Diabetic eye disease includes diabetic retinopathy, cataract and glaucoma. What is Diabetic Retinopathy? Diabetic retinopathy is one of the complications of diabetes out of tripathy. Diabetic retinopathy occurs when hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar levels) causes damage to the cells at the back of the eye, known anatomically as, the retina. Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of loss of vision.
We report a rare case of malrotation with LADD band presenting in an 11 year old girl accompanying intrinsic duodenal stenosis and annual stenosis. Case report : A 11-year-old-girl presented to the hospital with the chief complaints of abdominal pain, epigastric fullness, bilious vomiting,
Primary infection occurs in epithelial cells leading to a skin rash and fever as a phenotype. When virions spread to adjacent sensory neurons, a lifelong infection is established (Owen, Crump, & Graham, 2015). Both primary and secondary diseases have a significant morbidity and mortality but thanks to advances in diagnostic and the production of vaccines, it is possible to decrease their burden (Gershon, 2013). 1.1 Varicella: Varicella (chickenpox), the primary infection of VZV, is characterized by cutaneous eruption typically seen in children. In adults, this primary infection is more severe and in immunocompromised patients, it can be followed by complications such as, high fever, pneumonia, encephalitis and hepatitis (Gershon et al., 2013).
If her cervix was a clock 's face, the lump was at four o 'clock," (Skloot 17). Being a victim of racism in the early 1950s, she didn 't get the necessary medical attention needed to treat her. Jones cut a small sample of her lump for a biopsy that showed results of her being diagnosed of cervical cancer or adenocarcinoma, a malignant tumor of the epithelial tissue in her cervix. During her first cancer treatment, Dr. Lawrence Wharton Jr. without Henrietta 's consent took two pieces of live tissue from which her cells: one piece of tissue from her tumor and one from healthy cervical tissue near the tumor. Even after her death, those cells continue to live today.
Henrietta Lacks was a young black woman who was diagnosed with cervical cancer at John Hopkins Hospital. Her doctor collected cancerous cells and healthy cells from her cervix and gave them to the cancer researcher, George Otto Gey, who was trying to keep cells alive for more than a couple days. Henrietta endured intense radium treatments, but she still died at the age of 31, leaving her husband and five children behind. An amazing discovery was made Henrietta’s cell were immortal. Racism is prevalent in this book through the limited availability of healthcare, unethical behaviors of the doctors, and how racism affected her family.
Upon arrival Patricia is immediately assessed and states that she has failed to comply with her prescribed blood pressure medication, Labetalol 200mg BID. The paramedic reports a moderate amount of dark red vaginal bleeding, blood pressure 84/46, heart rate of 130, and respiratory rate of 26. The patient complains of severe abdominal pain rating it a 9/10. When the abdomen is palpated by the nurse there is localized uterine tenderness in the upper right quadrant and it is boardlike. Upon observation a large blood clot is seen on the patient’s pad.
This case study is about the effects of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) on 38 year old Sarah. Sarah is married and has two children aged 8 and 10. She was diagnosed with MS when she was at the young age of 33. The disease has progressed rapidly over the five years and she has needed help to support her everyday living. Sometimes she is experiencing fatigue, low mood, feels tearful and that she is a nuisance to everyone.
Near total replacement of the pancreas with cysts in a patient with Von Hippel Lindau Disease Abstract: Von Hippel Lindau (VHL) disease can affect various organ systems of the body and is associated with tumors and visceral cysts. Lesions of the pancreas are fairly common leading to the occurrence of simple cysts, serous cystadenoma or solid tumors. We present a rare case of a 35 year old woman previously diagnosed with VHL disease whose pancreas on endoscopic ultrasound was found to be replaced by cysts of varying sizes with normal pancreatic tissues and duct not being identified. Introduction VHL is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder with a birth incidence prevalence of about 1 in 36,000 live births. (1) It can manifest with as various
PERIPHERAL OSSIFYNG FIBROMA: CASE SERIES OF THREE CASE REPORTS INTRODUCTION Many variants of localized reactive lesions may occur on the gingiva, including focal fibrous hyperplasia, pyogenic granuloma, peripheral giant cell granuloma and peripheral ossifying fibroma (POF).1–3 The etiology of these lesions may be trauma, microorganisms, plaque, calculus, restorations and dental appliances.2,3 POF is a lesion that mainly affects women in the second decade of life.6 The lesions are most often found in the gingiva, located anterior to the molars and in the maxilla.7 POF clinically manifests as a well‑defined and slow-growing gingival mass measuring under 2 cm in size and located in the interdental papilla region.The base of the lesion may be sessile or pedunculated, the color is identical to that of the gingiva or slightly reddish and the surface may appear ulcerated.This paper presents a series of three case reports of POFs reported and treated at our college. CASE REPORTS CASE 1 A healthy 50‑year‑old male reported to the Department of Periodontics, Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Sciences and Research, Faridabad, India, complaining of swelling in gums in upper front tooth region since 2 years. No history of associated pain and bleeding from the overgrowth was reported by the
INTRODUCTION Psoriasis is an ancient and universal inflammatory, autoimmune, polygenic (Shai et al, 2002) and chronic skin disease that is characterised by scaly, sharply demarcated red, dry patches and indurated plaques. Patches most often occur on the elbows, knees and lower back. They may also be seen on the upper pelvic bone area, bottom of the feet, calves and thighs, genital areas and Palms of the hands. Psoriasis can develop at any age, but a bimodal distribution of the age of onset is characteristic. The majority of cases, approximately 75%, present before the age of 40 years, with a peak at 20–30 years old.