Analytic style tends to pay more attention to the details and procedures. They can establish clear and identifiable formation parts. That is the typical feature of analytical style. In the vocabulary learning, English majors recognize word parts. For example, they are given words, and they must break into parts.
So, Words are the building blocks of a language since they label objects, actions, ideas without which people can’t convey the intended meaning. A prominent role of vocabulary knowledge in second or foreign language learning has been recently recognized by theorists and researchers in the field. Accordingly, numerous types of approaches, techniques, exercises, and practice have been introduced into the field to teach vocabulary. It has been suggested that teaching vocabulary should not only consist of the teaching of specific words but also aim at equipping learners with strategies necessary to expand their vocabulary knowledge. Words serve different purposes when reading, writing and speaking.
Whether PM abilities can be used to predict vocabulary learning has interested many scholars. Gathercole, Willis, Emslie and Baddeley (1992) found a relationship between PM skills and vocabulary knowledge, which appeared to be reciprocal. Michas and Henry (1994) are also able to show that PM measures predict new word learning ability. Vocabulary knowledge is an important element in second language (L2) acquisition. It is believed that students are able to increase their listening, speaking, reading, and finally writing by learning new words.
However with the passage of time it was found that using English as official language is required. Thus started attempts for teaching English right form the primary schools. Soon the language spread went to secondary schools and colleges. At present the high proficiency in English helps the students to achieve the degree of their choice in the University level studies (Foo & Richards, 2004). English language is considered as a language of development in Malaysia.
In implementing Organizational Strategy decisions, these are the decisions that are required: a) What content should be presented? b) How should this content be presented? c) What sequence should the instruction follow? Appendix 4 provides an overview of the content of the course that will be presented. Marco and Micro-instructional strategy The instructional design usually starts with the Marco-strategies which are to focus on the scope and sequence structures and also the Micro strategies which is the expanded instructional event.
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION A. BACKGROUND OF RESEARCH English language is increasingly becoming an important lingua franca which is used in business, technological and academic communication (Dawit & Abiy, 2013). This trend of English globalization has made it imperative for graduates to be proficient in oral communication skills since competence in oral communication (in listening and speaking) is a prerequisite to students’ academic, personal and professional success in life. Oral communication competence can contribute to individuals’ social adjustment and participation in satisfying interpersonal relationship (Sherwyn, Michael & Judy, 2000). Effective use of English as a second language (ESL) or foreign language (EFL) in oral communication is, without a doubt, one of the most common, but also highly complex activities people need to learn for their interpersonal communication.
So British pronunciation is the acceptable correct pronunciation in English Second Language. The overall aim of teaching English Second Language is to develop learners’ communicative skills for meaningful interaction in the multicultural society. Therefore, English need conscious attention specifically on pronunciation of words, not just a concern to English teachers but all subject teachers. Thus, responsibility is required to assist learners, so that they could be able to read words correctly or effectively in all subjects. During my SBS experience, the researcher observed learners reading words with wrong pronunciations or mispronouncing some words.
Particularly as students develop greater fluency and expression in English, it is significant for them to acquire more productive vocabulary knowledge and to develop their own personal vocabulary learning strategies. The prominent role of vocabulary knowledge in second or foreign language learning has been recently recognized by theorists and researchers in the field. Accordingly, numerous types of approaches, techniques, exercises and practice have been introduced into the field to teach vocabulary (Hatch & Brown, 1995). It is believed that communication could not be successful when individuals do not make appropriate use of correct and right words (Allen, 1983). Therefore, lexical knowledge plays an important role in learning English; L2 learners are required to learn words and use them properly so that they could be involved in effective communication.
Actually, there are English language teaching centres all around Britain in which people can obtain help to improve significantly their listening, reading, writing and speaking skills. For example, the English Language Teaching Centre in the University of Sheffield which offers its students a wide range of English language courses for this purpose. This idea is supported by Duff who says that second language acquisition ‘involves linguistic, cognitive, affective, and social processes. That is, it is an ongoing interplay of individual mental processes, meanings, and actions as well as social interactions that occur within a particular time and place, and learning history.’(2008, p.37) Therefore, learning English in Britain can be an advantage and a good solution for any difficulty with the language while having new experiences with local people as learners are completely immersed in an unfamiliar and new country in which the first spoken language is
We know that the English language includes several parts. One of these important parts is reading skill. We can achieve successes in learning foreign languages by using appropriate and comfortable reading strategies. It helps us understand the main meaning of the whole texts or books and have appropriate learning methods. There are different reading methods and strategies to learn foreign languages, especially English in educational system of the world.