Social Darwinism itself is the ideology of Herbert Spencer. Spencer was another historian that justified imperialism. He believed in survival of the fittest. In order to survive America had to keep conquering and gaining territory, money, power and resources so that she could be the fittest. Spencer was known as the revolutionist of society.
They commanded large governments and oversaw vast amounts of wealth and firepower that were beyond the holdings of the nations they sought to control. Modern Imperialism was effectively a lopsided game that pitted “primitive” peoples against unimaginable superpowers. While modern imperialism was in many ways like the eighteenth-century mercantilism and colonialism of old. Modern imperialism was different in the fact that imperial powers set out to not only exploit their colonial holdings, but also transform and “westernize” the societies under their control. (Kennedy 596) Imperialists justified their occupation of less developed societies through righteous slogans and beliefs.
Hobson argue that imperialism is dangerous and a detriment to British nationalism? Hobson argues that imperialism is severely threatening and a disadvantage to the British nationalism because the policy they have adopted puts people in charge of the right accreditation. The British nationalism accordingly divides the classes explaining that people who are separated and from other groups based on their wealth. This basically states that the British society has much more faith a belief to imperialism. Document two: Cecil Rhodes, Confession of Faith 1.
The treatises of imperialism, like other social subjects, have caused many controversies among those who are deeply interested despite their diverse national backgrounds. Nonetheless, no matter how heated debates the subject has raised, it is essential to fully deal with it based on historical sources. This paper will decode imperialism from the following primary sources to help people better understand the impacts of imperialism on the world’s politics, economies and cultures: John A. Hobson’s Imperialism: A Study, Vladimir Illyich Lenin’s Imperialism, The Highest Stage of Capitalism, Jules Ferry’s On French Colonial Expansion, Rudyard Kipling’s The White Man’s Burden, American Anti-Imperialism League’s Platform of the American Anti¬-Imperialist
The history of the United States is one of colonialism, settler colonialism, and the abstract idea of difference and perceived inferiority of savage, less civilized peoples. Since the discovery of the North American continent and the eventual founding of the United States of America, whiteness and white supremacy has shaped America to its present-day form. The idea of race, which has furthered the concept of difference, has been used as a tool to categorize and marginalize peoples of different color, culture, and creed in the hopes of creating a structure where the white man reigns supreme. Race is not biologically real, it is simply a social and political construct that those in power use to assert dominance; just as Paul Spickard in his Race
According to Arendt, totalitarian ideology traces its roots mainly in imperialism and anti-Semitism. To prove her theories, she intends to trace the thinking process itself in these societies which lead to establishment of such regimes. She identifies racism and bureaucracy as the "two main political devices" of imperialism. (H Arendt - 1950, pp.185) She states that there is an correlation between racial hostility and class antagonism, but she sees neither racism nor anti-Semitism as an underlying cause of totalitarianism. The disintegration of nation states after the First World War which were governed by law and cultural ties was now taken over by issues of race and religion.
Colonial Mentality theory grounds this study in recognition of colonialism’s lingering impact. Colonial Mentality theory attempts to shift the dominant ways in which people perceive the world (Young, 2003). Young (2003) stated, “Colonialism claims the right of all people on this earth to the same material and cultural well-being” (p.2). Young (2003) asserted that colonialism “names a politics and a philosophy of activism” that challenges the pervasive inequality in the world. In a different way, it resumes anti-colonial struggles of the past.
Through the development of policies of expansionism, British, French, Russian, German and Ottoman empires fought to extend their rule and dominance over inferior territories and people, undertaking what was described as a ‘civilizing mission’ to elevate these natives from barbarians to civilization. Consequently, imperialism can be argued to be a significant betrayal of human rights and thus European modernity. This essay will examine the ways in which imperialism betrays modernity, first outlining and defining in further detail European modernity and imperialism. Then it will examine the development of the human rights movement, incorporating discussions of ‘social Darwinism’ and the ‘civilizing mission’ and their roles in imperialism respectively. Finally, this essay
Imperialism is domination by one country of the political,economic, and cultural life of another country or region. Some countries that were affected by imperialism are Africa, China, India, Japan, and the Middle East. Nationalism is loyalty and devotion to a particular country, and the act of improving a country. Nationalism is based on imperialism, therefore the early 20th century imperialism in Asia and the Middle East significantly affected Nationalism. Human rights violations also stemmed from Nationalism and was predominantly an issue in India.
Hechter’s substantive study reflects the process of nationality for nation in Great Britain. He presented Britain as powerful and culturally distinct core having dominant positions over economy, finance, and political system. The People in peripheral areas started a nationalist movement at the time when inequalities between core and periphery increased. In all multinational states where one ethnic group or a coalition is empowered, the term internal colonial is also appropriate. The most glaring examples of internal colonialism are the north west territories of Canada, the problem of Qubec in Canada, Xinjiang (Eastern Turkestan) of China, the Palestinians in Israel, and the Tamil Sinhala conflict in Sri Lanka.