Dental Calculus Case Study

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Giant Dental Calculus in the Retromolar Region of a Young Female: A Case Report ABSTRACT Calculus consists of mineralized bacterial plaque that is formed on natural teeth surfaces . Based on its relation with gingival margin it is divided into supragingival or subgingival. Supragingival calculus is commonly seen over the buccal surfaces of maxillary molars and lingual surfaces of mandibular anterior teeth. The predisposing factor for calculus formation has to be ruled out. In the present case of a 25 year- old female , 3x2 cm large indurated mass was found in the left side of retromolar region and radiograph was taken. After surgical removal, an embedded crown portion was evident along with an indurated mass. Biochemical analysis revealed approximately equal level of calcium and phosphate ions to that of the level in calculus. Thus diagnosis of calculus was made. Keywords: Supragingival calculus, Surgical removal, Biochemical analysis. INTRODUCTION The term 'calculus ' was originated in the 18th century, for accidental or incidental mineral buildups in human and animal bodies, like kidney stones and minerals on teeth2. Saliva from the parotid gland is seen on the facial surfaces of upper molars through Stenson 's duct, whereas the orifices of Wharton 's duct and Bartholin 's duct empty onto lingual surfaces of the lower incisors from the submandibular and sublingual glands. This ultimately leads to the formation of

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