Psychologist Albert Ellis, after years of intensive research on the human mind and its wellbeing, had this to say about the conundrum of depression: “You largely constructed your depression. It wasn’t given to you. Therefore, you can deconstruct it.” Robert Frost begs to differ. In his poem “Acquainted with the Night”, Frost asserts that depression is much more than a mental mindset, but a physical ailment as well.
This is what our body runs off of but we don’t see it play out as much. (Page 8 &9) B. According to the psychodynamic perspective, a person can get depressed because of things that happened during their childhood. They basically say that the source of all of our problems can be traced back to our childhood.
In specific, people regarded the “depression” label as uncharismatic and repulsive (Szeto et al., 2013). Moreover, participants also indicated that prejudice and discrimination were less likely to happen in individuals with depression in comparison to the other labels (Szeto et al., 2013). The participants considered depression as a non-biological illness (i.e., an illness caused by internal and external events), which led them to have a better prognosis too, while the other labels elicited responses that involved biology and genetics (Szeto et al., 2013). Szeto et al. (2013) hypothesized that the
For decades, the definition of Major Depression (MD) has been an issue, in part due to the complexity of the disorder. Issues include whether the disorder is a categorical one, in that people are either have the symptoms or not, or more of a dimensional approach, where the symptoms vary in intensity between people (Cole, McGuffin & Farmer, 2008.) For the purpose of this essay, depression is defined as a mood disorder involving emotional, motivational, behavioural, physical and cognitive symptoms (Davey, 2011). According to the Diagnostics and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th Edition (DSM V), symptoms of MD include “markedly diminished interest or pleasure in activities, insomnia or hypersomnia, feelings of worthlessness and recurrent
f) The biogenic theory of depression in terms of our theoretical understandings of mental disorders was formed. i) The theory stated that the mood is determined in the brain by biogenic amines – complex chemicals who’s structure resembles that of ammonia.
Sadness is a common emotion evoked by life’s setbacks, failures, and struggles. The word “depression” is frequently used to express these kinds of feelings, but depression is so much more than a simple case of the blues. Depression is an overwhelming sadness that occurs even though aspects in a person’s life can seem to be just fine. Furthermore, some individuals don’t even feel sadness, and rather they may feel hopeless, empty, and lonely. There may also be experiences of irritation or aggression.
The prioritisation of meaning over behaviour forms the basis of understanding reactions and interpretations to situations, thus emotional disorders can be interpreted as a result of someone becoming ‘stuck’ in a continuum of negative situations and responses. In regards to depression (Beck, 1976) proposed what is known as the ‘negative cognitive triad’ relating to an irrational and pessimistic view of key elements of a persons belief system (e.g. a negative view of oneself, the world and the future). These are looked at from a cognitive perspective, examining how events or situations are experienced and how they emerge in the conscious and unconscious mind. Barker (2010) describes how mindfulness originates from Buddhist traditions that have been practiced over thousands of years and can be part of many traditional therapeutic approaches. Mindfulness is about being aware of your thoughts, feelings, and experiences in the present moment, accepting them without judgment.
The phrase 'Nature vs. Nurture" is used to describe arguments about whether a disease is a genetic problem or something that is caused by someone's situation or environment. Depression is one disease that is often subjected to the discussion of nature vs. nurture because it can be very difficult to diagnose and treat, leaving many wondering how it even originated. The book Prozac Nation: Young and Depressed in America is a memoir written by Elizabeth Wurtzel that gives readers a firsthand look of how she grew up and coped with her depression. As she retells different parts of her life, a question that is often brought up is, "Where did the depression come from?" One side of the argument is that the depression is caused by her environment.
Atypical Depression is a deficiency in interpersonal being and social skills due to the dangerous and understanding of denial. For the reason that these folks are extremely sensitive, and they exaggerate and in excess of thinking other’s people’s comments and ideas, and accept as true actions that are individual assaults. Several people that are suffering from atypical depression statement that this understanding started in their early childhood and may perhaps during times gone by of physical, emotional, and/or sexual abuse (Fields, 2013). Social Anxiety Disorder consists of devastating uneasiness and being self-consciousness roughly on a daily social situations. This uneasiness frequently centers itself on the panic of being judged by other
Depression is diagnosed in women at least twice as often as men. It has been suggested that this is due to more women seeking help. Depression can occur during any stage of life; it can also accompany serious chronic diseases such as cancer, heart disease, stroke and diabetes (The Community Guide, 2016). An estimate 6-12% of the population in the United States will experience depression; one-third to one-half of these patients will experience recurrent episodes. Depression affects patients mentally and physically making them subject to negative thought processes along with physical ailments such as, chronic fatigue, pain or digestive issues that usually do not respond to conventional treatment (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015).
The study of Psychology plays an important role in our everyday lives. I have always had an interest in psychology more specifically, how the mind works. The one area that hits home to me in psychology is depression. This course taught me factors that can influence mental illness and ways to cope. Depression involves “specific negative ways of thinking about ones situation.”
H1: Females will report more negative inferential styles and rumination than males and the strength of the interaction between the weakest link, negative events, and change in depressive symptoms over time will be stronger in females than in males. Statistical test: Statistical analyses: Time two depression scores were regressed on time one depression scores, biological sex, weakest link, cognitive style, and life events and all two-, three-, and four-way interactions involving sex, weakest link, cognitive style, and negative life
The researchers found a concordance amongst married couples' depressive side effects: If the spouses were encountering depressive indications, so were their wives, and the other way around. Albeit humble, this concordance became more grounded with age. Likewise, age contrasts between mates were additionally connected with more depressive side effects, with the two married couples wedded to more youthful life partners detailing more depressive manifestations at age 65 than life partners nearer in age (Degl'Innocenti 17). Race, training (either the objective life partner's own instruction or instructive contrasts between the companions), number of past relational unions, and the kids couldn't represent any of the revealed discoveries (Clarke et al. 1299). The popular media have represented aging as negative and has shown that depression is almost a certainty when people grow old.
In the article First mouse model of spontaneous depression-like episodes shows new candidate brain region, researchers have found that a part of the brain, not previously associated with depression, is now appearing to go under some sort of a depression when someone has an episode of depression. This article directly addresses the “Major depression” chapter in our book. I will talk about what depression is, what causes depression, what part of the brain that may cause depression according to this article and I will apply the bio-psycho-social perspective to the article. “Major Depressive Disorder occurs when at least five signs of depression last two or more weeks.” (Myers 551) Depression isn’t just feeling the blues after having a rough day; it’s a long psychological problem that affects many people in the world.
The article hints that depression is one of the most compelling diseases challenging human life in the contemporary world. Its prevalence rate is shooting yearly among the young populations. Individuals who encounter depression during their childhood and early adolescence are likely to have persistent depressive disorder during their adulthood. Childhood depression is an issue of significant concern since it challenges the wellbeing and development of children and it may project severe consequences in adolescence and adulthood.