Introduction of Democracy in Malaysia Democracy Democracy is a system that people decide and make decision as a group. The terms of Democracy formed by ancient Greeks that combine the words demos which mean people and krates which also mean as rule. So that the Democracy are refer to people-power or rule by people. The principle of democracy is, all the people have a vote and rights in decision making. Normally, the principle of democracy use in the form of government to make law and election.
INTRODUCTION Former US President, Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) defines democracy in his Gettysburg Address delivered in 1864 as the government of the people, by the people and for the people” (Lincoln, 1864). Different authors have given several definition of the term. Among them is David Held, a renowned authority on the concept. He defined democracy as: “Democracy means a form of government in which, in contradistinction monarchies and aristocracies, the people rule. Democracy entails a political community in which there is some form of political equality among the people” (Nitisha) Democracy as a system of government has different origins to different people.
However up until 500 BCE, the concept of Democracy was a foreign concept, and the great civilizations of that era were run by monarchs, aristocrats, and religious leaders of sorts. The term, Democracy, stems from the Greek word ‘demokratia’ which means rule by the people and it wasn’t until around 500 BCE in Athens where the first examples of democracy originated. While Athens is widely regarded as the first historical example of a democratic system, some scholars believe that the Roman Empire’s republic system was more democratic than that of the Greek. As I will come to
Democracy is a political system which, at its core, enshrines the public sovereignty through the representative mechanism. In democracy, political representation by popular vote is a source of the political legitimacy on which the government practice the state power. As always, we have learnt about “power tends to corrupt, absolute power corrupts absolutely” , say Lord Acton , we , in democracies , need to set up control mechanism over usage of power . On the other hand, the government can do nothing for the people without having considerable powers such as taxation, law makings, law enforcement and probing social and political issues and the likes . In concept of Democracy, the power must be limited and put under “check and balance” mechanism.
Democracies are a type of government that put the people first, giving them rights and equality. According to Voltaire, “The best government seems to be that in which all ranks of men are equally protected by the laws” (Document 4) When all the people are equal under the law it also prevents any uprising against
There are several mainstreams forms of government, why democracy is regarded as an ideal form of government which agreed by the majority? Winston Churchill even said before, “Democracy is the worst form of government, except for all the others.” Though democracy is an unsatisfactory form of government, it is better than dictatorial government or oligarchy, especially in ancient times. There are not too many civilizations accept democracy as the form of government, but it was first practiced in Ancient Greece. Although at that time, only free men were counted as citizens, not included women, children, or slaves, vote was first developed in Ancient Greece. Five hundred names were drawn from a pool of all name of Athens citizens and those people could have a chance to make new laws and change old laws, then all citizens of Athens needed to vote for those laws.
Democracy refers to a governmental structure in which control is in the hands of the citizens. Democracy was developed in Greece at approximately 500 B.C.E. Many say it is the birthplace of democracy. According to our reading assignment from last week, “Athens was the first and perhaps the most radically pure form of democracy in history” (Brand, n.d., p. 28). In Athens, each year fifty councilors from each of the ten demos were chosen.
Democracies are divided into two categories; direct and representative democracy. In a direct democracy, all citizens can participate in making public decisions without the existence of an elected or appointed officials. Such a system is best practiced with a small number of people in organizations, councils or unions. The best example to portray direct democracy would be in ancient Athens; direct democracy was practiced in an assembly of 5,000 to 6,000
Local political control afforded police the chance to enhance populace being reactive to narrow requests. This also amplified police misconduct. In the nineteenth century the majority of police departments in the United States mirrored the circumstances contiguous to municipal agencies. The police became a significant element in the corrupt opinionated political sectors. Officers brought into the force were “hired and promoted solely on the basis of political loyalties and payoffs” (Sherman, 1974) .
Conceptualizing Democracy in Bangladesh 1. Introduction: Democracy is one of the well-accepted form of political system of the present time which is the alternative to authoritarian political system. The wave of transitions away from autocratic rule started from the nineteenth century when many authoritarian political system in the West turns into democracy. There are many contributing factors that drives the authoritarian political systems to the democratic systems, such as struggle between monarchs and estates, struggle between church and state, peasants struggle against excessive taxation, the global change of commerce, technology, religious strife etc. (Held 2006, p.56).The development of democracy