Tourism is the income of people from one place to another place for vacation, but it can also be for business or entertainment. Tourism can either be international or domestic. Tourism has an influence on any country, either it’s for a positive impact or a negative impact. An example one might consider includes that the tourism in that individual country could possibly increase the income and positively improve the economic aspect of the country, but tourism can also negatively impact the environment. Tourism can also affect the population living in the country due to the amount of tourism which furthers the idea of more jobs need to be created for the new tourists.
At the world conference held in Manila on tourism in 1980, importance of tourism and its effects were recognized in the declaration, which stated as; ‘’tourism is an essential activity both on the life of the nation since its direct and indirect effects on economical, social, cultural, and educational sectors of the society and their international relations’’. Economic benefits of tourism 1. Contribution to Gross Domestic Product; Tourism is being one of the world’s largest industries and contributes directly and indirectly (total contribution) to the global economy. Its contribution to GDP growth reflects the total spending within a particular country by residents or neon residents for business or leisure purposes as well as government spending on tourism goods and services which linked to visitors. According to the World Travel and Tourism Council
David J. telfer & Richard accept that tourism impact destinations in developing countries, where the difference in cultural and economic characteristics between local people and, primarily, relatively wealthy western tourists is likely to be greatest (WTO 1981). At the same time in respect it would be considered unfortunate for tourism not to have some socio- cultural consequences on destinations; as a catalyst of development, tourism is usually promoted with the purpose of economic and social betterment. Moreover, tourism is seen by some as a means of achieving greater international harmony and understanding (WTO 1980) although, perhaps inevitably, it is the negative (and, frequently, emotive) socio-cultural impacts of tourism that attract
Sustainable tourism considers equally economical, social and environmental aspects of tourism destinations. By respecting all three, it provides long run development with respect of caring capacity. Eco-certification, on the other hand, influences both supply and demand side of tourism market, and increases consumer’s confidence. Key words: sustainability, tourism, and certification Sustainable tourism is tourism, which concerns total economic, social and environmental impact, by caring for the needs of tourists, economy, environment and local communities. (Making Tourism More Sustainable, UNWTO&UNEP, 2011).
The main industries that contribute to development in this region are tourism and real estate development. Although tourism is rapidly developing, there are concerns about the type of development that is happening. Costa Rica has long been known for its eco-tourism (sustainable tourism) a tourism that is more beneficial for Costa Rica and protects the environment. On the Pacific Coast, residential tourism has been rapidly developing. Residential tourism (all-inclusive resort and vacation home development) as well as cruise tourism are taking over.
The sales taxes will increase when tourist expenditures are high. Tourism also has a positive role in enhance of cultural tourism and its role in contributing to the economic benefits of tourism. In can be seen when tourism activities boosting the GDP in the tourism district. Besides that, tourism also can be seen as an important source of revenue for further historical restoration and preservation (Mochechela, 2010). It can provide a market and audience for the art of the local crafts people.
Immigration contributes critically to the economy of the host country, either positively or negatively. This paper has argued that immigration should be encouraged in order to improve the host country’s economy because there are obvious benefits to the economy of the host country in terms of state revenue, the labor market, and country development. Although, some might argue that immigration leads to mass deportation, and an increase on border-patrol budget as well as a decrease in the wages of native-born, high-skilled workers. As discussed before, immigration increases gross domestic product and provide cheap services, enabling high-skilled, indigenous workers to focus on their work more, rather than doing domestic jobs, such as house cleaning. Moreover, immigrants create innovations, such as Google, and they increase the number of scientist in the U.S. As a suggestion, the host country should inspire companies to employ workers depending on their experience, so immigrants have a great opportunity to compete with the natives.
In recent years, household consumption in developed countries has been taught to be a key contributing factor to global problems such as climate change, depletion of energy resources and biodiversity loss. Household consumption can be defined as the consumption of goods and services by households including the selection, purchase, use, maintenance, repair and disposal of any product or service OECD (2002). As society have become more aware of household consumption and the problems that occur as a result, Sustainable Consumption has attracted much attention and has become of great importance to society. Sustainable Consumption can be defined as attempts to reduce negative environmental and social impacts of consumption by consuming less or
Source: Internet. The informality of the labour market and the volatility of global tourism chains contribute to foster the dependency and vulnerability instead of producing development (Madeley, 2001). During the last 30 years, national governments of developing countries with high levels of biological diversity have been considering tourism as a panacea to improve social and economic development. Nevertheless, the effects of tourism in these territories seem to be more negative than positive (Madeley, 2001)