First, 50 mL of the sample was placed into a 250 mL Erlenmeyer flask, and onto a stirring plate. Then, the pH of the solution was measured and adjusted to be within the range of 4 and 6, using nitric acid and sodium hydroxide. After the pH was optimal for the experiment, a single mL of indicator- acidifier reagent was added to the sample. Then, 50 mL of mercuric nitrate was place into a burette and titrated with the sample until the color of the solution turned from blue to purple. The volume of titrant used for the reaction to reach endpoint was recorded.
In addition, phenolphthalein was added as an indicator. The aliquots were titrated against sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution until end point was reached, after which volume of NaOH consumed was recorded. The value of the rate constant, k, obtained was 0.0002 s-1. The experiment was then repeated with 40/60 V/V isopropanol/water mixture and a larger value of k = 0.0007 s-1 was obtained. We concluded that the rate of hydrolysis of (CH3)3CCl is directly proportional to water content in the solvent mixture.
Verna Wang Hannah Palmer CHEM 101-069 Lab 11-19-16 Stoichiometry and Limiting Reagents Lab Report Purpose: We are using the reaction of sodium hydroxide and calcium chloride to illustrate stoichiometry by demonstrating proportions needed to cause a reaction to take place. Background: Just like a recipe would call for a specific amount of one ingredient to a specific amount of another, stoichiometry is the same exact method for calculating moles in a chemical reaction. Sometimes, we may not have enough of or too much of one ingredient , which would be defined as limiting and excess reagent, respectively. Ideally, every mole of each reagent would be used up, and theoretical yield, we are assuming that every last mole of the reactants would
Introduction The goal of the experiment is to examine how the rate of reaction between Hydrochloric acid and Sodium thiosulphate is affected by altering the concentrations. The concentration of Sodium thiosulfate will be altered by adding deionised water and decreasing the amount of Sodium thiosulphate. Once the Sodium thiosulphate has been tested several times. The effect of concentration on the rate of reaction can be examined in this experiment. The chemical equation for this experiment is hydrochloric acid + sodium thiosulphate + deionised water (ranging from 25ml to 0ml in 5ml intervals) sodium chloride + deionised water (ranging from 25ml to 0ml in 5ml intervals) + sulphur dioxide + sulphur.
• Carefully decant the solvent solution from the drying agent through the funnel into the flask. Rinse the Erlenmeyer flask with about 10 ml of solvent and pour the solvent through the funnel, too. Remove the funnel, add two or three boiling chips and reattach the thermometer and adapter to the still pot. • Discard the magnesium sulfate remaining in the Erlenmeyer flask by dissolving it in tap water and pouring the solution down the drain. • Before beginning the distillation, weigh a clean, dry 1 narrow mouth screw cap bottle on a balance.
Introduction: In this lab, of water in a hydrate, or a substance whose crystalline structure is bound to water molecules by weak bonds, is determined by heating up a small sample of it. By heating, the water of hydration, or bound water, is removed, leaving only what is called an anhydrous compound. Based on the percent water in the hydrate, it can be classified as one of three types: BaCl2O ⋅ 2H20, with a percent water of about 14.57%, CuSO4 ⋅ 5H2O, which has about 36.0%, and CuCl2 ⋅5H20 (21.17%). Materials: Ring stand, ring clamp, evaporating dish, Bunsen burner, clay triangle, crucible tongs, electronic balance, sample of hydrated salt. Methods: Weight a clean, dry, porcelain evaporating dish on the electric balance and record this mass on an appropriate data table.