Definition Of Culture Shock

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WHAT IS CULTURE SHOCK AND HOW IT CAN BE HANDLE? Definition of the topic: The first to identify the term of “culture shock” was the anthropologist Kalvero Oberg in 1960 and he defined it as “the anxiety that results from losing all the familiar signs and symbols of social intercourses which include words, gestures, facial expressions, customs, or norms acquired unconsciously in the course of growing up”. In the last century, this topic is acquiring importance because, thanks to the fast improvement of technology and the rapid increase of interconnected global network, the bounders of nations are becoming more and more undefined (Freidman, 2006) and people, in particular workers, are facilitated to travel from the home country to the host one (Rajasekar J., Renand F., 2013). As a consequence, people from diverse cultures are coming closer to each other and get in touch with each other more often than before (Xia J., 2009). Individuals that, due to some job reasons, has to live abroad in another country for a limited period of time are called ‘expatriates’: they are more subject than other individuals to the phenomenon of the culture shock and this can seriously compromise the success of the expatriate (Hayes, 1996; Selmer, 2001). According to Shi L. and Wang L. (2013), this phenomenon linked to the expatriates can be described as the anxiety or stress an expatriate feels immediately due to the unfamiliarity of social practice in the host country. The culture shock is
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