Definition Of Structural Social Work

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2) Structural Social Work

Ideologically, structural social work originated in late 1930 's from the Frankfurt School, also known as Critical Theory. But in practice, it emerged in the mid 1970s at Carleton University in Canada, under the leadership of Maurice Moreau. To define it in laymans language, structural social work is a social work practice that works for social justice through societal transformation, while simultaneously addressing individuals ' immediate needs. Robert Mullaly has defined structural social work as “Structural social work is a moral theory. It suggests that the underlying causes for social problems are the differential control of resources and political power inherent in capitalistic societies. The system is viewed as faulty.” (Mullaly, 1997, p. 119)

The primary goal of structural social work is to fundamentally transform the oppressive and inequitable structures in the society like racism, casteism, capitalism, patriarchy, heterosexism, other and establishing values of justice, equality, freedom, collectivism & humanitarianism. Thus structural social work is in contrast with conventional / traditional social work, which focuses only upon individual level and places them in dependent position by making them adjust and adapt to existing structures only. Structural social work believes that in order to achieve social welfare in real sense, fundamental changes need to be made in manner in which resources and power is distributed in the global

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