The first tool that oral professionals use for caries detection is done visually by using their eyes. The oldest method for detecting the changes within the tooth structure is the microporosity of enamel, which is done with the transmission of light through the enamel. Next, would be color changes within the tooth enamel and dentin followed by defects within the enamel. These all can be detected with the direct vision by the clinician’s eyes or vision associated with a mirror and a standard dental light. In addition, by detecting a small dental defect a small, rounded-end dental explorer or probe can be used (Braga., 2010; Van Dorp., 1988; Ekstrand.,
Dental Trauma Rating Request for a Service Connected Dental Injury. July 1970: My teeth were broken and knocked out in a service connected injury while serving with the US Grasp ARS-24 during overseas duty. I received temporary dental repair at this time. A few days after this dental injury occurred I was shipped back to the states. San Diego, California July 1970: I received a permanent repair to my broken and missing teeth.
Dentistry is known as the field of study that ultimately pertains to the health and treatment of the teeth and mouth. This profession deals with the prevention and treatment of diseases and malformations of the teeth, gums, and oral cavity. It also deals with removal, correction, and replacement of decayed, damaged, or lost parts, including such operations as the filling and crowning of teeth, the straightening of teeth, and the construction of artificial dentures (Dictionary). The Baltimore College of Dental Surgery was the first dental college that opened in 1840. This led to more government oversight, and eventually regulation through the American Dental Association.
The mesiodens was extracted under local anesthesia (Fig 3) along with the extraction of 64 followed by orthodontic space closure by a removable appliance (Fig 4). Fig 3 Fig 4 Fig 3 and 4 showing Extracted specimen mesiodens, removable appliance with 11 and 21. The patient was kept under observation and recalled after 3 weeks. After 3 weeks the labial frenum’s inflammatory enlargement was recorded (Fig 5); so it was planned to perform a frenectomy procedure (Fig 6) followed by continuation of the removable orthodontic appliance (Fig
The correct repositioning of the segment should be confirmed along with the location of the fracture line radiographically. If the fracture line is in the apical or middle thirds of the root, a flexible splint should be placed for 4 weeks. If the fracture line is at the coronal third, a flexible splint should be placed for up to 4 months. There should be follow up for the tooth in order to monitor the vitality of the pulp at 6-8 months and then yearly. If there is necrosis of the pulp, then root canal treatment should be done for the coronal
Class III fracture is fracture involving the pulp and Class IV is fractures of the root. Treatment: In Ellis Class III, the tooth is covered with calcium hydroxide cement as an emergent treatment. Endodontic treatment is the final call. In Class IV, the tooth is extracted. If lesser than one third of the root is affected, then it may be salvaged.
Introduction Crowding within the dental arch is a common symptom found in most orthodontically treated patients. Therapy options include conservative methods such as the distalisation of molars or the transversal expansion of the dental arch as well as the extraction of permanent teeth . Whereas the extraction of carious teeth to solve space problems within the dental arch was proposed as early as 1771 by John Hunter , the benefits and necessity of systematic extractions of healthy and sound premolars as enforced by Begg, Jarabak and Tweed  are still a matter of controversy. Within the last decades, the indication of extraction treatment has come to be based on the individual situation of the patients . The decisive criteria are
BACKGROUND OF ENDOSCOPIC SINUS SURGERY. In the history of nose and sinus surgery, Sinus surgery has been performed in one or another forms for over 100 years. However Functional endoscopic sinus surgery has been practiced widely only in the last 2 decades.19 Sinus surgery emerged in Egypt where brain was removed through ethmoid sinuses by instruments as part of mummification process. In 18th century, maxillary sinus empyema was drained through the tooth socket or anterior wall of the maxillary sinus which lead to the development of radical procedures of removal of mucous membrane and inferior meatal antrostomy20. Later on the field of Science and technology rapidly advanced and Functional endoscopic sinus surgery has revolutionized surgical care and new horizons opened in the management of Sinonasal diseases.
4-Final restoration In the last phase, we attach the “crown”, made of porcelain or zirconium, on the implants, made of titanium and impacted to the bone, in our dental laboratories. The crowns or prosthesis are prepared according to the personal measurements, and placed on the implants either by bonding or screwing or by using both at the same time, as we call the hybrid method. The prosthesis teeth to be placed on the implant may be a single crown, sometimes a bridge, or sometimes a complete prosthesis. After all the procedures, the dentist informs the patient about the things s/he needs to take into consideration, and the treatment is completed. In order to have a successful implant treatment, the patient needs to pay attention to the cleanliness of the teeth as well as oral hygiene.
HEMISECTION AND BICUSPIDIZATION – A REVIEW ARTICLE Latest advances in dentistry has become a boon to patients to maintain a functional dentition for a lifetime. Retaining a teeth may involve combining restorative dentistry, endodontics and periodontics so that the teeth are retained in whole or in part. Thus tooth resection procedures are used to preserve as much tooth structure as possible rather than sacrificing the whole tooth. (1)(2) The term tooth resection denotes the excision and removal of any segment of the tooth or a root with or without its accompanying crown portion. Various resection procedures described are : root amputation, hemisection, radisection and bisection.