Dengue Fever Literature Review

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Literature Review
Dengue fever is a painful, debilitating mosquito-borne disease caused by any one of four closely related dengue viruses. These viruses are related to the viruses that cause West Nile infection, infected mosquitoes typically spread West Nile virus. The mosquito first bites an infected bird and then bites a human or other animal. In rare, isolated incidents, blood transfusions, organ transplants, breastfeeding, or pregnancy can transfer the virus and spread the illness and there is Yellow Fever which also is transmitted by the same species of mosquito, Aëdes argentous, Poir. (Aegypti, L.), and the mechanism of transmission for both diseases is strikingly similar. Epidemics of both dengue and yellow fever are, therefore, subject to the same control measures and it is mainly found in sub-Saharan Africa, South America and parts of the Caribbean.
Dengue goes by other names, including “breakbone fever” or “dandy fever”. Victims of dengue often have contortions due to the intense joint,
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Shock occurs after 2 to 6 days with sudden collapse, cool clammy extremities, weak thready pulse, and blueness around the mouth. There is bleeding with easy bruising, blood spots in the skin (petechiae), spitting up blood (hematemesis), blood in the stool (melena), bleeding gums and nosebleeds (epistaxis). Pneumonia and heart inflammation (myocarditis) may be present. The mortality is appreciable ranging from 6 to 30%. Most deaths occur in children. Infants under a year of age are especially at risk of death. It is also called Philippine or Southeast Asian hemorrhagic

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