Delay Gratification Study

1018 Words5 Pages
The link between attention and self-control in the context of the delay gratification is paradigm is the premise behind a series of experiment led by Dr. Walter Mischel. In this presentation, we will examine the dynamics of self-control and the implications of attention to inhibiting or enhancing alluring cues.

The concept of delay gratification paradigm was inadvertently developed in a field research study in Trinidad, British West Indies, where Dr. Mischel and his colleagues observed cultural implications on personality and preference for delayed gratification between two ethnic groups “Negros and East Indians” (Mischel, 1958). Gathering 53 elementary school children between the ages of 7 and 9 Mischel conducted an experiment
…show more content…
This analysis by Dr. Mischel in his colleagues led to the development of a framework explaining the human capacity to delay gratification, proposing the “hot and cool” system as the vital component in explaining the dynamics of the willpower. According to Metcalfe et. al (1999) the framework of self-control consists of two parts; an emotionally neutral, cognitive “cool system” and an impulsive, highly emotional “hot system”. Essentially, the hot system is responsible for impulsive behaviors while the cool system is reflective, therefore, conflict between two systems occur when one is exposed to alluring cues and the dominance of the other is highly depended on one’s ability to enhance or inhibit self-controlling…show more content…
(1999). A hot/cool-system analysis of delay of gratification: Dynamics of willpower. Psychological Review, 106(1), 3-19. doi:10.1037/0033-295X.106.1.3

Mischel, W. (1958). Preference for delayed reinforcement: An experimental study of a cultural observation. The Journal Of Abnormal And Social Psychology, 56(1), 57-61. doi:10.1037/h0041895

Casey, B. J., Somerville, L. H., Gotlib, I. H., Ayduk, O., Franklin, N. T., Askren, M. K., & ... Shoda, Y. (2011). Behavioral and neural correlates of delay of gratification 40 years later. Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences Of The United States Of America, 108(36), 14998-15003. doi:10.1073/pnas.1108561108

Inge-Marie, E., Vivian, Z., Walter, M., Yuichi, S., Ozlem, A., Mamta B., D., & ... B. J., C. (2006). Predicting Cognitive Control from Preschool to Late Adolescence and Young Adulthood. Psychological Science, (6), 478.

Mischel, W., Ebbesen, E. B., & Raskoff Zeiss, A. (1972). Cognitive and attentional mechanisms in delay of gratification. Journal of personality and social psychology, 21(2),
Open Document