Dengue Fever Essay

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Abstract
Dengue is one of the most important mosquito-borne viral disease in the world. It is caused by the four dengue virus which is DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3 and DENV-4. Dengue may cause other diseases such as self-limited dengue fever, life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) and even dengue shock syndrome (DSS). Failure of circulatory system, enlargement of the liver, shock and death will occur in severe cases of dengue fever.
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Introduction
Dengue fever, which is also known as breakbone fever, is one of the most rapidly spreading mosquito-borne viral disease in the world which is caused by four dengue virus (DENV-1-4) . The disease is transmitted through the biting of Aedes aegypti, the primary vector of dengue fever . The symptoms of this disease range from mild fever to severe problems like the failure of circulatory system and eventually can lead to death.
History of dengue
Chinese medical encyclopedia from the Jin Dynasty (265–420 AD) had recorded the first case of dengue fever which was associated with “water poison” by flying insects . Dengue has emerged as an extremely serious public health problem in the Western Pacific Region as more than 100 million dengue cases were reported in Malaysia, Vietnam, Philippines and Cambodia which these four countries have the highest number of dengue cases and deaths between
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However, early diagnosis and treatment from healthcare professions may increase the survival of the patients. Preventing dehydration is very important as high fever and vomiting can dehydrate the body. Some painkillers such as paracetamol and aspirin might reduce the fever and ease the pain . As for more severe cases, intravenous fluid supplementation (IV drip), blood transfusion and hospital care may help the person to recover from dengue fever . However, the recovery period depends on the severity of the disease.
Dengue prevention and

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