These political systems range from direct democracies to totalitarian regimes, such as military dictatorships. Common systems in the modern world include democratic republics, monarchies, and representative democracies. There are also primarily theoretical types of governments, like a strict meritocracy. One of the most often-talked about political system is a representative democracy. This is a system in which representatives are directly elected by the citizens, and these representatives then make political decisions for the people, with the assumption that their decisions will reflect the general will of the republic.
I say more towards Consensus because Germany really puts an emphasis on representation of all differing bodies or parties, so that not one party has majority like power or influence in enactment of laws. Germany has a bicameral legislature with its lower house, the Bundestag, and its upper house, the Bundesrat. The Bundestag consists of 622 deputies, and the Bundesrat consisting of 69 members. The way legislation is passed is by “legislation [being] submitted to the upper house before being sent to the lower house. The Bundesrat must approve all laws that affect the states (including laws that require states to implement policies of the federal government), giving it an effective veto power over about one-third of all legislation.” (O’Neil, Fields, & Share 223) This hinders power of majority in passing laws without consulting other differing parties in regards to the same policies.
Voting is also a democratic process. The main action is set by the government or can even be set upon citizens’ request. However, it is executed by the American citizens. According to US Citizenship and Immigration Service (n.d). “Voting ensures that our system of government is maintained and individual voices are clearly heard by elected officials.” For instance, this responsibility was set to be a guide law to citizens for them to understand the importance of voting.
The people have popular sovereignty, they control the government. The Preamble of the Constitution states, “We the People,” as in the citizens of the United States. The people are the ones who decide whether or not the government is able to do something. Senators and Representatives directly represent their constituents. The people rule their country through their Congress members.
Democracy encompasses the participation of all the citizens of a particular country based on the constitution and rule of law, this form of government brings economic development. On the contrary, the self-appointed rulers in the Aristocracy and Oligarchy forms of government are nothing but political gadflies. References Brand, P. J. (2017). Athens & Sparta: Democracy vs.
THAILAND AND DEMOCRACRY Terminologically, the word democracy comes from Greek words demo (people) and kratein (to govern; to rule). Democracy basically is government in which the supreme power is vested in the people. Another popular definition of democracy is comes from Abraham Lincoln who stated that democracy as the government of the people, by the people and for the people. To specify the meaning of democracy, a number of indicators can be used to define what democracy is all about. There are many aspects that make democracy as the democracy that political minds always refer to.
Douglas Amy (2005) describes a proportional government as a representative election where all voters are recognized and all political parties deserve to be represented in the legislative body in proportion to their percentage of votes from the election. Normally this is done in an election where one person represents an electoral district, however, in some cases there is more than one person elected. Or there are seats in the legislature set aside and given to each party based on the portion of the vote in total they
Democracy signifies participation of the people in the execution of their regime (Beramendi 2008). A democratic government is run by the people and its aim is public interest. Similarly, Backer and Raveloson (2008) explain democracy as a government which comes into power through general public, is practiced by the public and is there to work for the best interest of the public. Democracy can also be understood in opposition of other government systems; dictatorships, monarchies and aristocracies. In government systems, other than democracy, mostly, people have no or minute control over who will rule their state; contrarily, in democracy, people themself decide who will govern them or how their country will be run (Zimmermann 2012).
Local government may be defined in many ways by different people, one may say it’s an organization that makes sure that the community receives all the services they require, one might also say it’s a sphere of government that is in the center of the people. However Van der Walt et al (2014) states that “local government is an invaluable socio-political laboratory for testing various new government proposals on a small
Before starting my actual topic I should tell about what is Democracy. Democracy is the system of government in which people of the state get involved in making the decisions of the state by electing a government of their choice by voting. They do voting to elect the people who will represent them in parliament or similar type of assembly. There is this saying that Democracy is the political system which is “From the people to the people”. It is the type of system in which people elect the government by voting in free and fair elections.