Modernisation theory suggests that third world or underdeveloped countries are so because of their antiquated traditional social, political and economic structures or institutions. Campbell (2013) also states that according to the theory, in order for these countries to develop, they have to industrialise and also urbanise. However, before they can industrialise they must overcome their traditional structures by shifting from traditional values to ones more affable to industrialisation. Huntington presents this notion as having characteristics to its process and at the second stage he illustrates that modernisation is a complex process. It cannot be easily reduced to single factor or
Modernisation is often defined as a phenomenon in which a society experiences industrialisation, urbanization and other social changes that totally change the lives of people. But it should be kept in mind that modernization is more than the tangible changes that we see in the world around us. It does not only indicate any rationality or development, but rather it just symbolizes a procedure of progress. Actually, "Modernisation" is comprehended as a procedure which shows the appropriation of the present day lifestyles and qualities. The term was being utilized already to allude just "to change in economy and its related impact on social values and practices".
In this essay the writer defines/summarises the major limitations of modernization theory and argues that modernisation theory has transformed traditional communities norms and beliefs to modern society namely through transition of the communities, capitalism, division of labour, extraction of natural resources and politics. Summary Modernisation theory is the process of the transition a country/nation undergo when changing from a traditional community to a modern community, HYPERLINK "http://www.study.com" www.study.com (2016) it began in the 1950s in the developing countries. Traditional community is the community that has a small population, often use ancient cultural practices and beliefs. On the contrary, the modern community is more
Modernism is the positive rejection of the past and the blind belief in the process of change. It is more than just a time period, or a particular geographical happening. It is something grander and more strange than that, irreducible to singular coordinates. It is the story of human growth, with its continual changes in form and meaning. And it is a story of acceleration.
Likewise, philosophy of development has traditionally attached with this modernism paradigm. ‘Modernism’ implies the opposite of traditionalism. So to modernize is to be transformed from traditional life style to the advanced standard of living. This assumption undermined the societal development into dual form categorization: traditional and modern. Traditional society has been considered as undeveloped/underdeveloped one whereas modern one is as advanced society that the former seeks and has to achieve in the process.
Modernization theorists have the belief that all first world or developed countries were initially and originally at some stage of their history an agricultural orientated society that was very concentrated on the idea of values and norms as well as the notion that there was very little division of labour (Ritzer, 2000: 77). In addition, modernization theorists have the assumption and beliefs that all states that are characterised as ‘’First World’’ were originally, prior to their current economic, social and political positions, an agricultural society that had evolved into a modern society by the means of utilising industrial means to increase levels of productivity and thus allowing for the maximisation of profits and turnover. Many modernization theorists have come to the conclusion that traditional or ‘’pre-modern’’ states make use traditional or ‘’primitive’’ methods of generating profits would thus be deemed as ‘’Third
It could be said that reaction of modernization is expanded by the globalization which as a product of modernization according to John McGrath (McGrath & Martin, 229). Therefore, modernization has become a through process of systematic change that affects all aspects (culture, tradition, social organization) of societies (McGrath & Martin, 229). In many cases, modernization forces change on people by disturbing traditional types of authority, ways of doing business, and patterns of social interaction (McGrath & Martin, 239). What this means is
Modernism is a revolutionary movement that affected world war one and the huge breakthrough in technology. Modernism extended from 1890 to 1940 reaching its peak between 1920-1930. Modernism refers to a radical shift in aesthetic and cultural sensibilities evident in the art and literature of the post-world war one period. Modernism, thus, marks a distinctive break with Victorian morality rejecting the nineteenth-century optimism, and presenting a profoundly pessimistic picture of a culture in disarray. Modernism is a revolt against the conservative values of realism, and a rejection of tradition and its reprise, and the certainty of enlightenment thinking.
Modernity is a term used to describe the condition of being "Modern". The term modern is used to describe a wide range of periods. Modernity must be taken in context. It is associated with the changes that took place in the society and particularly in the fields of art and literature. There is however, no clear margin by date.
The movement of modernism is a movement that has been associated with the transformation of the western societies through development of industrial societies that then resulted to the development of cities. It is a movement that was conceived through the need to develop after the catastrophic events of the world wars. One of the main factors that the modernism has influenced is the aspect of architecture. The movement was developed as a way to reject and relinquish the traditional procedures of planning and adopting better and new methods that are capable of improving the social condition of people . The movement first began in Europe and later spread to the United States of America.