Dementia is the side effects including the decay of subjective capacities with coming about changes in practices that meddle in the capacity to work autonomously in ordinary life. Dementia is the indications of Alzheimer’s ailment. (cited by Dr Guy Proulx,2015) Alzheimer's disease is not just an ailment of perception. It includes behavioural and mental issues. Truth be told, capricious desire, neurosis, sound-related pipedreams, shouting, and unsettling are all components of the dementia, in Alzheimer's ailment.
This neuropathological lesions are located especially in the brain cortex, in the tempoparietal areas. Clinically, AD is defined by the existence of a dementia and a progressive cognitive and functional deterioration, with the gradual appearance of psychological and behavioural alterations. The disease is of a complex, multifunctional and multigene ethology, which from the genetic point of view can be defined as heterogeneous since it can be represented as a familial or sporadic pattern. The onset age varies widely, and this can be the base for classifying the disease’s onset as early or late, being the usual cut point 60/65 years old. In the typical AD development, the disease’s onset is dated around the age of 65, approximately 50% of the cases.
For identifying that one is suffering from dementia several visits with a doctor may be needed. The dementia symptoms usually interfere with the daily life activities. Moreover, the symptoms also affect more than one type of brain functions that includes communication, memory, language or judgment. Below are listed the five stages of Dementia that illustrate the patient’s ability to perform in six different areas of functioning and cognition: orientation, personal care, memory, home and hobbies, judgment, and community. Stage
Reflection of the experience Alzheimer’s unit at the Villa cares for patients that need more special care and have some type of cognitive impairment. The first thing I did was introduce myself to the staff and the residents, I talked with the nurse aids in charge and asked them about the clients, their routines, what activities they like and which ones they don’t. Patients with cognitive impairments benefit from a structure schedule, this helps stimulate his memory and they are able to remember at what time certain things are done. This experience was challenging at first because the short experience we have working with these types of clients, but with the help of the aids and the instructor my stay there was beneficial for my personal and
(2) As the muscle degenerates it causes scarring or hardening (sclerosis) in the particular region. Degeneration of the motor neurons in ALS eventually leads to their death of the neurons. When it occurs, the ability of the brain to initiate and muscle movement control is lost. Since voluntary muscle action gets affected, people may lose their ability to speak, eat, move and breathe. It may also be said that it is neurodegeneration with prodilection for the cortico motor neurons in the motor cortex and the bulbar and spinal motor neurons.
Palliative care is specialized medical for people with serious illness. The goal of palliative care is to improve quality life, and to make the patients last days more comfortable for the patient’s and their families. The doctors decide who should be on hospice, but it is up to the patient’s and their families to make the decision. When the doctors suggest hospice or palliative care they have done everything they could for the patient’s. If the patients decide to go on hospice or palliative care, they have a choice of going home, or to a nursing home to live out the rest of their days.
Available: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/multiple-sclerosis/basics/definition/con-20026689. Last accessed 3rd Nov 2014.). This disease effects the brain and spinal cord. There are some difference symptoms of MS such as; tiredness, bladder and bowel problems, speech problems, blurry vision, memory and thinking are affected, balance, chronic pain and tremors. MS can be treated quite well when the person starts to realise patterns and triggers to their symptoms.
3.1 “Use a case study from a health or social care setting to identify the extent to which individuals are at risk of harm”. Case Study “Ms. Thompson is an elderly person who suffered from physical and mental and limitations and has resided in a skilled nursing facility. APS had received a report that an individual at the facility had shoved Ms. Thompson head through a wall in her room. The perpetrator was not known, but there was a hole in the wall in which bruises on Ms. Thompson body consistently with reported abuse.
Introduction Memory is the ability to maintain and use of information for the appropriate goal (1). Appropriate performance of memory depends on the health of many brain regions, including areas that are very sensitive to injury or disease. Learning and memory impairments are common complaints of individuals with symptoms of neurological disorders that impact on the daily activities and functional capabilities(2–4). Memory impairment is the most important reasons for seeking psychological evaluation in outpatient(2). In addition, many psychiatric and neurological diseases cause impairments in the process of memory(4–6).