According to the National Institute of Mental Health (2016) thoroughly defines and explains depression as a mood disorder. Being both common and serious depression is attached to symptoms affecting how one feels, thinks, performs tasks, sleeps, and even eats (National Institute of Mental Health, 2016). Symptoms related directly to depression need to be present for two weeks or more in order for there to be an overall diagnosis of depression (National Institute of Mental Health, 2016). While many people view depression as a single disorder greatly associated with sadness, but it is important to note that there are different forms of depression that may occur and be associated with children and adolescents. The possible different forms of depression
Self-esteem creates self-image (Judy and Arin 2004). Low self-esteem has many different manifestations; withdrawal, depression and lack of self-confidence are all symptoms of low self-esteem. Many adolescents express anger and frustration because they do not complete certain tasks easily or efficiently. When these feelings are turned inward they reinforce feeling of low self-esteem (Richard 2005). A research done by Mullis and Chapman (2000) on association among gender, age, self-esteem and found that adolescents having high self- esteem focused on problem solving and emotion focused strategy was used by those adolescents having low self-esteem.
Results: Spearman’s correlation test was used to find correlation between CV angle and neck pain and the r value was found to be -0.731 with the level of significance 0.01. Conclusion: A moderate to good negative correlation was found between CV angle and neck pain. Key words: Neck pain, CV angle, NPRS, Forward head Neck pain is a common disorder characterized by pain, discomfort or soreness experienced in a region between the inferior margin of the occipital bone and T1.  Prevalence of neck pain in employees is not the same all over the world. In western countries it has been reported to be between 34% and 54%, with Scandinavian
Individuals in this group have what is clinically referred to as a “mood disorder”. In clinical settings, according to Dr. Cheryl Lane, PhD (2013), Mood disorder is the alterations in mood or emotion that affects the perception of an individual about the world. (Retrieved from http://www.psyweb.com/mdisord/jsp/moodd.js) According to Dennis Coon (2005) and Ann Isaacs (2005), Mood disorders have 5 different types which are; The Major depressive disorder, Dysthymia, Bipolar disorder, Cyclothemia, and lastly Pseudo dementia. Major depressive disorder is defined when at least two weeks of extreme emotional depression or loss of pleasure and activities. When a person has this type of mood disorder, he
According to (Green&Ben-Sasson2010) our responses to sensory stimuli such as impairment in dedication, modulation or interpretation of stimuli may be contributing factor to social anxiety. Studies show that low self-esteem also a risk factor for social phobia (Acartruk et al 2009). Model There are numerous models and theories have been used by the health care personals for the treatment and purpose of social phobia like the cognitive model of social phobia (Clark & Wells, 1995) with particular emphasis on self-focused attention and social anxiety. this model explain that person individual whose having social anxiety will underestimate their ability to handle the social interaction, as in my patient he felt that I can’t go in social gathering, “I’m useless, don’t want to live any more, people are thinking that
Their result support recent report of Dyrbye and colleagues (2006) which is stated that medical students have high risk of depression disorders and anxiety disorders compared to the general population. The other group that have higher level of stress is the final year students. The mean and standard deviation score is 1026.7 and 267.6 respectively. This research concluded that year of study has their own effect on stress among the students. Regarding to stressors,
The theory distinguished these types into three: Harm, (psychological) damage or loss that has happened, Threat, anticipation of harm, Challenge, results from demands that a person feels confident about mastering. These kinds of psychological stress would likely be used in the study to classify the different psychological stress the respondents encounter based on the factors that affect their stress level. Like for example, if most respondents claimed that the most stressful factor is the grading system, the researchers could analyze and classify the current condition of most students having the basis of these three types of stress namely, harm, threat and
Beck's (1976) traditional model proposes unidirectional effects from cognitive constructs on depressive symptoms (Pössel, 2011). He identified three mechanisms (Beck and Alford, 2009) that he deemed responsible for depression. The cognitive triad has three forms of negative thinking: negative thoughts about the self, the world and the future (Hodgson, 2000). The interaction between these components interfere with usual cognitive processing. This results in the individual becoming consumed with negative beliefs and thoughts.
“A depressed man lives with his mind turned back in his past, where he discovers causes that might “explain” his suffering or signs of predestination for his endless failure”. This is how Giovan Battista Cassano, director of the department of psychiatry in the University of Pisa, in Italy, defines the “negative thinking” of depressed people, one of the cognitive symptoms that characterizes the disorder. Unipolar depression, also known as major depressive disorder, is the most commonly diagnosed form of depression, whose diagnosis requires at least five symptoms of depression that must last at least 2 weeks, one of which must be abnormal loss of interest in activities or depressed mood. The symptoms, that must be severe enough to interfere with
The results showed that certain facets of the big five were significantly related to the burnout factors. Key words: Burnout, Big Five personality traits, Adolescents The Big Five personality traits as predictors of burnout among adolescent students When