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Social Model Of Disability Essay

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Disability refers to the disadvantage or restriction of activity caused by way society is organised which takes little or no account of people who have physical, sensory or mental impairment. As a result such people are excluded and prevented from participating fully on equal terms in mainstream society. There is no universally agreed definition of disability. Historically disability was seen primarily as a medical condition ,with the problem located within the individual. This medical or individual model was challenged by disability activists who conceptualised disability as primarily a social phenomenon. The social model of disability draws a clear distinction between impairment and disability. Society disables people with impairments by…show more content…
This disability is a complex phenomenon, reflecting a interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives.
A disability may be physical cognitive, mental, sensory, emotional, developmental or some combination of these. What a society at a particular time in its history consider to be a disabling conditioning reflects its conception of a normal and socially functional human being; and hence in s way its reflects society’s self image .The recognition of physically and mental condition as disabling by a society is also a tacit acceptance by it of it responsibility towards people considering disabled.
A person is said to be disabled whenever he or she does not have ability to perform his activity in a manner considered normal for a human being. It could be congenital or be caused by various reason like, illness, accidents. 10% of the world population suffers from some type of disability and their presence affects at least another 25% of the
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