Introduction In order to find out what the role of ethics is in relation to development and evolution of sustainable tourism, the meaning of these terms need to be defined in order to gain a better understanding of the items that will be discussed subsequently. In addition to the role that ethics play, the impacts that ethics has or will leave on and within the tourism industry with regards to sustainable tourism will be discussed. Recent cases will also be studied. Sustainable Development & Sustainable Tourism One of the definitions is that development equals to growing an economy in a specific manner (Rostow, 1960). However, many have gradually created distance from Rostow’s definition, instead accepting that development is more than economical,
Stable tourism approach is a comprehensive approach which wants a long term development on tourism industry without any destructive effects on natural ecosystems and emphasizes that human being will be able to manipulate some special aspects of environment negatively positively in the form of tourism development (Mohseni, 1388). Stable tourism as an eco-friendly phenomenon, is economically possible and sociality acceptable, and it’s conditioned to protect environment and coordinated with tourism activities and socio-economic values (Reihanian et. al, 2012). Stable tourism tries to set up the relations among host society, tourism place, and tourists, since this relation can be dynamic and constructive, and it tries to modify the pressure and crisis among these components to minimize cultural and environmental damages, provide visitors satisfaction and help district’s economical growth (Mohseni,
Tourism seasons will be altered with possibly more tourists travelling in shoulder seasons, or in winter seasons, as climate will be more appealing (OECD 2008). This shift in travel patterns may have important implications, including proportionally more tourism spending in temperate nations and proportionally less spending in warmer nations now frequented by tourists from temperate regions. However, the net effect of a change in climate on tourist demand at the global scale is expected to be limited, as there is no evidence to suggest that a change in climate will directly lead to a significant reduction of the global volume of tourism. It is important to emphasize that it is the holistic impact of climate change on tourism environments that tourists will respond to, not just changes in climatic conditions. Tourism demand at the regional scale will also be affected by the range of indirect environmental and social impacts brought about by global climate change (OECD 2008).
Health and Globalization The increasing movement of people, food and manufactured goods is consistent with the globalized system, which we are familiar with today. Although it is beneficial and almost essential for the continued economic sustainability of this system, studies show that it has a detrimental effect on public health. One simple approach would be to reduce these flows. Perhaps to take on a more localized approach to food production and distribution. Although this initially this approach may be successful, I believe this approach would certainly have a detrimental impact on the economies of the nations concerned.
In recent years, household consumption in developed countries has been taught to be a key contributing factor to global problems such as climate change, depletion of energy resources and biodiversity loss. Household consumption can be defined as the consumption of goods and services by households including the selection, purchase, use, maintenance, repair and disposal of any product or service OECD (2002). As society have become more aware of household consumption and the problems that occur as a result, Sustainable Consumption has attracted much attention and has become of great importance to society. Sustainable Consumption can be defined as attempts to reduce negative environmental and social impacts of consumption by consuming less or differently and increasing ‘alternative’ consumption (e.g. fair trade) Hinton and Goodman (2011).
On the other side, positive impacts are the company’s analysis into technology that is eco-friendly and an entry into environmental awareness. The main impact of globalization on the environment is that, there is an advance on the use of assets and the awareness of environment degradation. Due to problems dealing with globalization, a lot of analysis is getting agitated out on advanced greener technology, which will replace accepted ones that harm the environment. Globalization also has helped in the improvement of assets to save the environment by the promotion of growth through advance of incomes and education. For e.g., multinational companies are creating technologies that will reduce their adverse impact on the environment.
“Sustainable development is the pathway to the future we want for all. It offers a framework to generate economic growth, achieve social justice, exercise environmental stewardship and strengthen governance.” – Ban Ki Moon, 2013 Sustainable tourism, one that establishes a suitable balance between the environmental, economic and socio-cultural aspects of tourism development, plays an important role in conserving biodiversity. It attempts to minimize its impact on the environment and local culture so that it will be available for future generations, while contributing to generate income, employment, and the conservation of local ecosystems (“Defining Sustainable Tourism”, 2018). By doing so, sustainable tourism maximizes the positive contribution of tourism to biodiversity conservation and thus to poverty reduction and the achievement of common goals towards sustainable development. Sustainable tourism provides crucial economic incentives for habitat protection.
Sustainable development goals (SDG’s), should be seen as a need of present and future generation, that not only create ability of system that thrive by maintaining economic viability, but also nourishes the need by limiting resources depletion. The sectors of businesses, civil society and government can contribute to sustainable development by reaching the state of sustainability socially, environmentally, and economically. This essay will critically discuss and explain the origin and rationale of SDG’s and illustrate the adverse consequences of irresponsible management that have given rise to people-planet-profit trade-off’s that are unsupportable. Sustainable management takes the concepts from sustainability and incorporates them with the concepts of management. In other words, sustainable management is an ‘asset administration system’ that tries to make any collection or utilization of natural resources as economical as could reasonably be expected.
When the industries are on peak positions then managing diversity is a critical to competiveness. Diversity management reacts to proactive rapid change. This is the reason the sustainable tourism focuses on the cultural and the natural resources. Sustainable tourism is the concept of visiting places as a tourist and trying to make and positive impact on the environment. Mainly the heritage value of the place, cultural identity of the place, the natural value of the place contributes to the destination of the tourism.
(Pollock, 2013) Mass tourism has low environmental dimension with high social and economic dimension whereas alternative tourism has high environmental and social dimension with low economic dimension. However, sustainable tourism has a fundamental objective: tourism as a whole must be sustainable. Mass tourism, properly organized and controlled, can and must become sustainable. By combining the characterisations in both mass and sustainable tourism, it can be identified that their traits are benefit on environmental, socio-culture and economic sectors by involving the locals in project development. (Sopheap Theng,