(2011), in most cases where the damage is severe, patients usually die within a few days. If they do survive however, from the moment the patients open their eyes, they move out of a coma and, if still unresponsive, evolve into a vegetative state. Typically, the vegetative patient gradually recovers awareness and enters a minimally conscious state. This is often followed by a period of transient
In the past quarter century, vaccines have helped control the outbreak of many diseases, but have caused a spike in chronic brain inflammation and autism. 1 in 6 children have become developmentally delayed, and 1 in 150 have developed autism (Fisher B. , 2013). Autism can develop after the age of 1 or 2, the symptoms of autism include impaired social skills, difficulty responding to stimulation or talking, and have delayed or no speech (NAA, 2018). “Acute brain inflammation, whether it follows infectious disease or vaccination, can become chronic and result in various kinds of mild to severe neurological dysfunction manifested by learning disabilities, ADD/ADHD, seizure disorders, autism, mental retardation, and other developmental disabilities” (Fisher B. , 2009, p. 35). Furthermore, a mercury-based additive thimerosal is a dangerous ingredient found in many vaccines, this additive is used as a preservative (Kaplan, 2017).
The nervous system is the most sufferer organ being principal target of number of metals. The alkyl derivatives of certain metals such as lead, mercury and tin are specially neuro-toxic.22 The symptoms associated with acute lead exposure often involves rapid onset of nausea, headaches, cognitive changes, and emotional disruptions. In chronic exposure, fatigue, decreased processing speed, fine and gross motor deficits, and generally decreased cognitive functioning, neuro-degeneration and psychiatric manifestations like increased depression, anxiety, and irritability are more prevalent.23 It has been observed that immature organisms are particularly susceptible to the adverse neurological effects of chronic lead exposure. As compared to adults,
A wound is a disorder in the normal anatomical structure and function of living tissue which may be caused by physical, chemical, microbiological or immunological injury. Globally wounds also represent a significant burden on the patients and health care professionals or givers. Wound infection is also significant in that they are the most common nosocomial infection (Orrett, 2002) . Infection of the wound is the successful invasion, and proliferation by one or more organisms anywhere within the body’s sterile tissues and sometimes accompanied with pus formation (Calvin, 1998).Wound infection may result to prolong hospital stay, delay wound healing, increases cost of health care and morbidity in surgical patients (Orrett, 2002).. Wound infection with multiple organisms may even result to multiple organ failure or death of the patient when it becomes chronic.
Hypothalamus and pituitary gland Hamartomas, although rare, are non-neoplastic tumors that arise in the hypothalamus and cause devastating consequences, such as seizures, cognitive impairment, behavioral and emotional troubles, hormonal imbalances and early puberty. Surgical removal of the tumor is warranted and surgeons take advantage of the physiological gap between the hemispheres of the brain to gain access to the tumor and remove it. Another less invasive approach is the use of laser generated stereotactic thermo-ablation, which uses light energy to destroy the tumor and surrounding damaged tissue. Likewise, a gamma knife may be used to
2014 Drogheda Institute of Further Education Rebecca McCormack CARE SKILLS 5N0758 Assignment Two Multiple Sclerosis “Multiple sclerosis is an inflammatory disease, where the insulating covers of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord are damaged. This damage disrupts the ability of parts of the nervous system to communicate, resulting in a wide range of signs and symptoms, including physical, mental, and sometimes psychiatric problems between attacks, symptoms may disappear completely; however, permanent neurological problems often occur, especially as the disease advances.” - Wikipedia, 2014 People with MS can have neurological symptoms or signs; loss of sensitivity or changes in sensation such as tingling, pins and needles or numbness, muscle weakness, very pronounced
There are symptoms in this stage include lymph nodes enlargement, body rash, and mouth and skin problems (“Symptoms and Stages”). The second stage is chronic HIV also known as human immunodeficiencyvirus a big sign is cold sores. The third and final stage is eventually getting AIDS. AIDS will eventually kill the person infected. Dying from AIDS can be a slow or long process it could take years, months, or even days.
Unfortunately, there are many ways a patient can be injured or harmed while staying at a hospital. Even though there have been several attempts to make a hospital visit one hundred percent injury preventable, accidents and mistakes still happen. The three leading types of patient injuries are medication errors, patient falls, and pressure ulcers. However, if the entire health care team, such as: health care providers, pharmacists, nurses, etc, work together then hopefully the percentage of patient injury will decrease each year. (Berman, A.
Carcinogens from the environment likely contribute to a large percent of human cancers when related to lifestyle, including diet and tobacco use. Chemical carcinogenesis is a multistage process. Carcinogenic chemicals act by introducing certain genetic changes in a cell (initiation), promoting the foundation of a benign neoplasm (promotion), converting the
Cystic Fibrosis Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a life-threatening inherited disease that causes an extreme increase of abnormal thick secretions, destruction of the lungs and digestive system, and frequent respiratory infections. In this paper it will go in depth about how one obtains the disease, the statistic of CF, the sign and symptoms, the method of diagnosis, and the treatment with a special interest in lung transplants. This paper will glance into a interesting case study of a CF patient post lung transplant that obtained candida albican pancreatitis.CF is a very serious medical condition that has a variety of symptoms, diagnostic tools, and treatments. CF was discovered in 1938 and since then there has been a great amount of information observed
Goodpasture and Anderson detected multinucleated giant cells in a human skin/ chorioallantoic membrane culture system infected with herpes zoster lesion fluid in 1944 (107), and infectious VZV was isolated in tissue culture by Weller and Stoddard in 1953 (258). Knowledge about the molecular virology of VZV and mecha- nisms of pathogenicity has grown during the past two decades. The complete VZV genome has been sequenced, the infectiv- ity of intact VZV DNA has been demonstrated (39, 53), and, most recently, infectious virus has been produced from cos- mids spanning the genome (39). Antiviral agents that modify the severity of varicella and herpes zoster have been devel- oped, and a live attenuated varicella vaccine that protects against primary VZV infection is now licensed for clinical use (3, 245, 260,