Dermatitis Case Study

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1. Summarize the diagnosis and treatment of dermatitis. Dermatitis is diagnosed by inspection and by compiling a complete history, looking for possible exposure to causative substances. In general, treatment is aimed at avoidance of the contact irritant or allergen, good skin lubrication, preservation of skin moisture, and control of inflammation and itching. Topical agents are often used. Corticosteroids may be used topically, or sometimes orally or by injection to intervene in a severe episode of dermatitis. 2. Identify and describe the two major types of acne. Acne rosacea usually begins between ages 30 and 50 years. It is characterized by erythema (redness), papules, pustules, and telangiectases. It occurs on the face over the cheeks…show more content…
It occurs most commonly on the face and trunk. As the scales shed, there is a small amount of bleeding and a scab will form. When the scab is shed, the affected area becomes wider and is bordered by a waxy, translucent, raised area. If such a sore has not healed within a month, it may be a basal cell carcinoma. This spreading may continue very gradually during several months or years. Even though these malignancies do not metastasize. They can invade underlying tissues, and death can result from complications such as infection or hemorrhage from encroaching into a blood vessel. Small lesions can be removed under local anesthesia in a doctor’s office. Larger lesions respond well to radiation therapy. Squamous cell carcinoma is caused by sunlight, affects the epidermis, and can become invasive and metastasize to the other areas of the body. It appears on the head and neck most frequently. The tumor begins as a small nodule that rapidly becomes ulcerated. Treatment must begin early if the condition is to be relieved before the skin cells sustain extensive damage. Surgical procedures involve total removal or destruction of the lesions in the surrounding tissues that have been invaded. Radiation therapy is advised for patients who are poor surgical risks or who are fearful of surgery. Malignant melanoma is the least common form of skin cancer. It arises from pigment-producing cells and varies in its course and prognosis according to its type. Causative factors are genetic predisposition, solar radiation, and steroid hormone influence. There are several types of melanoma, but the three major kinds of malignant melanoma are superficial spreading, nodular, and lentigo maligna melanoma. In general, the superficial lesions can be cured, but the deeper lesions tend to metastasize more readily through the lymphatic and circulatory systems. Malignant melanoma

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