Democratization In Political Science

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Democratization Political Science dates back to the time of Aristole, but modern political science is a product of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It is the product of the political systems of Western Europe and North America and it is ultimately linked to the study of comparative politics. Modernization theory is the expression used for the transition from a traditional society to a modern society as it is found today in the West. It refers to the development or underdevelopment of countries as a model of financial and social development that explains global inequality in terms of differing levels of technological development among societies. What the theory suggests is that by introducing modern approaches to technology, agricultural production, industrialization and modern political institutions the underdeveloped countries will experience economic well-being and a general improvement of living standards. The conditions for the establishment of a Democratic State have been the subject of many debates in Comparative Politics, this paper will be discussing the Modernization Theory, Barrington Moore’s Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy, and contrasting it with Charles Tilly’s argument on Social movement and Democratization. The idea of modernization is reasonably new. Marquis de Condorcet is a French philosopher who is involved in the roots of modernization theory with the concept that technological developments and economic changes can

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