The European explorers, settlers and missionaries did not see native beliefs as a religion. Most of the beliefs and traditions of natives were condemned and regarded as pagan by them. These spiritual traditions were the important elements which bound the natives together. It was their strength. Realizing this, Europeans tried to convert them to Christianity, even from the beginning of colonial invasion.
Although all the colonists all came from England, the community development, purpose, and societal make-up caused a distinct difference between two distinct societies in New England and the Chesapeake region. The distinctions were obvious, whether it be the volume of religious drive, the need or lack of community, families versus single settlers, the decision on minimal wage, whether or not articles of agreements were drawn for and titles as well as other social matters were drawn, as well as where loyalties lay in leaders. New England was, overall, more religious than the Chesapeake region. Settlers in New England were searching relief for religious persecution in Europe. Puritans, Quakers, and Catholics were coming in droves to America searching for an opportunity to have religious freedom.
The Thirteen Colonies were a group of British colonies that declared independence. They formed the United States in 1776. The colonies consisted of: Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Conneticut, Massachusetts Bay, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island. The New England Colonies included, New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island, and Conneticut. All of these colonies (with the exception of New Hampshire which was goverened as a royal colony) were founded as refuge for all sorts of different religious groups.
How did they governed the colony? Delaware had a government completely independent from Pennsylvania. In 1787, Delaware became the first colony to make an agreement with the U.S. Constitution, and hence became America’s first state .Delaware was then governed as part of Pennsylvania from 1682 until 1701, when the Lower Counties present a formal request for and were granted an independent colonial legislature, though the two colonies shared the same governor until 1776, when Delaware ' assembly voted to break all ties with both Great Britain and Pennsylvania. Delaware, became known as “The Lower Counties on the Delaware”.
The Virginia colony differed from their native land New England, in many different aspects. The Virginia colony had slightly different views on government, religion and society. The colonist were members of the Anglican faith (a tradition within Christianity comprising the Church of England and churches which are historically tied to it or hold similar beliefs, worship practices and church structures). Which is the official Church of England.
The first permanent settlements established by the English in the Americas. The first permanent settlements like the Chesapeake area colonies, the Carolinas, the Puritan New England settlements and the Mid-Atlantic colonies but better known as the northern, middle and southern colonies, all differed in politics, religion, economics and social issue. Although they all differed in the above, they all had one thing in common, they were religious. With different beliefs but religious.
Due to the fact that it was written after separating from England, it was as a result of eradicating an unjust government and rectifying the errors. William Pen was attempting to reform the society and the foundation colonies were built on. Additionally, the rights that were endowed then were basic human rights that are still used today. For example, the right to a trial still stands today. Another instance is religious freedom.
Jefferson is also once again seen as a contributor of this idea in his writing of the Declaration of Independence stating “all men are created equal.” Differences between the colonies and Europe on this idea were completely different in that the Kings and Monarchy used Christian doctorines to sustain their rule over their kingdoms. The third idea was that central government threatened polity and that a central government possessed too much power over man and many patriots rejected that notion and believed in a divided government unlike old European ways where there political theory was that god entitled political sovereignty to the Monarch’s rule. The fourth point that both deist and evangelicals believed was a cause of the revolution was the lack of virtue the English Government had shown.
Religion also affects the inner workings of a society. However, religion has evolved with time. In earlier societies, only one religion was usually allowed and accepted. In Salem Massachusetts during the Witch Trials, every citizen had to be seen as a good Christian. In this case, religion determined whether or not a person was good and trustworthy.
In 1681, William Penn (1644-1718) received a royal charter from King Charles II which allowed him to be the founder of Pennsylvania in British America. In this document students are able to see The Frame of Government Penn wrote for the new founding middle colony, Pennsylvania. The document was under a deep influence from the writings of James Harrington and was to provide a government for Pennsylvania which stated how many people could be in the council and assembly. Since Penn was known to be a Quaker he wanted this colony to be a haven for Quakers and other religious members who were always persecuted from the Church of England or from the Puritans as well as allowing the rich and the poor to have a voice in political affairs and not overrule one another. By late October 1682 Penn went out on his own to venture into the New World and would some come across an area that he would buy from the Swedes and would then name it Philadelphia.
Pennsylvania and Delaware The pennsylvania colony was one of the thirteen original colonies in America. The delaware colony was one of the thirteen colonies in America, which were divided into three regions including the New england colony , The Middle colonies , and the southern colonies. Pennsylvania was founded as a colony in 1681. Delaware was founded as a colony in 1638.
Jamestown. Jamestown was the first established colony by England, after one of there earlier colony disappeared. The voyage from England to Jamestown was very long and rough the 3 ships carried 144 men and boys who would become the first settlers. The ship crashed and luckily they swam ashore alive, but because of their unawareness Indians attacked them, although they fought them off, there was a big insecurity among them.
The three main colonies that we hear about are Virginia, Plymouth, and Massachusetts. These three colonies basically define all the others, as each group and its main founder either went for a personal financial gain or to escape religious persecution. Virginia was originally settled by Captain John Smith and grew into a successful trade colony through tobacco. Plymouth was originally founded by the Separatists and was lead by William Bradford. Eventually the dwindling Plymouth joined with Massachusetts which was originally Puritan based.
Out of the United States original thirteen, Delaware, New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania made up the four middle colonies. The middle colonies were known for being some of the most diverse settlements out of the original thirteen because of the vast amounts of immigrants coming to them from multiple different European homelands due to their religious tolerances, large amounts of land, fertile soil and various amounts of job opportunities. These reasons along with the middle colonies mass amounts of liberties not only had a major effect on immigration to them, but played a huge role in the creation of the first amendment in the United States Bill of Rights, which includes freedom of religion, and freedom of speech. A various amount of immigrants