Rather than religion being utilized as a sort of hardware or gadget for getting what one needs, as was valid for Euthyphro's situation, Socrates trusts the basic role of genuine religion is to carry one's own life into amicability with the will of God. Religion and profound quality, in his view, are so firmly related that neither one of the ones can exist separated from the other. Dissimilar to the Sophists, who were familiar with think about the requests of ethical quality as just the wants of the general population who planned them, Socrates has faith in a standard of profound quality that is something more than the human conclusion. He distinguishes it with
Philosophical thinking uses three acts of the mind: understanding, judgement, and reason. In order to have a sound argument all of the concepts must be applied. Socrates didn’t want to please the people by saying or doing what they wanted him to say or do. Socrates thought it was not important to seek wealth or fame; he was concerned with truth and virtue. He wanted to create an impact on humanity by relying on the truth and shining a light in people’s lives, even if they put him on trial.
Basically soul bears the knowledge since birth but it comes out with due course. I feel such feud are amusing to speculate but can’t be pursued in this real word. They can be amusing, prolific and innovative to review but cannot be followed. On the other hand, Aristotle being a realist, takes a methodical and systematic approach. According to him whatever we see is the real world.
So Socrates asks him to define what is holy and what is not. Euthyphro’s first attempt to is to try and explain that charging individuals that have committed religious crimes or offenses can be an example of holiness. However, Socrates doesn’t find this to be a compelling answer and goes on to list other actions that can be considered holy. Euthyphro then tries to explain that something is holy if the all of the gods are able to agree on it. However, Socrates states that something might seem holy to one of the gods, but not all of them because they fight over different issues often times.
Socrates approaches people in an attempt to find out why the oracle of Delphi told him he is the wisest man of all (Plato, n.d.). He doesn 't believe to be wise, but at the same time, he acknowledges that the god of Delphi doesn 't lie (Plato, n.d.), so he embarks in a journey to discover the meaning of wisdom. He probes other men to try and find out whether or not their arguments are sound, and to what point he can actually challenge their logic. He comes to the conclusion that he actually cannot find a wiser man, but this does not change his fundamental idea that he himself has no knowledge. The Good Brahmin comes to a similar conclusion, saying that he is “ignorant of everything” (Voltaire, 1926).
Throughout the development of philosophy, Plato, famous student of Socrates, has always been widely considered one of the most influential philosophical figures of all time. One of his most prominent contributions to the philosophical world is his establishment of the “Theory of Forms”. Plato’s Theory of Forms is primarily based on what is real and what is not. What is real is thought to be perfect, however, something can not be real or perfect as it is always changing. He explained that the forms are very different to their appearances and "The World of Forms" can only be understood by those who seek knowledge, not by the ignorant.
For Socrates philosophy is a way of live, and we must always ask question to knowledge, which is also its philosophy. His kind of philosophy denies with other philosophers, because they believe only on the pursuit and building of knowledge. Those philosophers want to obtain as much knowledge as possible, while Socrates searches only the truth. Consequently, the main idea between the Apology and the Allegory of the Cave is knowledge. The Allegory is based under effects of knowledge on the human spirit.
In illness and in fear, in distress and despair, and before making crucial life decisions people often seek answers to questions that even thorough introspection cannot provide; the Greeks are no exception to these pursuits seeing as for over a thousand years they consulted oracles as a form of guidance. Prior to the imposition of Christianity, oracular validity was rarely put into question. Even if the outcome was different than that which was predicted, it was not the fault of the gods and thus could be qualified as being merely human error involving a mistake in interpretation. This can be attributed to the fact that Greek religion was embedded in Greek society, and so oracles, one of the pillars of Greek civic religion, were accepted and acknowledged with distinction. One of the main critiques of divination from nineteenth-century scholars is that the predictions that were made by the gods are false and deceiving.
We must grant him his due regarding some of the absurdities found in theology. And yet, it escapes him that perhaps religious doctrines exist to serve subtle moral purposes, and that scientific fact is not their major concern. His opinions about religion epitomize all the myopia common to materialism and atheism. He forgets the profoundly inspirational qualities of faith; he ignores religion’s storehouse of literature, myth, and consoling rituals; and he entirely forgets the critical importance of religion in passing on a culture’s moral values. Had he understood the nature of man more deeply, he would have understood that only philosophers and saints can be induced to do good by appeals to reason alone; for the average man, only the fears of eternal damnation will keep his baser instincts in check.
Plato had views to how to live a good life should be, towards what end the individual should act in accordance with their ideas of good life. Furthermore he thought of the world in a more theoretical insightful way theory of forms. Plato believed that a soul transmigrated until it was able to free itself from physical form and returned to the a realm without form. Plato also taught that true knowledge came from the soul and reason which would make him a rationalist and he believed that things like beauty and good in the physical world were glimmers of reality. Aristotle theory of forms with its two separate realms failed to explain what it was meant to explain.