However up until 500 BCE, the concept of Democracy was a foreign concept, and the great civilizations of that era were run by monarchs, aristocrats, and religious leaders of sorts. The term, Democracy, stems from the Greek word ‘demokratia’ which means rule by the people and it wasn’t until around 500 BCE in Athens where the first examples of democracy originated. While Athens is widely regarded as the first historical example of a democratic system, some scholars believe that the Roman Empire’s republic system was more democratic than that of the Greek. As I will come to
With these reasons, and many other, democracy becomes one of the best systems for governing, going over socialism. Democracy may not be the perfect system of government, but it is considered the best compared to other types of government. Democracy promotes the freedom and the equal right of an individual to self-development. People in a democratic society
Forms of Government: Monarch, Aristocracy, Oligarch, Democracy, and Tyranny Introduction In ancient Greek political systems, there were different forms of government, such as Monarchy, Aristocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy, and Tyranny. In this essay, we will illustrate, compare and contrast these government forms. Monarchy is an old form of government; a monarch, such as a king or a queen, rules a kingdom or empire. In a constitutional monarchy, the monarch's power is limited by a constitution, but in an absolute monarchy, the monarch has unlimited power. Aristocracy, which was the combination of Greek words “aristos” means "excellent", and “kratos” means "power" (Oxford English Dictionary, 1989).
Democracy and the Scope of People Representation Democracy is a system of government that has different characteristics. Democracy is any form of government in which the rules of society are decided by the people who will be bound by them. This research paper is going to focus on the great idea of democracy and also, it is going to discuss two quotes, one by Plato and the other one is by Winston Churchill. In addition to that, there is going to be an introduction on some arguments about democracy from both Plato and Churchill. Both Plato and Winston Churchill were not great believers of democracy and they saw democracy as dangerous.
In Corinth for instance, the people overthrew the oligarchy because of their harsh rule. Only in one state was there a stable oligarchic rule, Sparta. The Democracy The democracy is the type of rule where power is in the hands of the people. The word democracy comes from the Greek terms demos (meaning people) and kratos (meaning
He wanted people to work in a well-balanced environment to make world an exceptional place to live. Plato and Aristotle both established their theories mainly on knowledge. Plato was the pioneer of the written conversation and combative forms in philosophy, which emerge with him. He proposed that the soul of every creature is confined in his body. Basically soul bears the knowledge since birth but it comes out with due course.
In his passage of Crito, Plato examines the thought of honor in following through one’s own promise. Socrates cannot leave or escape because it would not acceptable. His whole life, he had the choice of leaving this city. However, he welcomed the knowing of what the laws stood for to take advantage of the city had to offer. Again, Plato is addressing the idea that a person's inner virtues are worth more than the circumstances that attempt to govern him.
The first one would be the right to have your own separate identity, which included freedom of speech, possibility of having a personalized business and the absence of censure. Being able to establish yourself as an individual is an essential trait of a healthy political system. Also, the system is governed by the people, as the etymology of the word democracy suggests: “Greek dēmokratia, from dēmos ‘the people’ + -kratia ‘power, rule’”, meaning that the changes in the state power are done through a conscious manner by all its citizens and not through force or
An informed and reflective preferences of the citizens who have taken the time to listen to their fellow citizens leads to a belief in deliberative democracy; there are several good things in deliberative society because there is a greater likelihood that citizens would make a good decision, there is a deeper understanding to the idea of rational deliberation and there would be a greater likelihood of a mutual understanding and consensus among citizens. These reasons build a strong foundation of deliberative democracy. Citizens do an adequate job of canvassing the facts and values that ought to guide the decision. There are many examples of successful deliberative democracy. According to a World Bank study, the “Porto Alegre Experiment” in Brazil has demonstrable benefits in fostering economic development with the help of tens of thousands of people debating and deciding on budgetary priorities.
However, this is tied directly to the fundamental understanding of democracy in that citizens have the power to influence their sovereign through becoming the sovereign (through majority decisions). Democracy is good. Democracy is bad whenever the majority abuses its freedoms to serve individual desire. In other words, the characteristics of a democracy are solely dependent on its citizens and there might be more of a convincing reason to believe that both Plato and Aristotle’s criticisms are a result of human nature, instead of democracy itself. IV.