwhile, the great power countries of the world need to carry on building their capital, through favorable trade agreements for cheap raw materials (boundless.com). The rise of globalization was the answer to the ongoing demand of resources (Puig and Ohiocheoya).
They are not easy to accept expatriates people. They dissatisfied if the expatriates shows the competence worthy of higher pay. To elaborate more, I pick one of the journal that I’ve read which name “The Antecedents and Consequences of Underemployment among Expatriates” is written by Mark C. Bolino and Daniel C. Feldman. In this journal, I have found a few sensitivity of culture among expatriates. First, the international business literature indicates that the management of expatriates in their overseas jobs assignment remains a significant problem for MNCs.
Labor migration refers to the movement of people across international boundaries and has emerged as one of the major issues and has affected the economic, cultural, and social aspects of most countries. Economic implications occur such as ‘brain drain’, a slang-term use to define the migration of skilled human resources for trade, education etc. An example of ‘brain drain’ would be trained professionals in healthcare is needed around the globe but higher salaries, better standards of living quality, new technologies attracts skilled professionals from developing countries to developed countries. In the UK, a third of the doctors were in fact trained overseas. This resulted in a lack of medic personnel in developing countries, thus compounding poverty in the “sending” country.
The Industrial Revolution was a period from 1750 to 1960. It was called a "revolution" because the changes were great and sudden. This revolution changed the way in which many regions developed, including agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, technology, and textiles and It also made great influence on people’s living standard and the way of worked. After this revolution, many countries changed from ancient time when most working places primarily depended on people to modern world as we know today. The Industrial Revolution was a major change in the nature of production when machines replaced tools and other energy sources replaced human or animal power.
This problem is one of the main harms facing many sectors in Tanzania. Small percentage of workers absenteeism may cause considerable amount of production lost. Workers absenteeism directly affects the production and productivity. It causes a replacement which is costly and time consuming, so many formalities have to be followed to maintain and replace a person hence during that time production is hindered to a great
Now lets put a light on the disadvantages of Globalisation. The main reason for the downside of globalisation is that it distinguishes between social class ans status. This leads to political and social uneasiness and financial unreliability that will restrain growth. Many of the world’s poorest people do not have access to basic technologies and public goods. They are eliminated from the benefits.