The agora of Athens was rebuilt after the Persian war to the ionic type which was more symmetrical. This type was preferred and later on was developed in the Hellenistic and roman times. (encyolopedia, 2011) By the late Neolithic era the agora of Athens was heavily used. It started as the center of Greek people in their politics and economics by the sixth century it was also consider as a place for government and judiciary also a place for citizens to debate, as mentioned before it’s a place for worship and a marketplace as well. The Athens agora also consider to be the first place to practice a democratic political system.
Forms of Government: Monarch, Aristocracy, Oligarch, Democracy, and Tyranny Introduction In ancient Greek political systems, there were different forms of government, such as Monarchy, Aristocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy, and Tyranny. In this essay, we will illustrate, compare and contrast these government forms. Monarchy is an old form of government; a monarch, such as a king or a queen, rules a kingdom or empire. In a constitutional monarchy, the monarch's power is limited by a constitution, but in an absolute monarchy, the monarch has unlimited power. Aristocracy, which was the combination of Greek words “aristos” means "excellent", and “kratos” means "power" (Oxford English Dictionary, 1989).
Simonton’s argument on oligarchy as an ideological commitment to anti-democracy that was historically preserved by political institutions is a brand new scholarly theory. How does Beard’s historical account of the rise of the Republic maybe tell a story of an oligarchy trying to accommodate the popularity of popular government while still maintaining control? The rise of the Republic is poorly documented yet again by the Romans, Beard notes. The Roman mania for simplification hid much of what had happened; this simplification also arose from the fact that there were few records. Beard describes the political structure of the early Republic and looks at Barbatus as a primary example.
THAILAND AND DEMOCRACRY Terminologically, the word democracy comes from Greek words demo (people) and kratein (to govern; to rule). Democracy basically is government in which the supreme power is vested in the people. Another popular definition of democracy is comes from Abraham Lincoln who stated that democracy as the government of the people, by the people and for the people. To specify the meaning of democracy, a number of indicators can be used to define what democracy is all about. There are many aspects that make democracy as the democracy that political minds always refer to.
In Athens Greece, Aristotle was a Greek philosopher who wrote a book called Politics, what laws and government the people of Athens lived under in 350 B.C. These two ancient civilizations were 1430 years apart from each other. In those 1430 years it is thought that politics and laws would have advanced since the time of Babylon. By the time of Aristotle, the laws were far less harsher than those of Babylon. In the
Compare and contrast monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy, and democracy as forms of government in Ancient Greek city-states. Introduction I’m going to address the similarities and differences between Athens and Sparta’s societies in terms of their monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy and democracy. Monarchy During the late Bronze Age (2,000 - 1,200 BC) all Greek poleis had a monarch, however, this would drastically change after the Dark Age (1,200 BC) where Athens was left with only a palace and no king, it was the end of their monarchy. Sparta, managed to maintain a monarchy with two kings that descended from two royal families, the Agiads and Europontids (Carr, 2015). The kings didn’t hold complete power though, that belonged to the Ephors, the five magistrates.
There are several mainstreams forms of government, why democracy is regarded as an ideal form of government which agreed by the majority? Winston Churchill even said before, “Democracy is the worst form of government, except for all the others.” Though democracy is an unsatisfactory form of government, it is better than dictatorial government or oligarchy, especially in ancient times. There are not too many civilizations accept democracy as the form of government, but it was first practiced in Ancient Greece. Although at that time, only free men were counted as citizens, not included women, children, or slaves, vote was first developed in Ancient Greece. Five hundred names were drawn from a pool of all name of Athens citizens and those people could have a chance to make new laws and change old laws, then all citizens of Athens needed to vote for those laws.
1 Introduction Constitutionalism is the idea, often associated with the political theory that an authority wielding public power or purporting to represent the interest of the governed and should be legally limited in its powers, and that its authority or legitimacy depends on its observing these limitations. The origins of the term democracy can be traced back to Ancient Greece. According to Heywood like other words ending in ‘cracy’, democracy is derived from the Greek word kratos, meaning power or rule. Democracy thus means ‘rules by the demos’ (the demos referring to ‘the people’, although Greeks originally used this to mean ‘the poor’ or ‘the many’). 2 Democracy 2.1 Definition of democracy According to Heywood amongst meanings that have been attached to the word ‘democracy’ are the following: a system of rules by the poor and disadvantaged; a form of government in which the people rule themselves directly and continuously, without the need for professional politicians or public officials; a society based on equal opportunity and individual merit, rather than hierarchy and privilege; a system of welfare and redistribution aimed at narrowing social inequalities; a system of decision-making based on the principle of majority rule; a system of rule that secures the rights and interests of minorities by placing checks upon the power of the majority; a means of filling public offices through a competitive struggle for the popular vote; a system of government that serves
As a matter of fact one of best known political systems today is the democracy. Yet two popular types prevail - direct and representative. In direct also known as pure democracy, people personally participate in the decision-making and governing process. Their vote has straightforward power over what happens and the majority rules. Whereas in the representative democracy we - the citizens elect politicians, who speak for us and likewise decide on initiatives.
This paper aims to discuss the relationship of freedom to democracy and the assumption of development in a democratizing country. Furthermore, it also intends to discuss how freedom affects development and vice versa. The word democracy is one of the commonly used terms in the political vocabulary. Democracy is a word that has been given different meanings by different people. The term has originated from the Greek word demokratia: a combination of “demos” and “kratos.” Demos can be translated as consisted of exclusively free adult males of strictly Athenian descent and kratos as power (Held, 2006, p. 11;Ober, 2007, p. 2).