Deontology means the study or duty or obligation. Kant believed that we "are morally obligated to act in accordance with a certain set of principles and rules regardless of outcome" (sevenpillarsinstitute.org). This led to what we know as the Categorical Imperative: "Act only on that maxim through which you can at the same time will that will it should become a universal law" (csus.edu). A lot of time this is compared to the Golden rule, "treat everyone the way you want to be treated". In this case, we are dealing with a mother that we are sure loves her children and her mother dearly. As a committee, we have to take a look at ourselves and think, why are we making the decision that
Despite the major differences between virtue ethics and deontology, there are two similarities that connect them together. First, both of the frameworks require a systemic form of logical reasoning. As mentioned, Aristotle’s virtue ethics is depended upon the virtuous being of the person, where that person alone must make the golden mean choice. In contrast, deontological ethics places more emphasis on a balance
Most recently the “postmodernism” worldview has got most of the attention from nursing (McEwen & Wills, 2014). The received view consist of empiricism, positivism and logical positivism. This worldview is based on research and objectivism, all beliefs had to be verified through scientific methodology. Therefore, this worldview guided nursing research that was based on scientific methods. Early nurse’s scientist embraces the traditional and experimental methods as the guide in nursing research (McEwen & Wills, 2014). On the other hand, the perceived view stressed the importance of lived experiences, learned reality and human interpretation. It stressed that there could not be one single truth. Phenomenology which is part of perceived view recognized the importance of individual experiences, values, and perspective (McEwen & Wills, 2014). It also recognized that each individual experience is unique. This worldview was accepted by the nurse’s theorists and is viewed as important for nursing practice theory and education. Both the received view and perceived viewed were accepted by nursing theorists (McEwen & Wills,
Everyone’s values and beliefs about the profession of nursing are all different. The four concepts of nursing are interrelated and all mean something different to every person, too. Throughout this paper, I will be reflecting on my values and beliefs about nursing through the four concepts while comparing them to a nursing theorist with views that are most similar to my own.
From these realizations I have concluded that the professional nursing theories which most align with my own philosophy is a combination of Jean Watson’s theory of human caring and Rosemarie Parse’s theory of human becoming.
What are my moral obligations? How do I weigh one moral duty against another? (Deontology and Ethics: What is Deontology, Deontological Ethics?) Nurses face this questions every day in the workforce. Nurses face many situations in the workplace which deals with issues of health, life, and death, for example lying to a patient about their diagnosis. According to Kant nurses must determine if lying is an acceptable ethical behavior. Rationally, lying is not ethical and is not tolerable to any situation as it violates the duty to tell the truth to those individuals who are entitled to honest information, in which nurse-patient relationship or trusts will not develop. Deontologist also believes that killing a fetus is wrong and immoral. Deontology suggest that health care workers have a ?moral duty, to maintain and preserve life? (Timby, Barbara 45). Therefore, deontologists believe that it is immoral for a nurse to assist with the abortion process, assist with suicide for the terminally ill patient, or execution of a convicted murderer (Timby, Barbara
Deontology which is derived from the Greek words Deon (meaning obligation/duty) and logia (science/study) combined to be also known as duty or rule-based ethics or the study of duties or obligations. It is a branch of ethical theories that deals with ethics of conduct, which theories are based on the sort of actions people must perform. It is based on non-consequentialism where the ends do not justify the means and thus deontology is an approach to ethics in which a sense of duty or principle prescribes the ethical decision (Preston, 2007). Deontology affirms duties must be obeyed regardless of the consequences. The theory of Deontology has its flaws as well and this essay will present three criticisms of deontology namely that deontology relies on moral absolutes, allows acts that make the world a worse place, two permissible duties that are right can conflict with each other and will demonstrate these flaws with relevant case studies and dilemmas.
Alligood (2014) states that Boykin and Schoenhofer’s Theory of Nursing as Caring is an exception to this rule because “rather than providing empirical variables from which hypotheses and testable predications are made, the theory of nursing as caring qualitatively transforms practice” (p. 362). Alligood (2014) argues that the Theory of Nursing as Caring is focused on unique human interaction that cannot and should not be objectified and is therefore impossible to be founded in the empirical way of
A limitation of Deontology stems from the fact that it is so strict on how one should or should not act, but yet humans need clearly defined laws to serve as guides. Although laws are not followed one hundred percent of the time, the mere fact that there are laws telling us what is right or wrong result in a higher success of people acting morally good because there is a strict guide of how to act and how not to act. Yet Deontology provides a strong ethical framework that enables moral agents to act in such a way that is towards good will and ethically correct
Kant’s moral theory of deontology is the study of duty. Deontology focuses on the intentions of the actions and not on the consequences that may follow, the opposite of utilitarianism. According to the theory of deontology, we are obligated to follow the principles and rules regardless of the outcomes. My goal in this paper is to explain the theory of deontology, which has two types of imperatives: hypothetical and categorical that are used when deciding upon the act to be taken; also would like to identify objections against the theory of deontology.
Deontologism is an approach which seeks to create universal rules for the morality of human action; its ideas of common humanity and fundamental human rights were very influential in the banning of torture. This point of view lies on the belief that there are some inherent rights that every person is supposed to enjoy simply based on his existence. It is based on ethics and morality. The very crux of this perspective is that every human being has some rights, and these rights cannot be compromised with in any situation – not even when the person has committed the most heinous acts possible. These rights include the right to not be inflicted any harm or suffering, either physical or mental. Thus, the deontological perspective is heavily founded on the concept of morality and human dignity. Immanuel Kant was a strong supporter of this view. Hence, the deontological perspective is also known as the Kantian perspective.
Furthermore, an insight into Deontology may be explained from its Greek roots. The term deontology comes from the Greek word deon, meaning duty; hence the the theory of deontology states we are morally obligated to act in accordance with a certain set of principles and rules regardless of outcome.
As regard to deontology, it is concerned with the application of absolute, ethical principles so as to arrive at rules of conduct. Deontologist derives from the Greek word ‘deontos’ which means ‘what must be done’. Sometimes it is translated as obligation or duty. Deontology sets down criteria by which activities might be judged ahead
Throughout the field of philosophy, ethics play an extensive role. This branch of knowledge is significantly important within the area of moral philosophy, as the main concept touches on moral principles and behaviour of mankind as a consequence of such principles. LaFollette (2000) expressed his view that as a whole, humanity ‘should better understand ourselves, our place in the world, and our relationship to others’, from which I believe, can be derived through ethics. When studying the behaviour of humans and their proficiency to make decisions, I have learned that there are two leading philosophical positions which determine the way in which we think, both rationally and irrationally, and influence our decisions. These two principles consist of consequentialism and deontology. I intend to analyse how the views of consequentialists differ from that of deontologists and determine whether both views are tenable.
When it comes to Moral theories we have to understand what Immanuel Kant has written on .