First, in the 1950s were rapidly declining mortality caused a rapid change in the number, composition, and growth of the Indonesian population. At that time the population increased rapidly because fertility did not immediately follow the decline in mortality. Second, in the late 1970s, it was characterized by a relatively rapid decline in fertility rate. This second demographic transition is still ongoing, with the impact seen from the decline in population growth rates from the 1980s-1990s. Third, it began in the 1990s that changed the regional composition of the population in Indonesia.
NETHERLANDS Demographic Transition The population of Netherlands doubled from 5.1 to 10.0 million people between 1900 and 1950. From 1951 to 2000 the population increased from 10.0 to 15.9 million people, increasing by a smaller proportion Netherlands experiences low birth rates and low death rates and thus lies in Stage III of demographic transition model. The rate of natural increase is also decreasing in Netherlands. Population Pyramid Netherlands population pyramid has a contracting type as shown below.
1. Introduction Income inequality has grown significantly during this past decades and this phenomenon continues to increase over the years. This problem is constantly discussed in the daily news all around the world. Several consequences of this increase of inequality between people leads to economic problems such as high unemployment rates, lack of work for young people, fall of demand for certain product. The gap between rich and poor is increasing, the rich are richer and the poor are poorer as a result politicians and economists try to adopt certain policies in order to reduce this gap.
Underpopulation was an issue some time ago but with all these changes in the world, the population is increasing exponentially. Overpopulation is the issue economists, environmentalists and researchers now argue about, and they discuss the problems that it will bring in the future. In 1991, there were approximately 5.4 billon people in the world, according to the Population Reference Bureau, if our growth rate is not reduced soon, it is estimated that by the year 2050, the world’s population
Incarceration rates have skyrocketed over the last forty years-- which could be interpreted as good or bad. There have been many questions surrounding incarceration directly being linked to a drop in crime rate: both positive and negative. One pair of economical authors, Steven Levitt and Stephen Dubner, approached this concept from a mostly-positive outlook: the high incarceration rate was responsible for one-third of the crime drop in the 1990’s (123-124). The authors use high incarceration rate along with innovative police strategies, plummet of the crack market, and aging in the population to make a base argument of reasons for crime drop; however, the main argument they utilize is the legalization of abortions (Levitt and Dubner 120-121,
The unequal distribution of income in America in the 1920’s led to the increased wealth of the highest percent in America, and the increased poorness of the lowest percent. In the time between 1920 and 1929, the top 1% rose in income by 75%, while the rest of America only grew a total 9% as a whole. After 1929, unemployment rates were at an incredible high. Between 1930 and 1940, the rate ranged from between 21.3% to 37.6%. (Document 4)
1992-2010 data from Wolff (2012). Table 3 represents the share of wealth held by the bottom 99% and top 1% in the United States from 1949 to 2010. Change of wealth distribution is not favorable for the bottom 99% as this class obtaining less and less wealth while the top 1%’s wealth is expanding. The gap between the rich and the poor is increasing.
How and what can you do to address the issue? The rising life expectancy and the drop in fertility result in an ageing population throughout Pakistan, which increase the risk of recurrent hospitalization and it is evident from daily patient census of older adult is 30% in women health care. Therefor
There are number causes of youth unemployment. The most significantly is poor macroeconomic performance. Youth are more affected because youth unemployment tends to be super-cyclical. It fluctuates stronger than adult unemployment (Ryan, et al., 2000).
The growth of per capita income in India during the colonial period (1820-1913) was very low, while Europe and countries like U.S. and Japan grew significantly faster. During the last phase of colonialism which proved to be brutal for India, per capita income declined to (negative) -0.22% (1913-1950). On the other hand, after gaining independence, per capita income in India reached and grew at 1.4% (1950-1973) which was almost 3 times faster than what it had attained during 1870-1913 under colonial rule. During 1973-2001, per capita income reached a level of 3.01% which was substantially higher than the U.S., U.K. & Japan and outstanding 7% during
Cabela’s accounts payable has seen relatively similar increases and decreases as its accounts payable. They experienced a huge decrease in AP % Change/ Overall % Change in Sales from 2006-2007. This could be in large part to the recession taking place, causing the company to carry less inventory, thus less accounts payables. Regarding their AP turnover ratio, it has fluctuated continuously over the period, ranging from 1-2.5. Cabela’s DPO ratio has increased throughout the 10 year period.
In this way, every economic factors of the nation is affected by recession. Q.5 Business cycle is the fluctuation in the nation 's economy over a period of time. It is defined in terms of boom and recession. During boom, there is expansion in the economy whereas during recession there is contraction.
This system encouraged higher costs and fees and provided no incentive to control spending. In fact, spending skyrocketed. Over the course of a decade, from 1975 to 1985, Medicare annual spending per beneficiary rose from $472 to $1,579.4 Despite efforts to alter the Medicare reimbursement system, costs continue to climb. The reimbursement system was slow to move away from the fee-for-service model and contributed to this high inflation rate. As healthcare spending increased, financial strain was placed on businesses, individuals, and the government.