Although Indonesia is heavily operated by commodities, they have caused destruction to Indonesia’s stunning forests, terrains and animals. “Palm oil is an important and versatile vegetable oil which is used as a raw material for both food and non-food industries” (The social and environmental impact of palm oil). According to the WWF, overconsumption of palm oil has destructively impacted Indonesia’s geography. The reason why palm oil plantations causes deforestation is because they have to be situated in rainforests, as they grow most effectively in rain forest climates. “Globally there are between 12 and 13 million hectares of palm oil plantations.
Some people in favor of deforestation might argue that losing one species is not a big deal in the big picture. However, losing one species has a major impact on the other species within the ecosystem due to the food chain. Losing one link in the food chain could lead to the dependant species suffering of endangerment or extinction due to having no food source. This could easily cause a chain-reaction resulting in the loss of multiple species. Supporters of deforestation might also argue that soil erosion has no negative effects.
The Brazilian Amazon is home to 40% of the world’s tropical rainforest. Incidentally, it also has the world’s fastest rate of deforestation. Tropical Rainforests around the world are lost at the rate of one acre per second with the average rate of Brazilian Amazon being such that 2 million hectares of forest land are cleared every year. There are multiple causes for this extensive rate of deforestation and this paper will address four such causes namely (1) rapid population growth, (2) industrial logging and mining, (3) changing spatial patterns of deforestation, and (4) wildfires. Moreover, there are several Brazilian state policies that encourage deforestation practices of which this paper will look at five key aspects – (1) taxes on agricultural income, (2) rules of land allocation, (3) land taxes, and (4) tax credit schemes and subsidized credits.
In conclusion, enlightening the citizens and the government on the dangers they pose to the world through the destruction of forests can act as a major boost for environmental sustainability (Spilsbury, 2010, p.3). The world shall benefit a lot if all the above recommendations are taken into consideration and deforestation is stopped in Indonesia. In general, the levels of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions will go down. Basing on the history of how deforestation began in Indonesia, one can tell what led to this vice. This paper shall group the causes into two categories: direct causes, which involve all sources related to intentional deforestation to get other gains that seem more important than the natural roles of forests, and indirect causes.
Scientists believe that if the rate of deforestation increased, Earth would be in danger, as deforestation cause many major problems. Some countries has significant deforestation, like Thailand, brazil, Indonesia, and some parts of Africa (see figure one). Studies shows that the country of most deforestation is Indonesia. It has lost over 16 million hectares of forest lands since the last century, according to US University of Maryland and the world resource center. History: Since 1950, deforestation has increased in very fast way.
The Brazilian government has been successful, and their succession has been really harsh to the people and the cultural need of the Indian people and problems like diseases. These communities has been loss through the forest because of deforestation (Effects of Deforestation, N.P.) Deforestation also causes a lot of Global Warming. These people are burning the forest of brazil and turn it into Agricultural Land, cutting down trees and then burn them are causing the rate of CO2 to increasing and causing a huge global warming. The release of the methane from the cattle which is stuck on the grasses that has replace the forest also contributes in a huge global warming problem (Effects of Deforestation,
Deforestation In Brazil A family of endangered jaguars is struggling to stay alive in the Amazon. Deforestation has taken their home, food, and clean water. This is just one example of thousands of how deforestation is harming all sorts of life, including the animals. Animals die every day as a result of deforestation, and yet people are still cutting trees. Over the last fifty years, deforestation levels have massively increased.
Deforestation poses as one of Nigeria’s greatest ecological problem, putting the country’s forest loss at a high percentage in the world. In fact, Nigeria is said to have lost and still losing millions of its forest hectares, causing old-growth forests to be disappearing very rapidly. It is even purported that Nigeria has the highest deforestation rate of natural forests on planet Earth. The activities of hewing “down trees both for construction and furniture industries as well as for exportation to foreign countries have”, according to Effiok Uwatt, “resulted in deforestation, desertification and massive gully erosion in the country”(38). Uwatt’s assertion is axiomatic in that these activities have manifested their negative effects in the
Nowadays, there are, at least, three problems in land subsidence governance in Indonesia that are land subsidence is not the strategic disaster issue, lack of government attention in order to create the tools on dealing with the problems, and lack of community involvement in the process of managing land subsidence impacted areas. First, despite some areas in Indonesia are sinking gradually, even fast, governments and local people are unaware to the issue. Land subsidence in almost all affected areas in Indonesia is being seen as the common problems. Some local governments realize land subsidence as normal natural consolidation that will discontinue
For example, cattle ranching and large-scale agriculture are major drivers of deforestation in Latin America, whereas palm oil development, intensive agriculture, and pulp and paper plantations are principal drivers in Indonesia. One of the most dangerous and unsettling effects of deforestation is the loss of animal and plant species due to their loss of habitat; not only do we lose those known to us, but also those unknown, potentially an even greater loss. The trees of the rainforest that provide shelter for some species also provide the canopy that regulates the temperature, a necessity for many others. Its removal